Franconia mountain (Eder)
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Hessen|
|district:||Forest hitting a corner Franconia mountain|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 04 ' N, 08° 48 ' O 51° 04 ' N, 08° 48 ' O
|surface:||124.87 km ²|
|inhabitants:||19.277 (31. December2004)|
|Population density:||154 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:||35066|
|municipality key:||06 6 35 011|
of the local administration:
| Upper market 7 - 13|
35066 Franconia mountain
|mayor:||Christian Engelhardt (CDU)|
Franconia mountain to the Eder (Frankenberg/Eder)a medium-sized town is in the district forest hitting a corner Franconia mountain in Hessen, Germany.
The mountain at a ford over the Eder north the castle forest was for a long time a fastened place, particularly under Franconias played it in the Saxonia wars a role. The today's city Franconia mountain became 1233/1234 of the Thuringian land count build and attained due to its situation at the crossover of two trade routes fast economic meaning. With a fire to 9. May 1476, over which the Frankenberger chronicler TIG and Gerstenberg provided a specification, was nearly completely destroyed the city. In 16. Century again developed, attained it however never again their earlier meaning.
The city center consists of the reorganized old part of town and the likewise reorganized new city with numerous half timbered houses.
Table of contents
of the Vorzeit until today
at the foot of the mountain, on thatthe city Franconia mountain was established, crossed two old army and trade routes. From the area of the lower Main the crying race (car route ) came, crossed over a ford the Eder and continued to go over the heights on the left of the river to Westphalia from the castle forest. Of the westthe Siegener road came over the Lahn Eder Wasserscheide and led, the mountain north going around, further into the down-hessian area. Even if the events of the Vorzeit lie in the dark, then one may assume nevertheless that the controlling mountain at the middle Eder for the development a powerful positionin this area always a preferential role played.
Franconia time. After the hessian area had been included around the year 500 into the Frankish sphere of influence, that attained well which can be defended mountain in the arguments with that north the Eder resident Saxonia a increased military meaning.It was already promptly fastened by Franconias. As however at the beginning 8. Century the ideas that Saxonia increased, let Karl Martell strong attachment plants establish and them by a constant crew to secure.
These served during the Saxonia wars (772 to 804) as basis for thoseFrankish counter attacks far in the Saxonia country inside, whereby the crying race attained new meaning as advance, binding and supply road. After subjecting and Christianisierung that Saxonia redundantly became the fortress. Those the purge of abandoned buildings kept the memory of Franconias awake over centuries.
Establishment of the city. Whether the mountain was further inhabited, cannot be determined with security to no more. Perhaps here still camp and commercial centres for pulling through travelers and buyers were in the coming centuries. Only in the first decades 13. Century stepped the “Franconia mountain” again into thatLight of history. The Thuringian-hessian land counts tried to make between their down and upper-hessian possessions the county Ziegenhain which is under evasion between them a connection.
The Mainzer of archbishops through-crossed this intention, by shifting their sphere of influence from the west into the Wohratal. There the land count gotfrom Thuringia to a crucial counterstroke out. Since the Franconia mountain had changed over 1122 to it, it left 1233/34 on it, in the middle in the Main-hissed county battery mountain, on the border between the court districts Röddenau and Geismar, a castle and further a city, all objections to thatestablish neighbouring basic gentlemen ignoring. On the outermost point of the mountain tongue dropping steeply after three sides developed a castle, which controlled the whole middle Edertal. These a fore-castle followed, those at the same time the church range umschloss. Behind it became direct after exact plans, like thatCity plan proves, the city developed.
The back of the mountain and the part dropping northward covered the large market place; the division in two parts of the place, at whose western end the city hall was established, possibly took place only later. One recognizes the intention, the mountain city not only tooto make a strong bastion to give but her also - the most favorable traffic conditions using - an economic weight. The inhabitant shank of the new city consisted of the inhabitants of the surrounding villages and Weiler, which were resettled or also voluntarily their old dwellings left.
Thus 16 settlements became wild in the course of the time, whose name away-lives to a large extent in corridor designations. Franconia mountain was surrounded already soon with a powerful wall. From the 25 towers and gates of the old part of town still the “witch tower” is received at the eastern side; the five city gates however are disappeared.
Bloom time. The new community grew up fast, supported by a healthy buyer and craftsman class. It was an indication of the increasing prosperity that one already 1286, after the church dependence on Geismar was waived with the building of a large Marienkirche, which began today's dear woman church,their model the evenly finished Elizabeth church in Marburg was. The Frankenberger of buyers maintained spacious trade relations, about which beside the weekly markets the four fairs give certification. The economic upswing promoted also a fast cultural upward development. Already in 13. Century had Franconia mountain a city school (latin school), those around 1500their largest bloom time experienced. To the 1353 completed church was cultivated 1370 to 1380 the Marienkapelle, a masterpiece of the Thyle of Franconia mountain.
Establishment of the new city. Constant increasing of the population made an enlargement of the city necessary, and so became on lnitiative of the land countin the year 1335 at the foot of the mountain after the Eder the new city based. It developed for the old part of town along the Siegener road (trade route), had its own administration, was subordinate however judicially and church and possessed no own market place. Only 1556 became it with the old part of townto a community combines.
The large fire and its consequences. To 9. May 1476 broke a fire off, which the entire old part of town and new city fell to the victim. Also the dear woman church burned out completely. Although the citizens tackled the reconstruction immediately, recoveredFranconia mountain, which ranked at that time among the most important hessian cities, never again completely of this fire disaster. In the year 1507 burned besides the half new city again down. The seat of the office Franconia mountain, since the first half 14. Century existed and the urban districts of Franconia mountain andFrankenau as well as the half court Geismar covered, into the hunting seat built again at the place of an old water castle Wolkersdorf were shifted. Thereby developed the office Wolkersdorf, to which the lower courts Röddenau (with the attached courts Rengershausen and bromine churches) and the court Geismar (the “Ämmetche”) belonged. Onlyin 16. Century developed for office Franconia mountain, into the monastery George mountain, the yard Rodenbach and the wine cellar meadow field former except the city was united and the 1604 with the office Wolkersdorf was combined.
Franconia mountain in 16. , 17. and 18. Century. In 16.Century was again developed the city. Around 1240 “stone house” only builds the fire up to the attic had gotten over. With the building of the new magnificent city hall, which represents today still the landmark of the city, 1509 were begun. After the year 1526 became, as inthe remaining parts of Hessen, also in Franconia mountain by the Prediger Ludwig Stippius and Caspar Tholde the reformation aforementioned. The reform of the church forced under land count Moritz 1606 is responsible for the destruction of the Apostel and holy figures in the church and to the Marienkapelle. In plague yearsbetween 1529 and 1611 the Marburger university looked for five times refuge in the walls of Franconia mountain.
The dreissigjährige war (1618 to 1648) struck the city heavy wounds. The economically favorable situation of the city at the intersection of two army roads you, as even in later wars, became the calamity. Pulling one throughTroops of both war-prominent sides as well as a longer occupation by imperial troops caused immeasurable damage to the city. In the proximity of the city, on which “dead height” found, in the year 1646 combat between troops of Hessen darmstadt and Hessen Kassel, strengthened by Swedish troops, whereby thosethe latter victory carried off.
Franconia mountain up to the First World War. In the French time (1806 to 1813) the seat of a canton of the who RA department was in the kingdom Westphalia in Franconia mountain. lm years 1821 Franconia mountain district town of the again formed circle Franconia mountain became, from the formerOffices Franconia mountain, Hessen stone, Rosenthal and Haina as well as the court four-flowing existed. The circle advice, since 1834 land advice, had its seat in the monastery pc. George mountain. Franconia mountain had down-sunk to an insignificant field citizen small town. Its economical supports were, like already in the Middle Ages, the Tuchmacher and the Gerber. During approximatelyEnd 18. Century the wanting and Tuchmacherzunft 106 and the Lohgerberzunft of 46 members had, rose up to the center 19. Century the Tuchmacherzunft on 140 members on. The red and white tannery experienced a new bloom. Beside the remaining guilds, there was at that time also oneSock weber and hand shoemaker guild. In the second half of the century then however a noticeable economic decrease became apparent, also in the numbers of inhabitants expresses itself (1787 = 2611, 1867 = 3163 and 1894 = 2787 inhabitants).
From 1590 to 1818 became copper and with Franconia mountainSilbererz won and smelts. In the course 19. Century different attempts were undertaken to set the mine enterprise again on but 1875 it was finally adjusted. The witnesses of the earlier mining industry are still visible between Franconia mountain and Geismar. Also the names “old person hut”, “new hut”and “bill house” remind of it.
Only the connection of Franconia mountain to the Eisenbahnnetz introduced a new, although modest, economic upswing. 1890 were opened the distance Marburg Franconia mountain, what caused the brothers Thonet from Vienna to it, in the proximity of the station, supported by the wood wealth of the area,to base a chair factory. Ten years later the distance was continued over basket oh after being castle, whereby the connection was made to Westphalia. 1908 could be finished the distance after Bestwig and 1910 after Berleburg.
The water supply of the city originally took place via public and privateWell. After the large fire of 1476 one furnished a hydraulic architecture in the year 1502 additionally in the Niedermühle, by which Ederwasser, by a Mühlrad in the Eder, was propelled carried into the old part of town and distributed in Kümpe. 1899 were built a public water supply plant. In place ofthe Ederwassers now spring water from the pond area in the pond mill with water power of the Nemphe was carried and additionally with engine strength into an elevated tank on the castle mountain and distributed from there into the individual houses. 1913 was added the Gernshäuser sources, their water in the freeDownward gradient this very day into the lower city runs. In the year 1903 into the urban building “Niedermühle” a turbine was built, which was operated by Ederwasser. With this turbine and a suction gas engine (60 HP) direct current for the first electrical light in Franconia mountain was produced. In the coursethe general electrification of north Hessen the current supply was guaranteed by cross-country cables of the PREAG in the year 1921 with alternating current.
1871 took place the measurement and mapping of the Frankenberger Gemarkung. The interconnection was taken in the nineties in attack and completed 1904. The economic recovery before the First World Warpressed itself out in the again rising numbers of inhabitants - in the year 1908 3,314 inhabitants lived in Franconia mountain. Now the city began to exceed their border marked existing since the establishment by the Stadtmauer. 1890 became the station and the chair factory Thonet and a little later thosenew post office behind the district administration office built. In the year 1900 the savings bank building before the Geismarer gate developed. 1903 the district court and 1905 the teacher seminar with seminar exercise school followed; today is there the High School (Edertalschule). 1913 developed the city school (local mountain school). 1905 became before the Linnertor thoseIsraeli school built.
An economic and cultural stagnation was caused by the First World War. Also during the Second World War, except some settlement houses in the Ederdorf and unite around and extension buildings found, in the city Franconia mountain no substantial changes instead of. Also an urban extension (144 hectars), inan appraisal over the gau Franconia mountain of the research establishment for the German housing association in the office for realm gentleman place 1914 recommended was eastern of the cemetery, one did not carry out (partial today's development area).
The time of the Weimar Republic and the national socialism. From the consequences of the First World War recoveredthe city only slowly. Monetary depreciation and economic fall led to a new emigration wave, particularly to overseas. In the year 1922 received the city with the establishment of the structure school (starting from 1925 „Edertalschule “) its own High School. The upswing using after the end of the inflation in the autumn 1923,that among other things in the settlement of the chair factory Stoelcker (1925) to the expression came, continued not for a long time. The world economic crisis met the structure-weak and high-indebted city hard. In view of rising unemployment and social emergency the propaganda of the NSDAP fell here, like nearly everywhere in the circle, since end that20's on fruitful soil, which reflected itself in the election results. After the seizure of power of the national socialists in January 1933 the political and social life became coordinated also in Franconia mountain. Roads were renamed - in such a way at the beginning of of April 1933 already decided the town council, the stone lane in „Adolf Hitler road “,the Röddenauer road in „Hermann Göring road “and the Untermarkt in „Hindenburg place “to rename -, and the population, above all the youth, was infected with the Nazi ideology.
Most badly it met the Jewish population, who - always discriminations and Drangsalierungen suspended - pursues starting from 1933 systematically, entrechtetand finally one murdered. Fortunately most could leave the Frankenberger Jew Germany promptly enough. Those, which remained, because they either money or no relatives abroad did not have or whereupon trusted that them nothing would happen, became up to 1942 all in extermination camps deportiert.At least eight Jews from Franconia mountain and three from the today's quarter Röddenau are the race illusion of the Nazis to the victim please. Since 1988 a Gedenktafel reminds in the Rathausschirn of the Jewish municipality of Franconia mountain and the victims of the Nazi rule.
In the Second World War the city remained ofdirect war effects to a large extent spares. With two air raids in March 1945 on the station however more than 90 humans died. In August 1944 a armed forces military hospital was shifted from Grodno to Franconia mountain and in the areas of the Edertalschule, the city school at the local mountain and the district courtaccommodated. The invasion of the Americans to 29. March 1945 met on no resistance. 285 men from Franconia mountain did not return from the war.
Franconia mountain after the Second World War. With the stream of refugees after the Second World War the number of inhabitants of the city Franconia mountain rose precipitously around 2.000Inhabitant on. Required numerous construction site extensions.
Already before the currency reform 1948 the district Franconia mountain had begun with the building of the district hospital at the pouring mountain, which in the meantime a sister school and a nurses' hostel at the beginning of the 70's were added. 1975 were extended the hospital and are in the meantime onemodern Hessen hospital become.
Since 1962 Frankenherg is garrison town. In the years 1962/63 the problem of the sewage disposal was solved by the building of a purification plant, which was extended 1978. The rising water requirement became by drilling of Tiefbrunnen, the building of drinking water high containers and a pumping plant and thatrising electricity need by the transfer of new 20-kV-Ringleitungen and by the building of new Transforinatorenstationen secured. The existing schools (local mountain school, Edertalschule, castle forest school) were extended to modern schools and again provided in the Wermersdorf the TIG and Gerstenberg-school. The circle vocational school, the 1950 still in a barrack on the sports field at thatEder was accommodated, at the beginning of the 60's at the Marburger road was again built and to an efficient professional training center with Technical High School and specialized high school for engineerings extended. In proximity of the Geismarer road the Friedrich comfort school (school for learn-obstructed) was built for 1970. Out of it at the beginning of the 80's wentYears the cone mountain school (school for practically picture-cash) out. End of the 70's developed at the cone mountain a workshop for handicapped ones and a integrativer kindergarten in the working group of the life assistance work.
In the Aue in the 60's an industrial area was opened and extended again and again, in thatsome substantial new enterprises to be settled could. Thereby a stabilization of the resource and an improvement of the economic structure of the city Franconia mountain occurred. Also into the Aue a new disaster control center, all this was furnished to the disaster control serving mechanisms, like fire-brigade - local and over-local part -,Disaster control, technical welfare organization and German red cross resident.
1967 were built a new indoor swimming pool in direct proximity of the park plant at the pond way and attached in the year 1972 an open-rir swimming pool with Minigolfanlage. In the context of the regional reorganization freiwilliger were arranged basis of 12 villages in the years 1970/71 onthe city on. The city became larger thereby from 2.736 hectares to 12.518 hectares and the number of inhabitants rose from 9.397 to 15.263 inhabitants. 1974 had to deliver the earlier district town Franconia mountain the administrative seat on due to the local reorganisation in Hessen basket oh: at the 1. January 1974 becameBasket oh district town of the new circle forest hitting a corner Franconia mountain, which from the two circles Franconia mountain and forest-hit a corner came out.
The post office built in the 70's a new post office to the Sudetenstrasse and a telecommunication office at the Marburger road with a transmitting tower, for that by its height with the towerinto competition steps the dear woman church.
The Ederberglandhalle, in time to the Hessen day 1989 finished, is today center of the cultural life of the city.
The strongest influence on Franconia mountain town development had with resolution of the Stadtverordnetenversammnlung in front 10. August 1967 introduced town redevelopment for the historical historic town centre (16 hectars) andthe historical new town centre (8 hectars). The reorganization of the old part of town and the new city with the building of multi-storey car parks and the mechanism of the pedestrian precinct did not change the picture of the town centre always for its advantage. To the 100 framework constructions and through not always new buildings successful were nevertheless torn offreplaced. The reorganization contributed on the other hand to a substantial improvement of the economic situation of the city. Franconia mountain became a purchase city, city-strolls and attendance of the old part of town like the new city in-loaded.
history of the Stadt-Wappens
the today common coat of arms of the city Franconia mountaingoes back on the small city seal (secretion seal) at a document of the monastery pc. George mountain of 2. July 1325 (first occurrence). The seal picture shows a crowned growing from a three-mountain, double swan goats hessian lions (see: Coat of arms animal). Already in 14. Century appears thisSeal character also as coats of arms and banners: In blue from golden three-mountain increasing the white-red touched hessian, crowned lion. After verbal excessive quantity the three-mountain is to refer to the castle mountain, the pouring mountain and the Hinstürz.
In the year 1644 the city Franconia mountain left two small - todaystill existing - city seals (secretion seal, coat of arms) of different size cut, which in each case show, the crowned lion growing from the three-mountain.
- As coat of arms the city leadsFranconia mountain a red-white touched, golden crowned lion growing from a three-mountain in blue field.
- The city colors are blue white.
- The official city flag shows the Stadtwappen in the center of the lengthwise-touched blue-white Fahnentuches.
- As seal the representation of the city becomes Franconia mountain (Eder) with wall, gate and fiveTowers led.
- Hans Joachim of Brockhusen: The national emblems of the city Franconia mountain. - In: Homeland calendar for the circle Frankenberg-Eder,1950, S. 53-56.
- Heinz Brandt: Seal and coat of arms of the city Franconia mountain. Town-gate, wall and lion. - In: Our Frankenberger country 16, 1990, No. 9 of the 3. November 1990.
- Jürgen of Romans: The city Franconia mountain to the Eder (DKV Kunstführer, No. 538). Munich/Berlin 1999
Objects of interest
- the dear woman church (1286 to 1380), a gothical building following the Marburger Elizabeth church), which 1476 burned out completely.
- Former hospital church. 1513-15 builds. Einschiffiger building with Holzgewölbe of 1865. Inside a pulpit of the end 17. Jh.
- The former monastery pc. George mountain (several building phases from 1249 to 17. Jh.) Today the former Cistercian monastery accommodates among other things the circle local history museum.
- The 10-türmige city hall (1509) between upper and Untermarkt. The first city hall was torn off 1421, in order to build the predecessor of the today's city hall.This second city hall already had ten towers, which represent the ten at that time local resident guilds. The today's city hall is a reconstruction after the model of the second city hall, which 1476 burned down likewise completely.
- Stone house, horse market 20. Around 1240 establishes. The probably oldest received everyday building thatCity got over the fire of 1476 as far as possible intact. During the reorganization (1975-77) the inside was entkernt perfectly and the gothical Stufengiebel following comparable models was restored. On the inside the remainders of a large kitchen fire-place kept.
- Housings.Owing to for the 70's the accomplishedHardly still closed streetscapes kept town redevelopment. The building group HORSE MARKET 10-16, it is particularly beautiful became however in the years 1979 to 1986 partially. thorough renews. In detail are to be still emphasized:
- Geismarer road 3 - framework construction 16. Jh. with medieval block factory
- new lane5 - Framework construction, err. around 1500, 1978/79 restore.
- Neustädter road 35 - Dreigeschossiges Giebelhaus 17. Jh. with hitting a corner oriel, 1977 restore. The basement is destroyed by shop installations.
- Stone lane 1 (Herbold house) - Dreigeschossiger building with hitting a corner oriel. The right Traufseite is substantial by a newer cultivationdisturbed.
- Stone lane 17 - One the oldest half-timbered house of the city. 1983 restore.
- Knight route 6-8, around 1520 establishes.
- Old brewing house. Massif zweigeschossiges Traufenhaus with spitzbogiger entry, allegedly 1538 establishes. The building was broken off in the meantime up to the front and into the complex of the following hotelalso included.
- Ehem. Mädchenschule. Zweigeschossiger framework construction of 1769 with Krüppelwalmdach.
- The witch tower from that 13. Century with its 3m thicken walls
- of remainders of the fortifications of Franconias from the years around 520
- steam engine museum, with the largest steam engine of their design in Germany,with art and theatre performances.
- "Haus am Geismarer Tor", wechselnde Ausstellungen des Kunsttreff Frankenberg.
- Thonet museum, an internationally remarkable furniture museum with the world-famous Thonet Kaffeehausstühlen.
- Circle local history museum in the monastery pc. George mountain.
gallery of the objects of interest
city hall, of the upper market
- thorn wood living, 77 inhabitants
- Friedrichshausen, 382 inhabitants
- Geismar, 1002 inhabitants
- striking Berne, 549 inhabitants
- Hommershausen, 158 inhabitants
- Rengershausen, 417 inhabitants
- Röddenau, 1707 inhabitants
- Rodenbach, 176 inhabitants
- Schreufa, 1215 inhabitants
- four-flowing, 872 inhabitants
- Wangershausen, 210 inhabitants
- Willersdorf, 627 inhabitants
numbers of inhabitants conditions 2005
the economy distributes itself evenly on different ranges and contributes in such a way to a work situation very good in the region. In Franconia mountain resident among other things the renowned furniture factory of the brothers Thonet is, a work of the injection moulding company Hettich and the battalion electronic conduct of operations(EW) 932 of the German Federal Armed Forces is in Franconia mountain stationed. The largest employer of the environment is the heating technique manufacturer Viessmann in all village (Eder). The plastics engineering forms a technological emphasis for 25 years. In Franconia mountain two enterprises of the so-called leading world-wide sit with Ewikon and GüntherHot channel technology. Likewise an important enterprise is finger prefabricated building. Also many administrations reside in Franconia mountain, which was until 1973 district town.
Since 2005 Franconia mountain is seat of a vocational academy BA-North Hesse with the course of studies of “system engineering”.
hessian model municipality “family city with future”
since November 2005 is Franconia mountain hessian model municipality as “family city with future”. In order as one of maximally 2 municipalities to the 10-year old model program to be taken up, Franconia mountain became generally accepted with its application between 33 other hessian medium-sized towns. The second municipality was not selected so far yet.
With the model project “family citywith future " the country would like to test Hessen whether and with which success local measures can exert a positive influence on the demographic development. In the context of the scientifically accompanied model test the city keeps distributed over the running time up to five million euro, in order to accomplish such measures.Emphasis of the Frankenberger of attempt thereby measures will be to the compatibility by family and occupation (so-called. Work run balance).
- “Nightgroove”, the Kneipenfestival
- May city celebration
- light celebration & Bütower meeting
- Beach Cup on the upper market
- Rolling Oldies
- autumn city celebration
- Tyle of Franconia mountain,Building master and stone sculptor, (14. Jht.)
- TIG and Gerstenberg, Chronist (1457-1522), provided the “city chronicle for Franconia mountain until 1525”
- to Philipp Soldan, sculptors, Formenschnitzer, building master and painter, (1500 - 1570)
- George Thonet, entrepreneur, great-grandchild of Michael Thonet built in Franconia mountain the companies Thonet after that 2.World war and provided it, v.a. with building house steel tube furniture, international fame. (1909 - 2005)
- Ansgar Nierhoff, sculptor and artist, grew up in Franconia mountain
- Christiane Kohl, Journalistin (South German newspaper) and authoress (“the Jew and the girl”)
- Friedhelm king, EH-gelistic writer, has large partsits life in Franconia mountain spent and joint founder of the Frankenberger is professional school.
Web on the left of
- official one web page of the city
- emergence and development of the city Franconia mountain (Eder) up to the reformation
- further one left to the topic „Franconia mountain (Eder) “ in the open directory Project
all village (Eder) | Bath Arolsen | Bath Wildungen | Battery mountain (Eder) | Bromine churches | Castle forest | Diemelsee | Diemelstadt | Edertal | Frankenau | Franconia mountain (Eder) | Gemünden (Wohra) | Haina (monastery) | Hatzfeld (Eder) | Basket oh | Light rock | Rosenthal | Twistetal | Vöhl | People Mars | Forest-hit a corner | Willingen (Upland)