Franz Halder

Franz Halder after 1945

Franz Halder (* 30. June 1884 in peppering castle; † 2. April 1972 in Aschau in the Chiemgau, Upper Bavaria) was a general of the German armed forces in 2. World war.

Table of contents

lives

Halder was born in a family, which was connected with the Bavarian military already for over 300 years. Its nut/mother was Mathilde, born stone welfare, and his father the later colonel general of the realm resistance Maximilian Halder.

After the Abitur it stepped to 14. July 1902 into the 3. royally Bavarian field artillery regiment prince Leopold in Amberg . This regiment was subordinate to the command of its father. In the year 1904 it was promoted with special commendation to second lieutenant. In the connection different duty assignments took place to the war school, artillery - and school of engineering and to the royal war academy. Its study at the war academy it locked 1914 as the best one of its class.

1907 married Franz Halder Gertrud Erl, which originated just like Halder from a military family. With its wife Halder had three daughters.

the First World War

in the First World War was Halder in different staffs to the east and/or. West front assigned. Already in the year 1914 it, for a risky clearing-up enterprise, the iron cross became 1. Class lent. To 6. January 1915 it became the quartermaster general of the 6. Bavarian infantry - division appointed. Further 1915 the appointment as the captain took place. After further different staff uses Halder was shifted in October 1917 into the military district Mörchingen.

between the wars

after end of the First World War it was shifted 1919 in the realm military Ministry as a training officer in the range tactics teachings. 1922 took place the transport to the major and finally 1931 to the Colonel.

1933 Halder stood for the seizure of power by the national socialists reserved opposite. The transport to the major general took place to 17. March 1934. To the commander of the 7. Division in Munich it became to 15. October 1935 appointed. In this time it resisted repeated encroachments of the party. Halder at the 1 made a further career jump. August 1936, when it was promoted to lieutenant general. That followed a use as a quarter master I and II.

With one of it prepared maneuvers became acquainted with Halder Adolf Hitler . The contacts to Hitler, attached thereby, should be its further ascent in the armed forces from use. In February 1938 its appointment as the general of the artillery took place. In the September of the same yearly colonel general Ludwig Beck, from protest against the deprivation of power of the armed forces guidance by Hitler, withdrew as a general staff boss of the army . The freed post was finally transferred Halder. Both Halder and its predecessor Beck were members of a group of conspirators, who planned the joggle of Hitler in case of a military reaction of England to the Sudetenkrise 1938. Resident of Munich the agreement with concessions Chamberlains at Hitler extracted from the conspirators, those mainly consisted of high-ranking military, their moral justification. The ideal of the Prussian discipline and military obedience interspersed themselves with Halder and many other Mitverschwörern provisionally.

the Second World War

Franz Halder was involved at the beginning of the Second World War in all strategic planning of the armed forces. To it the attack on Poland , the west campaign belonged 1940 and also the enterprise Barbarossa. After successful conclusion of the France campaign 1940 the appointment as the colonel general took place.

In consequence of arguments Halders with Hitler took place to 29. September 1942 its joggle. It was shifted into the leader reserve. Halders post was taken over through briefly Zeitzler.

In the consequence of the Hitler assassination attempt of 20. July 1944 by Colonels Claus count give from Stauffenberg came it to extensive arrests and Verhören with use of torture by the SS. Also the names of the conspirators of 1938 became admit. Thereupon Halder as well as its woman and oldest daughter were arrested and in the concentration camp fin-vouch interned. The official dismissal from the armed forces took place to 31. January 1945. Shifted during its detention it before end of war into the KZ DAK-strike briefly and from there out, kidnapped with other prisoners of the SS to South Tyrol.

The capture by American soldiers meant release from the KZ-detention for Halder on the one hand, on the other hand one it spent 1945 up to the summer in American war shank and became afterwards to dismiss.

post-war period

from 1946 to 1961 worked Halder as a director/conductor of the German department of the war-historical research group of the US army in king stone in the Taunus as well as Karlsruhe. Here it had important influence on the war historiography of the Second World War.

For its cooperation of many years in the German department of the war-historical office for research it received the highest civil honor of the US army , the U.S. to 1961. Meritorious Civilian service Medal.

honors

of works

  • Hitler as a field gentleman. Munich: Munich cathedral Verl., 1949
  • war diary : daily Aufz. the boss of the general staff of the army 1939-1942. - Stuttgart: Kohl hammer, 1962-1964
    • Bd. 1. From the Poland campaign to the end of the west offensive : 14. August 1939 - 30. June 1940
    • Bd. 2. Of the planned landing in England up to the beginning of the east campaign : 1. July 1940 - 21. June 1941
    • Bd. 3. The Russia campaign up to the march on Stalingrad : 22. June 1941 - 24. September 1942

literature

  • sound Riaucour, Heidemarie: Rebellion and obedience : Offizierstum and general staff in paging; Life and working colonel general Franz Halder. - Wiesbaden: Limes Verl., 1972
  • over crowd, Gerd R.: Colonel general Franz Halder : General staff boss, opponent and prisoner of Hitler. - Goettingen: Sample Schmidt, 1991. - ISBN 3-7881-0138-5

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