Francis Harry Compton Crick COM (* 8. June 1916 in Northampton, England; † 28. July 2004 in San Diego, the USA) was an English physicist and biochemist and discovered together with James Watson the molecular structure of the Desoxyribonukleinsäure (DNS, English: DNA).
Crick had locked 1937 at the University college in London a physics study. It was in the meantime active for the British navy and worked on magnetic and acoustic naval mines. Starting from 1947 it studied additionally biology and dedicated themselves for many years, but unsuccessfully at the Cavendish laboratory of the University of Cambridge its Graduation. It concerned itself with the X-ray-crystallographic investigation of the hemoglobin molecule, when the American biochemist James Watson pushed 1951 to it and made themselves both to decode the structure of the DNA. To 28. It both had created February 1953, the interested science into present spatial model of the DNA Doppelhelix, which was based on Roentgen diffraction data of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins. This model attains world-famousness and has to today validity. 1955 presented its “adapters Hypothesis” to Francis, which meant, a to date unknown structure the amino acids to their destinationbrings and there correctly linked (today know we, this are tRNA as adapter molecule).1962 received Crick, Wilkins and Watson for their spatial model of the DNA to the Nobelpreis for medicine. Rosalind Franklin, whose contributed research results substantially to the decoding of the DNA structure, was already 1958died.
At the high age Crick at its own Institut in the California La Jolla at a large challenge, the attempt tried, to solve and explain by a comprehensive theory the nature of the spirit. It is to be also owed to it that this question to the legitimateThe subject of the natural science became. Thus it postulated 1990 that now the time would be ripe to tackle the mystery of the human spirit scientifically. Humans, „your joys, and suffering, its memories, its goals, your sense for your own identity and free will -all that it concerns in reality only the behavior of an enormous accumulation of nerve cells and pertinent molecules “, formulated themselves it in its 1994 book “which published the soul is real”.
It died to 28. July 2004 at the age of 88 years at intestine cancer.
- James D. Watson: The Doppelhelix, Rowohlt TB, 1997, ISBN 3499602555 (descriptive and excitingly written history of the discovery of the Doppelhelix)
- Francis Crick, which the soul is real, Rowohlt TB, 1997, ISBN 3499602571
Web on the left of
| | * Literatureof and over Francis Crick in the catalog of the DDB
- Letters ton nature: Molecular structure OF Nucleic Acids (original publication of Watson and Crick to the DNA structure 1953)
- The Crick PAPER - Explore at on-line showcase OF PAPERs from Francis Crick's of archives (English)
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of English physicists and biochemists and Mitentdecker of the molecular structure of the Desoxyribonukleinsäure|
|DATE OF BIRTH||8. June 1916|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Northampton, England|
|DYING DATE||28. July 2004|
|DYING PLACE||San Diego, the USA|