François Joseph Gossec

François Joseph Gossec (also: Gaussé, Gossé, would pour or Gossez; * 17. January 1734 in Vergnies in hen gau, Belgium; † 16. February 1829 in Passy with Paris, France) was a Belgian-French composer and musician.

Table of contents

life

it worked Belgium at the age of 6 years as a choir boy at the pin church of Walcourt ( with Charleroi) , and later in pc. Aldegonde Maubeuge, Belgium also. There it stepped the chapel of pc. Peter , whose director of music Jean Vanderbelen was. From him he received the first instructions for violin, piano, harmony teachings and composition. 1742 it was accepted to the choir of the cathedral Notre Dame of Antwerp and received with André Joseph Blavier further instruction. In this new environment it felt well, however completely lost the contact to its family. Also during its round trip for the performance of its operas 1792 and 1793 in released Belgium he did not have a contact with his parents or brothers and sisters. it went to 1751 with a recommendation letter to Jean Philippe Rameau to Paris, which smells de la Pouplinierès at the time orchestra leader of the private orchestra of the general tenant Alexandre Joseph Le was.

it occurred 1754 the private chapel of the general tenant La Poupeliniere , whose conductor was Rameau.

After Rameau 's death made Gossec acquaintance with its for successors Johann Stamitz. Stamitz made Gossec familiar with the achievements of the Mannheimer school: homophonen Orchestersymphonien and impressing dynamic effects as well as with the clarinets, Bassethörnern valuable for it and other wind instruments.

1758 he married the singer Marie Elizabeth Georges. A son Alexandre François Joseph Gossec was born 1760.

Gossec composed chamber music and then Symphonien. The first 6 Symphonien published it 1756 as opus 3. With 25 years it decided to compose an enormous work a Requiem - Grand fair of the Morts. In May 1760 experienced these 90 minutes continuing dead fair their premiere in the Eglise Jacobine in the Rue pc. - Jacques in Paris and made Gossec famous over night.

1762 to 1769 he took over the line of the chapel of the prince von Condé Louis Joseph de Bourbon to Chantilly and from 1766 additionally the line of the chapel of the prince von Conti Louis François de Bourbon. With these orchestras it brought it to large reputation. With its stage works it did not have much luck, on the one hand because of the bad Libretti, on the other hand dominated its contemporaries André Ernest Modeste Grétry and Christoph Willibald luck this field.

From 1769 to on 1773 he was a director of the orchestra Concert of the amateur, which dedicated itself to the performance of contemporary works, and in completely Europe fast large fame attained. Between 1773 and 1777 he was together with Simon Leduc and Pierre Gaviniès also a director of the Concert Spirituel and used with it all registers its own works and those of its friends to hearing to bring. it received the title to 1775 „maître de la musique “

since 1778 worked it to the Academie de Musique first as a choir conductor and since 1780 as a second director. Since 1784 it led the again created École de chant. A further kompositorischer milestone was that width unit Deum of 1779, which developed from cause of the pregnancy of Marie Antoinette (Maria Antonia Josepha of having castle Lorraine).

Gossec showed up despite its support for many years by noble Mäzene enthusiastically by the ideas of the French Revulution. 1790 composed Gossec a further of width unit Deum for man choir and blowing orchestra for the federation ceremony on the Champ de Mars to 14. July.

When 1795 the famous Conservatoire de Musique were created, became common him with Jean François Lesueur, Étienne Nicolas Méhul, Luigi Cherubini and André Ernest Modeste Grétry the inspection that of institute transfer.

The extremely productive Gossec became the official composer of the French republic and wrote numerous representative works for the festivenesses of the revolution time; its Marche lugubre on the death of Mirabeau of September 1790 was as it were the standard work for the revolution ceremonies.

work overview

of works for orchestra

  • 1760 Requiem - Grande fair of the Morts
    1. Introduzione: Grave
    2. Introitus: Grave
    3. of width unit Decet Hymnus: Allegro moderato
    4. Exaudi: Largo
    5. Requiem Aeternam: Grave
    6. Fuga: Lux Perpetua -- Sequentia:
    7. This Irae: Grave maestoso
    8. tuba Mirum: Grave - Allegretto.
    9. Mors Stupebit: Allegro
    10. Quid Sum of bad: Lento
    11. of record acres: Largo
    12. inter Oves: Allegretto
    13. Grave
    14. Confutatis: Allegro molto
    15. Oro Supplex: Grave
    16. Lacrimosa: -- (Grave)
    17. Iudicandus: Grave
    18. Pie Jesu/Amen: Andante -- Offertorium
    19. Vado Et Non Revertar: Largo
    20. Spera in Deo: Largo
    21. Cedant Hostes: Allegro
    22. Sanctus: Maestoso
    23. Pie Jesu: Largo
    24. Agnus Dei: Moderato
    25. post office Communionem: Allegretto
    26. Requiem Aeternam - Fuga: Et lux Perpetua: Grave
  • 1774 Symphony in F major
  • 1775 Symphony in D major
  • 1776 Symphony in C major
  • 1777 Symphony in D major
  • 1791 Invocation - chantée pour la translation cendres de Voltaire of the outer Panthéon à la station de l'Opera le 11. juillet 1791
  • Dernière measures vivants
  • the Missa pro Defunctis
  • symphony E flat major opus 5 No. 2
  • Symphonie à grand orchestre “La Chasse” D major opus 13 No. 3
    1. Grave maestoso - Allegro
    2. Allegretto poco allegro
    3. Minuetto
    4. speed caccia
  • the Sinfonia à più stromenti, C-moll
    1. Allegro
    2. Minuetto gratioso
    3. Fugato

of works for blowing orchestra

  • 1790 width unit Deum for 3-stimmigen of man choirs and blowing orchestra
  • 1790 Le Chant you 14 Juillet (the song of 14. July, Revolutionshymne) for 3-stimmigen man choir and blowing orchestra
  • 1793 - 1794 Symphonie pour Musique Militaire
    1. Allegro maestoso
    2. Pastorale larghetto
    3. Allegro
  • 1793 Marche lugubre
  • 1793 Symphonie concertante D major you clench “Mirza”
    1. Allegro
    2. Adagio
    3. Rondo allegro
  • 1794 Chœur patriotique for 3-stimmigen man choir and blowing orchestra - text: Voltaire
  • 1794 Chœur à la liberté for mixed choir and blowing orchestra - text: Marie Joseph Chénier
  • 1794 hymn à l'Être Suprème for Soli, choir and blowing orchestra
  • 1809 Symphony in F major “Symphonie à 17 of parties”
  • Aux Manes de la Gironde for soloists, mixed choir and blowing orchestra
  • Chant funèbre sur aluminium mort de Ferraud singers, man choir and blowing orchestra
  • Chœur patriotique for 3-stimmigen man choir and blowing orchestra - text: Jean Antoine Roucher
  • Domine Salvum for 3-stimmigen of man choirs and blowing orchestra
  • Marche religieuse
  • hymn à Voltaire - hymn sur la translation you corps de Voltaire outer Panthéon - text: Marie Joseph Chénier
  • hymn funèbre
  • hymn à la nature for mixed choir and blowing orchestra - text: Varon
  • (hymn without titles) for mixed choir and blowing orchestra
  • hymn A Jean Jacques Rousseau for singers and blowing orchestra
  • hymn A Humanité for mixed choir and blowing orchestra
  • hymn à la liberté - text: Caron
  • hymn à la liberté - text: Varon
  • hymn à la statue de la liberté - text: Varon
  • hymn A victoire victoire for soloists, mixed
  • choir and blowing orchestra hymn, de for mixed choir and blowing orchestra hymn pour la
  • celebariton, pour la 14 Juillet - text: Marie Joseph Chénier
  • L'Offrande à la Liberté (Revolutionshymne)
  • La Marseillaise (French national anthem) for 3-stimmigen man choir and blowing orchestra
  • Marche funèbre
  • Marche vitorieuse
  • Marche for 2 small flutes, 2 clarinets, trumpet, 2 horns in F, 2 bassoons and Serpent
  • Marche for 2 small flutes, 2 clarinets, trumpet in F, 2 horns in F, 2 bassoons un Serpent
  • national one ronde - text: Marie Joseph Chénier
  • Peuple, éveille toi (Revolutionshymne)
  • Symphonie in C

Oratorien and stage works

  • 1765 Le of tonnelier opera
  • 1766 Les Pêcheurs opera
  • 1767 Toinon et Toinette opera
  • 1767 Le double Déguisement opera
  • 1768 Les Agréments d'Hylas et Silvie opera
  • Alexis et Daphné
  • La Nativité Oratorium


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)