Parliamentary group (Bundestag)
a parliamentary group in the German Bundestag is the union of at least 5% of its members. These must belong to the same party, or parties, which do not compete with one another in the individual Lands of the Federal Republic. Unions, which do not fulfill these conditions, can be recognized as a parliamentary group only ifthe Bundestag agrees.
The Bundestag faction CDU/CSU is an example of a parliamentary group, whose members belong to different parties. The CSU can be selected only in Bavaria and the CDU only in the remaining Lands of the Federal Republic. The two parties compete thus not with one another and can thus in the Bundestaga common parliamentary group educate.
However parliamentary groups can accept also delegates of other parties or non-party delegates than guests.
Parliamentary groupings, which reach the parliamentary group status, enjoy numerous rights: A meeting room in the areas of the federal daily is entitled to them , it places members of the Council of Elders and receives additional moneysfor the parliamentary group guidance.
A grouping of at least 3 delegate, who receives less than these 5% of the seats, can be recognized as group. Thus however no large rights are connected. Persons from groupings, which not when group are recognized, are considered as parliamentary groupless (see: Parliamentary group-loose delegates).
The parliamentary groups in the parliament are not to be confounded with the actual parties. These work outside of the parliament and try only to continue their work by the delegates in the parliament. The delegates of the party can educate their own parliamentary group in each parliament, alsothe direction of the party to occasionally also differ can.
thoseCDU/CSU party the characteristic in the CDU/CSU party it is appropriate
works on], represented in the German Bundestag, in the fact that she is formed by two parties. For Bavaria the CSU provides the listing and direct candidates, from the CDU becomes the candidates for the remaining Lands of the Federal Republic placed. In the Bundestag the delegates of the two parties unite to a parliamentary group. Their chairmen were:
- 1949 - 1955: Dr. Heinrich of Brentano
- 1955 - 1961: Dr. Heinrich crown
- 1961 - 1964: Dr. Heinrich of Brentano
- 1964 - 1973: Dr. RainerBarzel
- 1973 - 1976: Professor. Dr. Karl Carstens
- 1976 - 1982: Dr. Helmut Kohl
- 1982 - 1991: Dr. Alfred Dregger
- 1991 - 2000: Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble
- 2000 - 2002: Friedrich Merz
- 2002 - 2005: Dr. Angela Merkel
- since 2005: Peoples Kauder
Web left: CDU/CSU party in the German Bundestag
- 1949 - 1952: Dr. Briefly Schumacher
- 1952 - 1963: Erich Ollenhauer
- 1964 - 1967: Fritz Erler
- 1967 - 1969: Helmut Schmidt
- 1969 - 1983: Harsh ore Wehner
- 1983 - 1991: Dr. Hans yokes bird
- 1991 - 1994: Hans Ulrich Klose
- 1994 - 1998: Rudolf Scharping
- 1998 - 2002: Dr. Peter Struck
- 2002 : Ludwig Stiegler
- 2002 - 2005: Franz Müntefering
- since 2005: Dr. Peter Struck
Web left: SPD Bundestag faction
FDP parliamentary group
- 1949: Theodor Heuss
- 1949 - 1951: Hermann shepherd
- 1951 - 1952: August Martin Euler
- 1952 - 1953: Hermann shepherd
- 1953 - 1957: Dr. Thomas's Dehler
- 1957: Dr. Max Becker
- 1957 - 1963: Dr. Erich Mende
- 1963 - 1968: Knut baron von Kühlmann-Stumm
- 1968 - 1991: Wolfgang mix-nod
- 1990 - 1998: Dr. Hermann Otto Solms
- 1998 - May 2006: Dr. Wolfgang Gerhardt
- starting from May 2006 (of the parliamentary group designates): Dr. Guido Westerwelle
Web left: FDP Bundestag faction
parliamentary group of alliance90/DIE the GREEN
with the “Greens” gave it after the first introduction to the Bundestag 1983 first three equal faction speakers. Contrary to the other parties the offices were at first again occupied annually.Therefore first the respective faction speakers in yearly blocks are called.
After the Greens with the choice to the German Bundestag to 2. Decembers 1990 less than 5% reached and thus at the Fünfprozent-Klausel failed, which reached alliance 90 in the then new Lands of the Federal Republic however 6%and with eight delegates into the Bundestag, received these eight delegates drew in only the status of a group. Starting from 1994 the party, which was called now alliance 90/Die the Green, was again in parliamentary group strength represented. Since that time the two faction speakers usually become for the entire legislative periodselected.
faction speaker 1983 - 1990
- 1986 - 1987
group speaker 1990 - 1994
after the party with the choice to the German Bundestag to 2. Decembers 1990 less than 5% reached and thusbecause of the Fünfprozent-Klausel, which reaches and with 8 delegates into the Bundestag drew a party in then new Lands of the Federal Republic however the 6%, received these 8 delegates only the group status failed.
leader of the parliamentary group 1994 - today
the left/Party of Democratic Socialism parliamentary group
from 1990 to 1998 did not have the Party of Democratic Socialism parliamentary group status. Therefore it gave inthis period only one group speaker. Between 1998 to 2002 the Party of Democratic Socialism had for the first time parliamentary group status. Starting from 2002 the Party of Democratic Socialism had only two delegates (Petra Pau and Dr. Gesine Lötzsch). These belonged as a parliamentary groupless delegate the Bundestag on. Since 2005 are the left one.withDelegate of WASG and the left wing party. represent as a parliamentary group in the Bundestag.
Group speaker/leader of the parliamentary group:
- 1990 - 2000: Dr. Gregor Gysi
- 2000 - 2002: Roland Claus
- since 2005:
parliamentary group of the Bavaria party (BP)
parliamentary group of the German party (DP)
(since 1961 the German party is no longer in the Bundestag represented)
- 1949: Heinrich of light ways
- 1949: Friedrich blade
- 1950 - 1953: Hans's mill field
- 1953 - 1955: Dr. Hans Joachim of notice-corrode
- 1955 - 1957: Seriousness Christoph Brühler (after the fusion with the FVP together with Ludwig cutter up to the end of the electoral period)
- 1957 - 1961: Harsh ore cutter
parliamentary group of the Föderalisti union (FU)
(union of the parliamentary group of the Bavaria party and the central party of 1951 -1953 to receive with the goal, the parliamentary group status. Both parties placed in each case one of the two equal leaders of the parliamentary group.)
- to 1951 - 1953: Hugo Decker, of the Bavaria party
- 1951 - 1952: Helene Wessel, of the center
- 1952 - 1953: Otto Pannenbecker, of the center
parliamentary group of the all-German block of the refugees of homeland and Entrechteten (GB/BHE)
KPD parliamentary group
( the KPD - parliamentary group existed only in the 1. Electoral period)
parliamentary group of the economic structure combination (WAV)
center parliamentary group (Z)
(for the purpose of the receipt of the Fraktionsstatusses the center parliamentary group fused to 14. December 1951 with the parliamentary group of the Bavaria party for the parliamentary group of the Föderalisti union)