It developed in the late 60's and early 1970er year. As the first public appearance can do the 5. dokumenta 1972in Kassel to be seen. The pictures and plastics of “American photo realism” broke taboos of many years, which existed particularly in Germany in relation to an illustrating realism and in demarcation against the art in the third realm and against socialist realism developedwere. The irritations developed not least from misjudging the artistic intention of the photo realism, whose artist was interested less in certain cutouts of the reality than rather in as accurate a conversion as possible the representation method of photography in painting and itselffrom this resulting in effects and possibilities. The pictures painted understood as reproduction of reproductions and appear thus reduced, even if they - like here - are only illustrated, in renewed reproduction and to that, about which they went out, as photo. Characteristicis the detail naturalism going up to the eye deception. Such fatal reality mistake and picture uncertainty solidified the reproach, this art is bare Kopistenvirtuosität, almost photo - and reality poor copy. Which works meanwhile in the illustration like a photo, leaves in the original the crucial coursesa reality interpretation, an own picture reality recognize. As collecting main the photo materialists mostly used a slide or several with everyday motives from its surrounding field. Their relationship in relation to contents of its pictures should be neutral and as objective as possible. They preferred motives with highly detailed,specific, often reflecting surfaces. With the photo materialists a Spezialistentum emerges, with which each artist aims at technical championship and Virtuosität in a relatively limited range of topics. These allocation possibilities, which had been lost through the elimination of the personal handwriting of the artist. SoMcLean above all breed horses and its proud owners, Chuck CLOSE oversize of head haven advice , smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Estes reflecting shop windows , Robert Cottingham of signatures of the neon advertisement, Ralph Goings car and high-speed restaurant, Don Eddy intact and John salt showed smelling pool of broadcasting corporations lädierte and rusted to cars, David ParrishMotorcycles, John Clem Clark and John Kacere girl document and Ben close time packing. In Europe Swiss artist Franz Gertsch particularly pursued photo-realistic objectives. It concerns to it particularly the operational readiness level of its figures, the representation of the life feeling that 70's-years. It showed its friends, a group of performance artists, and family pictures. “I must feel the possibility in the collecting mains of being able to use my pictorial media picture-fairly around lives of catching " (Gertsch).
The motivation behind photo realism overlaps to largeTo parts with the 2D and 3D-Computergrafik to produce ever more realistic pictures is however fixed on painting.
Further representatives of photo realism are among other things Raimond Staprans, Howard Kanovitz, Gottfried Helnwein (partly. To assign hyperrealism), in Germany January Peter Tripp, Gerhard judge and Fritz Köthe.
Photo realism is related to hyperrealism. (Differences are avowed with hyperrealism)