Air traffic controller

an air traffic controller has the task, air traffic duly, surely, to steer liquid and economically. The term pilot originally comes from the navigation. There it designates an experienced sailor, who knows waters of a coast or a river so well that he ships surelythrough to lead can.

An air traffic controller has the task to supervise and lead all airplanes in its scope of responsibility to avoid primarily in order collisions (security), to manufacture and keep upright in addition, over for the airlines as economic an execution of the flights as possible. In addition standit and others the following helping means for the order: direct visual contact, position signals, radar and aeronautical radio

the safety criterion which can be kept under all circumstances is the progressive rate (English. separation). Exactly fixed minimum safety margins between airplanes in air and at the soil may be fallen below at no time (however there are exceptions;can in airport proximity after view be graduated, fixed distances are not necessary then; and/or. also the progressive rate at the responsible person pilot can be delegated, then the necessary safety margin after view independently keeps). In order to guarantee the progressive rate, the airplanes in their motion are steered:Headings, flight altitudes and - as well as speeds stretch are assigned. If necessary or when desired pilots are navigationally supported in addition , data of airports, weather information uvm. to the pilots passed on.

An airplane becomes from pilots i.d.R. checks only if the flight is accomplished in the controlled air space. In principleit is also possible for the pilot, without flying control by the air traffic control (“uncontrolled”). The responsibility for the avoidance of incidents then exclusively is with the pilots. To the commercial transport of passengers however close legal regulations apply.

Air traffic controllers are in each case for a certain range(Sector) responsibly. Airplanes, which are in this sector, stand under supervision of the responsible person pilot. The delivery from sector to sector is called hand off or delivery. An airplane is so always passed on from pilot to pilot and steered and supervised continuous within the controlled air spaces.

In Germany the training during the German air traffic control ( DFS) takes about 2-3 years. Air traffic controllers work in the “center” or in the control tower: Center pilots supervise the entire controlled air space, Tower or tower pilots the starting and runways as well as close range (control zone) around the airport. The Tower pilot gives startingand landing permission (takeoffs and/or. Landing Clearances). Germany is divided into 5 center ranges: Munich radar, being enough radar, Bremen radar, Berlin radar and Rhine radar (Karlsruhe). Starting from spring 2006 the centers reduce up: Bremen, Frankfurt, Munich and Karlsruhe.

The apron pilot (Apron CONTROLLER) is not an air traffic controller inactual sense. The monitoring of on the apron the rolling flight and other vehicles is however often taken over by air traffic controllers with.


literature

  • “air traffic controller” of Andreas Fecker in the GeraMond publishing house, Munich, ISBN 3-7654-7217-4

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