François Mitterrand

François Mitterrand
Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl think of the dead ones of both world wars together in Verdun.

François Maurice Mitterrand [fʀɑ̃ˈswa mɔˈʀis mitɛˈʀɑ̃] (* 26. October 1916 in Jarnac, Charente; † 8. January 1996 in Paris)was a French politician.

He was selected 1981 and 1988 to the French president and had this office up to 17. May 1995 .

After conclusion of its study 1939 Mitterrand was called up into the military. During the Second World War it turned out 1940 into German shank. 1941 succeeded to it the escape from the base camp IX (today Trutzhain). After it had returned to France, it followed the Résistance, the French resistance against the German crew. Since 1943 was itMember of the government-in-exile and it belonged starting from 1944 Charles de Gaulles to provisional government. Between 1947 and 1957 he held different ministerial positions. 1952, 1953 and 1956/1957 he was a Minister of State, 1954/1955 Ministers of the Interior and 1956/1957 Ministers of Justice.

In the French state crisis (1958) it placed itself against Charles de Gaulle, although it was called its Algeria politics. From 1959 to 1962 he was a senator again and starting from 1962 delegates of the French national assembly.

Mitterrandde la Gauche Démocrate was et Socialiste and provoked as their candidate Charles de Gaulle in the presidency election of 1965 from 1965 to 1968 of chairmen of the Fédération. In the necessary ballot it was subject de Gaulle.

Starting from 1971 it satforwards and 1972 formed de la Gauche for the again constituted portion of Socialiste Français together with the communists the alliance union. Mitterrand was subject with the presidency elections of 1974 only scarcely. To 10. May 1981 it could finally succeed andbecame fourth president of the fifth French republic. At the same time it was thereby first French head of state from the numbers of the socialists.

it interspersed 1988 in a ballot against Jacques Chirac and for a second term of office was thus confirmed.

AsPresident so e.g. left numerous architectural traces in Paris to Mitterrand. the gläserne pyramid in the inner court of the Louvre, the new national library Bibliothèque national de France and Institut of the Arab world Institut you moons Arabe.

It separated 1995after two periods condition in accordance with from the office, its successor became Jacques Chirac. It died 1996 at a Prostatakrebserkrankung, which had its beginning already before its assumption of office in the year 1981.

From the marriage with his Mrs. Danièle Gouze (called Danielle)the sons Gilbert and Jean Christophe came out ; in addition Mitterrand has still another daughter, Mazarine Pingeot (* 1974), which its except-conjugal relationship with Anne Pingeot come of and which it recognized only in the year 1984.

honours

literature

  • François Mitterrand: The victory of the rose (French original title:Ici et maintenant). Econ publishing house, Duesseldorf 1981.ISBN 3-430-16759-0
  • François Mitterrand and Elie weasel: Mémoire à deux voix. Jacob, Paris 1995. ISBN 2-7381-0283-2
  • Michel March in Roland (Hrsg.): IL faut more laisser le temps outer temps: les mots de François Mitterrand.OD. Hors Collection, Paris 1995.ISBN 2-258-04029-9
  • François Mitterrand and George it Marks of Benamou: Mémoires interrompus. Jacob, Paris 1996. ISBN 2-7381-0402-9
  • Serge Berstein, Pierre Milza and Jean Louis Bianco, Les Années Mitterrand, les années you changement, Paris, éd. Perrin, 2001
  • Franz Olivier Giesbert: François Mitterrand: une vie. éd. you Seuil, Paris 1996. ISBN 2-02-029760-4
  • Ali Magoudi: Rendezvous: La psychanalyse de François Mitterrand. ISBN 2350040380
  • stroke ore Védrine: Les of moon de François Mitterrand. A l'Élysée, 1981 - 1995. Fayard, Paris1996.ISBN 2-213-59621-2
  • Tilo T/plate ore, as world history is made. France and the German unit, Stuttgart, Klett Cotta, 2002; Mitterrand et la réunification allemande. Une histoire secrète. 1981-1995, Paris, éd. Grass set, 2005

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