Forchheim

of these articles treats the large district town Forchheim in the district Forchheim in Bavaria. For further meanings see: Forchheim (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen Forchheim Karte Forchheim in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Upper Franconia
district: Forchheim
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 44 ' N, 11° 04 ' O
49° 44 ' N,11° 04 ' O
height: 265 m and. NN
surface: 44.95 km ²
inhabitants: 31.024 (1. August 2005)
Population density: 691 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 91291-91301 (old: 8550)
Preselection: 09191
Kfz characteristics: FO
municipality characteristic number: 09 4 74 126
Website: www.forchheim.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Franz stump (CSU /WUO)
situation of the city Forchheim in the district
Lage von Forchheim im Landkreis

Forchheim is simultaneous a large district town in Franconia ( Free State of Bavaria) and seat of the district Forchheim in the governmental district Upper Franconia. The city is part of the Metropolregion Nuremberg.

Forchheim is oneold king city and is also called “Eingangstor to Frankish Switzerland “.

Table of contents

up-to-date

Forchheim celebrated in the year 2005 the 1200-jährige anniversary of the first documentary mention. For this the German post office a special stamp spent to 45 cent. 2004 were the city scene of the Bavarian national exhibition “noble and free - Franconias in the Middle Ages”.The exhibition counted approximately 200.000Visitor.

name and coat of arms

at present the emergence of the coat of arms at the beginning 13. Century assumed that one erroneously, the city name “Vorchheim” am derived from the old-high-German word “vorhe” (for Forelle). This resulted in the “speaking” coat of arms with thatboth Forellen. Although at present the naming of the Forellenreichtum in the rivers around Forchheim it was surely very large one assumes that today however that the city name is derived from the old high German “vorha” (for Föhre), thus “Föhrenheim” meant. The emergence of the name might into thoseCenter 7. Century fall. At this time developed in the course of the first Frankish settlement wave in this region, above all orients numerous “plan settlements” at river courses, which on the etymon - home were based.

history

in 8. Century a Frankish king yard becomes and in Forchheima Pfalz establishes. In the year 805 the city in the Diedenhofener Kapitular of Karl the large one is mentioned for the first time documentary.

Traffic map from the year 1912 with Forchheim down

in the following centuries numerous realm days and prince meetings take place in Forchheim. To 10. November 911 becomes Konrad I. in Forchheim to the first “German” king selected and crowned.

At the 1. November 1007 gives emperors Heinrich II. the king property Forchheim the diocese Bamberg. Already 1039 however place emperors Heinrich III. the city again under realm administration, before Forchheim to 13. July 1063 finallyup to the secularization 1802/1803 with the diocese Bamberg is connected. In the time Heinrichs IV. becomes to 15. March 1077 in Forchheim Rudolf of Rheinfelden as Gegenkönig selected (“Canossagang “). In the time between 1200 and 1220 Forchheim is raised to the city and receivesits current coat of arms.

Due to its fortress characteristic Forchheim gets over also the dreissigjährigen war, without only once to be taken. The Bamberger prince bishop flees several marks before Sweden including cathedral treasure into the safe Forchheim, which is besieged of 1632-1634 several times of Sweden.From this time the little flatterful surname of the Forchheimer (“Mauerscheisser”) originates, which demonstrated in this way that still enough to eat in the city available and the FE storage was senseless therefore.

To 6. September 1802 is occupied the city by Bavarian troops, the cure principality Bavariaattached and in the consequence the seat of a regional court, from which the later district Forchheim develops. 1889 are integrated Forchheim circle-free city , 1972 lose the city in the context of the Bavarian regional reorganization their circle liberty and into the district Forchheim.

Over many centuriesthe city was considered as place of birth of the Pontius Pilatus, about which latin saying witnesses, which is to have confessed on a stone of the Stadtmauer: “Forchhemii natus est Pontius ille Pilatus, /Teutonicae gentis, crucifixor omnipotentis”.

traffic route

Forchheim wears direct connection over A 73the motorway net.

By Forchheim the federal highways B 470 and B 4 run.

The train service of the station goes into the directions Bamberg, Nuremberg and Ebermannstadt. The shut down railroad line after high city a.d.Aisch is likewise still occasionally used. In the next years is Forchheimalso to the rapid-transit railway Nuremberg to be attached.

The public suburban traffic (city penalty, call collecting taxi) is merged into the traffic region Nuremberg (VGN).

The city lies directly at the Main Danube channel and is about 30 minutes far away from the international airport Nuremberg.

Main street (pedestrian precinct)

quarters

  • bending yards
    thatQuarter lies to the left Regnitzseite. The place was mentioned 1251 for the first time documentary, is however probably older and has about 4500 inhabitants. The incorporation took place 1978.
  • Burk
    supposed older than the city, admits is Burk particularly for the three-king church, the only one inentire diocese Bamberg. Burk became 1978 in in common December.
  • Kersbach with Sigritzau
  • Reuth
    incorporation 1972
  • Serlbach
    the place lies in the northeast of Forchheim, its name developed from an adding (1328): “Z (over) Erl (e) brook”. The incorporation was at the 1. January 1926

objects of interest

Rathaus
city hall
  • city hall, 14. - 16.Jh. with the ornaments of Hans Ruhalm 1523
  • imperial palace, fürstbischöfliches lock, 14. Jh.
  • March in church, 12. - 15. Jh.
  • Marienkapelle, 12. Jh.
  • Fortress wall, 1560-1750 with medieval Saltorturm
  • treasurer mill (“inclined house”)
  • Katharinenspital, 1611, M. Hospital church, 1490
  • monastic church and monastery 17. Jh.
Martinskirche
March in church

regular meetings

  • April/May: Theatre days
  • June: Old part of town celebration
  • July/August: Anna celebration
  • Decembers: “Most beautiful Advent calendar of the world”

economics

Forchheim is particularly coined/shaped by the proximity to the population centre Nuremberg.

resident enterprise

of twin cities

twin town

  • 1955 transferred the city Forchheim the sponsorship for the refugees Germans from the city and the circle Braunau in the Sudetenland.

personalities

  • Philipp Bluem flax(Engine sportsmen), German Enduro Cup winner 2003
  • Sascha Burkhardt (athlete), junior Marathon world champion 1995
  • Hassèn Charada (volleyballer), junior Volleyball WM participants 1999 and 2001
  • Alfons Dittrich (table tennis player), German Ü-70-Tischtennis-Meister 2005
  • Wolfgang Droege (Canadian-German right-wing extremist)
  • Sindy Genenncher (Eishockeyspielerin)
  • Christian Hassa (football player)
  • walter Hess (athlete), u 80-high jump world champions 2004 and 2006
  • Günther filter ore (football and tennis player), senior tennis European champions2004 in the double
  • Christian Springer (football player)
  • Toma Stranovsky (Handballer), slowakischer national player
  • Sven Waasner (actor), TV-transmission “among us”

literature

  • Hermann Ammon (Hsg.): Forchheim in history and present. University University of, Bamberg 2004. ISBN 3-9334-6318-1
  • Konrad copper: Forchheim. History of an old Frankish city. 4.Edition, Franconia publishing house Spindler, Nuremberg 1998.ISBN 3-8892-9068-X
  • Tilmann Breuer: City and district Forchheim. Short inventory, Munich: Dt. Kunstverl. 1961 (= Bavarian art thinking marks; 12)
  • Gerhard Batz: The Pilatus puzzle. Stocktaking and background a European legend in Franconias. Palm & Enke, attaining 2003. ISBN 3-7896-0675-8 read sample

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