Fotografieren is the production of a picture by means of the camera and/or. the photo camera and the organization of the picture which can be taken up. Over fastidiously to photograph various knowledge is favourable to both ranges.
Table of contents
photographic picture design
general is the organization of the picture the crucial activity when photographing, which is determined partially also by special applications of the technology. With a Portrait for example the foreground and/or the background in the object which can be illustrated sharply can be kept indistinct by means of the camera focusing. In the architecture photography for example pictures are to be arranged with the bellow camera, which are not representable with cameras without their possibility of the shift from film and objective level. When photographing - in other words - the knowledge of the technology often serves the organization. This applies in particular in the depth of the object/motive which can be taken up toward the objective axle, thus during the conversion of the three-dimensional motive to a two-dimensional picture (sharpness range; also sharpness depth or sharpness depth range).
The crucial size with the organization of a picture is usually the two-dimensional image plane, later than departure and/or. Expression is manufactured, thus simply „width to height “. A formula for the picture design does not give it. Good pictures are to be obtained - apart also from the time/epoch of their emergence - with completely different design principles. Here counts above all - the learnable! - Gift of the photographing persons, what it 1. sees and 2. to illustrate want to compose and with the possibilities of the camera to synchronize be able in the contexts of the picture inside.
There are however aids also for the organization. The most well-known, often verabsolutierte measure of the picture design comes from the architectural theory, that is the golden section, a certain relationship from width to height of the picture (approx. 5 : 3), and in addition the situation of the main motive comes within the fig. (z. B. at the points of third, the four golden points). The golden section is considered as template to harmonious area division, a tendency, which is not to be by any means always obtained however, why completely different (up) divisions can be meaningful. Meaningfully it is also to search with the motive search for (graphic) structures to put for instance the motive elements into the picture diagonal or into a triangle form etc.
construction picture with camera
in range camera technology, as far as it concerns the construction of the picture, not around mechanics (for instance the camera catch), are knowledge function mode camera, which knowledge of the function mode of the exposure measurement, which of the condition of of the available films, to which in the camera the picture will transfer by the objective, of special importance for the picture design. And there is necessary knowledge of the light, is it with the lighting in the photo studio or the evaluation of the effects of different sources of light on the film outside of the Studios, like those the sun, or the different color temperatures of different shining bodies on daylight or Kunstlichtfilm uwm. Even if color film is used, knowledge of the color theory is necessary, which is used in the photography and the picture printing.
to photographing also basic knowledge of the film development belongs to organization in
the darkroom (with similar pictures ) and to the darkroom and/or. the photo laboratory. For many photographers - particularly within the artistic range - the elaboration of the departure (of the dia. or negative) is and/or. today the digital pressure of just as great importance as actual photographing. They use if necessary. Type of film and Entwicklungsbad in „the CROSS procedure “, develop z. B. a dia. in the negative developer, which leads to special chromatic distortions. And they have often particularly intensive knowledge with types of paper of „more softly “to „hard “ Gradation, with different surfaces etc., with which the contrasts of the picture can be steered. This applies probably more frequently to the elaboration of black-and-white pictures than with such in color, because color development of the departures (contrary to the digital pressure) is rather complex.
Web on the left of
|Wikibooks: Photo school large size - learning and teaching materials|