Franconia (people)

to Franconias (literal: the free ones) in the ethnologischen sense one usually counts the westGermanic trunks


table of contents

historical one outline

since approximately 200 n. Chr. began themselves some the small westGermanic trunks alongthe Roman border, for instance the Usipiter, Tenkterer, Sugambrer and Brukterer to unite to a larger master federation which called itself as “Franconias” (= the free ones, bold ones). Franconias became for the first time around 250 n. Chr. as Francii of, on the occasion of one of its many raids over the border into the Roman province Gallien mentions Roman sources inside.

During the people migration these trunks penetrated into areas, which are assigned today to the Frankish linguistic area (region Franconia in north Bavaria and north Württemberg, south Thuringia,Hessen, north bathing, Rhineland-Palatinate, the northern Elsass, Lorraine, Saarland, Luxembourg, the Rhine country, the German-language areas of east Belgium, the Niederrhein, Limburg, Holland, sea-country, Brabant as well as Flanders). See in addition also late ancient times.

At the beginning 5. Century was the center of the Franconia settlements inand around Cologne. In the year 420 (after many later and unreliable sources) duke Pharamond with its trailers crossed the Rhine direction the west and justified thereby those, in the following centuries still important, division of Franconias into the western Salfrankenand eastern Rhine Franconias. The archaeological sources point toward it to a first peaceful, gradual admission in the Roman Gallien, where them as laeti and/or. foederati were settled. The course of Franconias after southwest became probably also by the migrationthat Saxonia (people) released to England around 450 over the today's Netherlands coast and appropriate conflicts with the Frankish inhabitants.

The great power Franconias became by conquests of the Merowingers Chlodwig I.(approx. 500 n. Chr.), that successively the nordgallischeRichly the Syagrius, which defeated Alamannen and the Westgoten and put thus the border forward of the Franconia realm up to the Pyreneeses. Crucially also the crossing was Chlodwigs, and with it widened parts of its people, to the catholic Christianity. Its sons set itsConquests away, by attaching Burgund and the Thüringerreich the Franconia realm, so that their realm essentially the areas of today's western Germany, which covered Beneluxstaaten and France. Chlothar I.combined again the Franconia realm, among its sons came itthen to the education the Frankish partial realms Austrasien and Neustrien, which anticipated the later division in (contract of Verdun 843), which to the emergence of the States of France and Germany (German linguistic area) led, whereby the political borders into those Modern times mostly no dialect borders (language borders) were.

today's one outline

in large parts of France and the rather romanisch--celtic coined/shaped south part of Belgium (Wallonie) went itself the Frankish language lost, there differently than here in the German settlement areaonly isolates Franconia established, the gallo Roman population remained thus in the majority. Therefore the old French finally became generally accepted . Only the name France (France) remained for other Frankish leaning words as Relikt apart from approximately one hundred, particularly from the military-technicalRange and the color name for Braun=brun, Blau=bleu, in which receive old-French language. Of the Frankish culture only few remained, among other things the “Frankish farmstead “. However one knows the theory William Pesslers, according to which “races” itself in typicalDesigns manifest quite doubt, since the research on housing showed that rural designs were already dominated since the late Middle Ages by obrigkeitliche construction specifications and regional-typical building methods no expression of Ethnizität, but of penetrating national rule are even.

Those, those today those Frankish dialects (German dialect, of the Rhine country over Hessen and Pfalz until Franconias in Bavaria) do not speak, call themselves other one than Bavaria, Swabia and (down) Saxonia, which resumed the old names, even no more than Franconias, only in that Region Franconia, part of the Bavarian Free State. That is connected probably with the fact that the Frankish linguistic area formed not around a center, but itself in the above mentioned. Belt across the German settlement area extends (e). Thus they became with the time by differentPrincipalities politically and gradually also culturally from each other separated.

literature

  • Erich Zöllner: History of Franconias up to the center 6. Century, on the basis of the work of Ludwig Schmidt under co-operation of Joachim Werner againworked on, Munich 1970.Standard work.
  • Franconias. Wegbereiter of Europe. 5. to 8. Century. Mainz, 1997. - 2. durchges. and suppl. Aufl.

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