French Polynesien

Porinetia Farani
Polynésie Française
French Polynesien
Flagge Französisch-Polynesiens Französisch-Polynesiens
(detail) (detail)
Wahlspruch: Tahiti Nui Mare'are'a (tahitianisch, “large Tahiti of the golden vapor”)
office language Tahitianisch, French
surface 4167 km ²
capital Papeete (30,000 E.) on Tahiti
president Jacques Chirac
Number of inhabitants 270,485 (conditions July 2005)
national holiday 14. July
currency CFP franc
time belt GMT -10
internet TLD .pf
preselection +689
Karte Französisch-Polynesiens

French Polynesien, originally French Ozeanien (franz. Etablissements Français D' Oceanie), is a French overseas territory. It consists of an accumulation of smaller islands, atolls and archipelagoes in the southern Pacific for instance with 15° 00 ' south and 140° 00 ' west. The most well-known of the atolls is Mururoa, likewise well-known and the most densely populated island is Tahiti.

Table of contents

geography

French Polynesien consists of altogether 118 islands and atolls, which belong to 5 archipelagoes:

the islands distribute themselves on a water surfaceof approximately 4.000.000 km 2, with a land surface of only somewhat more than 4,000 km 2.

history

Tahiti was starting from 1842 French protectorate and starting from 1880 French colony, the other islands took France to1881 in possession.

In September 1995 France released a world-wide protest wave with the resumption of the atomic tests on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year stop. The tests were broken off in January 1996.

politics

in the years 2004 and2005 changed the political situation of the country very strongly.

In May 2005 since many years governing, France faithful gas clay/tone fin and the Independist the OSCAR Temaru was voted out was selected to the new president.

In February 2004 became inthe French capital Paris decided a new autonomy statute for French Polynesien. Among other things the official status of the area changed as French overseas territory (TOM = Territoire d'outre more mer) in overseas< /b> country (POM = pays d'outre more mer). The positionthe local government and the local president one strengthened. France is in the future only responsible for foreign policy , law , defense , internal security and monetary system.

Changed also the composition of the local parliament, now from 57instead of 49 parliamentarians exists. The list strongest with the elections keeps automatically 30% of the seats additional to the proportional voice portion. The entrance hurdle to the parliament was lowered of the voices delivered of 5% to 3%. The number of the constituencies becamefrom 5 to 6 increases.

The relationship to the European union is a divided. French Polynesien is not part of the European Union, its citizen is however French citizens, thereby also European Union citizens, and they are entitled to vote with elections to the European parliament. In addition is at the beginning of the yearly 2007 of the euro the past currency, the Polynesian franc, when replace official national currency. On the other hand the fundamentals of the European Union, like the free job choice, are not applicable in French Polynesien.

culture

television

inFrench Polynesien gives it three TV-transmitters: RFO speed Polynésie, RFO Télé Polynésie of the transmitter Réseau France outre more mer and TNTV (Tahiti Nui TV).


 

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