Parliamentary group (politics)
as a parliamentary group (in Austria: Club) one designates a freiwilligen union from delegates to the penetration of their political interests and goals in a parliament or other political committees, like z. B. a local council.
a parliamentary group form the political representatives,in the parliament the seat have and the same party to belong. There are parliamentary groups in nearly all parliamentary (Bundestag, Landesparlamente) and other agencies (z. B. Landscape federations, Kreistage, town councillors or - agencies). They receive a special status in Germany, with additionalis connected for parliamentary rights in accordance with the agenda; in addition it comes still that parliamentary groups receive usually financial allowances for their work. So that a grouping receives this parliamentary group status, is a minimum number of delegates and/or. Members prescribed (often 5% of the delegates), because the task of the parliamentary group in the coordinationfor the work it belonging members is appropriate and this task only with a certain minimum number of delegates results. These usually belong to a party , it can in addition, delegates of different parties to a parliamentary group community unite. Likewise is the admission of individual independent delegatesas guest students possible.
Basis for an efficient work from parliamentary groups is the party discipline. At many parliamentary groups placesitself these often as party discipline , D. h. the members must co-ordinate after before met agreements, although this actually contradicts the free mandate of the delegates embodied in the Basic Law.
With parliamentary group-damaging behavior a member can be excluded, which however is judicially verifiable. The selected authorized agent remainsthen as parliamentary groupless delegates in the parliament. A Parteiauschluss of a delegate does not entail automatically an exclusion from the parliamentary group.
In the German Bundestag additionally also the status exists as group for delegate unions below the parliamentary group strength to the parliamentary group status, which requires however the acknowledgment of the Bundestag.
See also: Austria both in the Austrian
five delegates one form Switzerland in the Swiss parliamentParliamentary group, whereby their members also different chambers (national and/or. Condition advice) to belong know. The most important task consists of sending members into the commissions. For the parliament enterprise the parliamentary groups and not the political parties are determining, which do not occur anywhere in the parliament laws.
Party disciplineis forbidden in Switzerland and can be exercised also in fact only little efficiently. The members of the parliamentary groups - above all those, which stand in the center of the political spectrum - make from this right move use. This is favoured by two factors:
- Itno sharp separation between government and opposition, there all parties for each individual case, depending upon lining up judgement on the main issue gives, for or against the point of view to the government decides.
- The switching system with lists of candidates, on which the voters after discretion candidates paint or them doublyspecify (cumulate) and/or. also candidates of other parties by Panaschieren to distinguish can, lead to the fact that the finally selected delegates have a strong support with the voters and depend less therefore on the grace of their party.