Franz Schmidt

Franz Schmidt (* 22. December 1874 in press castle; † 11. February 1939 in Perchtoldsdorf) was a Austrian composer.

Table of contents

lives

Franz Schmidt studied piano with Theodor Leschetizky, with which it itself due to the outdated, of disfiguring Rubatos of coined/shaped interpretation style Leschetizkys already soon over-threw. It moved 1888 to Vienna and studied at the conservatoire of the society of the music friends composition with Robert fox and cello with Ferdinand Hellmesberger. it locked 1896 with „honor “.

From 1896 to 1911 Schmidt was member of the Viennese Philharmonics and to 1914 Cellist in the yard opera orchestra (today orchestras of the Viennese state opera) and was equally recognized and celebrated as soloist, chamber musician, companion and a conductor.

1914 he received a Professur for piano at the Viennese music academy (today: University for music and representing art). 1925 he became a director there and was from 1927 to 1931 rector. As a paedagogue for piano, Violoncello, counterpoint and composition he trained numerous musicians, conductors and composers meaning later at the music academy. Among its most well-known pupils ranked among other things the pianist Friedrich Wührer and Alfred Rosé (son of Arnold Rosé, the legendary founder of the Rosé quartet, concert master of the Viennese Philharmonics and brother-in-law Gustav Mahlers). Among the composers Theodor Berger are to mention Marcel ruby and Alfred UHL. For health reasons it gave up to 1937 its training activity.

Many honors testify it brought high appreciation: among other things „the Franz Josefs medal “and (Dr.phil. h.c.) the University of Vienna. According to statements of pupils Schmidts controlled its teacher almost all at that time well-known piano compositions by heart.

Its private life stood however to a large extent in glaring contrast to the successful vocational career: two youth love remained unfulfilled. Its first wife was stationarily treated starting from 1919 in the Viennese mental hospital at the stone yard (and three years after death Franz Schmidts in course of the National Socialist euthanasia - campaign murders). Its daughter Emma deceased completely unexpectedly after the birth of her first child. The broken father designated his 4. Symphonie as „Requiem for my daughter “. Only its second marriage with a substantially younger piano pupil brought the urgently needed stabilization of the private life to the artist already fighting with heavy health problems.

In its last Lebensjahr the critically ill one experienced „the connection of “ Austria to the German Reich and became of the national socialists as the most important living composer of Austria, who hofiert „ostmark at that time “. It received the order to compose a Kantate with the title „German Auferstehung “which was taken after 1945 from some to the cause to regard it preloaded as „“. Schmidt left this composition however unfinished and created instead of its in the summer and autumn 1938, few months before its death, still to two other spreading units for the einarmigen pianist Paul Wittgenstein: the Klarinettenquintett in A major and (solo ones) - the Toccata D-Moll.

Franz Schmidt ranks among the composers of the Austrian late romance, and its music is characterised by a characteristic sound language with subtle harmonizations. As high point in its, the Oratorium is considered to quantitatively not very large, but qualitatively estimated work „the book with seven seals “.


living addresses Franz Schmidts

starting from 1889: Iii. district, Rudolfsgasse 40 (today Juchgasse)
1891-1899: Iii. district, Erdberger road 57
1900: Iii. district, shark citizen road 56
1901-1904: XII.Bezirk, would basket-suppl.-eat 5
1905-1909: XIII.Bezirk, Auhofstrasse 146
1910: XIII.Bezirk, Hadikgasse 140
1911: XVIII.Bezirk, Haizingergasse 33
1912-1922: XIII.Bezirk, Elsslergasse 26
1923-1926: Iii. district, beginner lane 36/IV/7
1926-1939: Perchtoldsdorf (Lower Austria), being worth once race of 4


works

operas

  • Notre Dame, romantic opera in two elevators, text after Victor Hugo of Franz Schmidt and Leopold Wilk; complete: 1902-4, Urauff.: Vienna 1914
  • Fredigundis, opera in three documents, text after Felix Dahn von Bruno Warden and Ignaz Welleminsky; complete: 1916-21, Urauff.: Berlin 1922

Oratorium

  • the book with seven seals for Soli, choir and orchestra, text after revealing hl. Johannes; complete: 1935-37; Urauff: Vienna, 1938

Kantate

  • German Auferstehung a festive song for Soli, choir, organ and orchestra, text of Oskar Dietrich; complete: 1938-39, unfinished, finished of Dr. Robert Wagner; Urauff: Vienna, 1940

Symphonien

  • Symphonie Nr.1 E major; complete: 1896-99, Urauff.: Vienna 1902
  • Symphonie Nr.2 E flat major; complete: 1911-13, Urauff.: Vienna 1913
  • Symphonie Nr.3 A major; complete: 1927-28, Urauff.: Vienna 1928
  • Symphonie Nr.4 C major; complete: 1932-33, Urauff.: Vienna of 1934

piano concerts

  • Konzertante variations over a topic of Beethoven for piano (left hand alone) with company of the orchestra; complete: 1923, Urauff.: Vienna 1924; Two-handle version of Friedrich Wührer (gedr. 1952)
  • Piano concert E flat major (for left hand alone); complete: 1934, Urauff.: Vienna 1935; Two-handle version of Friedrich Wührer (gedr. 1952)

Other orchestra works

  • Karnevalsmusik and intermediate play from the opera Notre Dame; complete: 1902-03; Urauff.: Vienna 1903
  • variations over a Hussar song for orchestras; complete: 1930-31; Urauff.: Vienna 1931
  • orchestra Chaconne cis moll; complete: complete 1931; Manuscript)

chamber music

  • four small pieces of fantasy after Hungarian national melodies for Violincello with piano company; complete: 1892; Urauff.: Vienna 1926 (three pieces)
  • caper quartet A major; complete: 1925; Urauff.: Vienna 1925
  • caper quartet G major; complete: 1929; Urauff.: Vienna 1930
  • Quintett for piano (left hand alone), two violins, viola and Violincello G major; complete: 1926; Urauff.: Stuttgart 1931; two-handle version of Friedrich Wührer (gedr. 1954)
  • Quintett for clarinet, piano (for the left hand alone), violin, viola and Violincello B major; complete: 1932; Urauff.: Vienna 1933
  • Quintett for clarinet, piano (for the left hand alone), violin, viola and Violincello A major; complete: 1938; Urauff.: Vienna 1939; two-handle version of Friedrich Wührer (gedr. 1952)

Music for Bläser

  • variations and joint over an own topic D major (king fanfares from Fredegundis); 3. Version for Bläser alone; complete: 1925, Urauff.: Vienna 1925

music for organ and Bläser

  • variations and joint over an own topic D major (king fanfares from Fredegundis); 4. Version for 14 Bläser, bass drum and organ; complete: 1925, Urauff.: Vienna 1925
  • Choralvorspiel “God receives” for organ with ad libitum in addition-stepping Bläserchor; complete: 1933, Urauff.: Vienna 1933
  • Fuga solemnis for organ with admission of 6 trumpets, 6 horns, 3 trombones, bass tuba and bass drums; complete: 1937, Urauff.: Vienna 1939

piano music

  • romance A major
  • Weihnachtspastorale A major (=Orgelwerk, worked on)
  • Intermezzo fis Moll (=2. Set of the A-Dur-Quintetts)
  • Toccata D-moll (for the left hand alone); complete: 1938, Urauff.: Vienna 1940 (two-handle version); two-handle version of Friedrich Wührer (gedr.: 1952)

Organ works

  • variations over a topic of Chr. w. Luck (verschollen at present)
  • variations and joint over an own topic D major (king fanfares from Fredegundis), 1.Fassung; complete: 1916
  • fantasy and joint D major; complete: 1923-24, Urauff.: Vienna 1924
  • variations and joint over an own topic D major (king fanfares from Fredegundis), 2.Fassung; complete: 1924, Urauff.: Vienna 1924
  • Toccata C major; complete: 1924, Urauff.: Vienna 1925
  • Präludium and joint E flat major; complete: 1924, Urauff.: Vienna 1925
  • Chaconne cis moll; complete: 1925, Urauff.: Vienna 1925
  • four small Choralvorspiele; complete: 1926, Urauff.: Vienna 1926
O eternity you thunder word, F major
which my God wants, D major
O, is as blessed it nevertheless, their pious one, D-moll
now thank all God, A major
  • joint F major; complete: 1927, Urauff.: Vienna 1932
  • Präludium and joint C major; complete: 1927, Urauff.: Vienna 1928
  • four small Präludien and joints; complete: 1928, Urauff.: Berlin 1929
Präludium and joint E flat major
Präludium and joint C-moll
Präludium and joint G major
Präludium and joint D major
  • Choralvorspiel “of the welfare and rose”; complete: 1934, Urauff.: Vienna 1934
  • Präludium and joint A major, Weihnachtspastorale; complete: 1934, Urauff.: Vienna 1934
  • Toccata and joint A flat major; complete: 1935, Urauff.: Vienna 1936

literature

  • Otto Brusatti: Studies to Franz Schmidt. Universal edition, Vienna 1977
  • Andreas left: Franz Schmidt. Böhlau, Graz 1951
  • C. Nemeth: Franz Schmidt. Leipzig 1957
  • walter Obermaier (Hrsg.): Franz Schmidt and its time: Symposium 1985. Doblinger, Vienna/Munich 1988
  • Carmen Ottner: Sources to Franz Schmidt. 1. and 2. Part. Doblinger, Vienna/Munich 1985-1987
  • Carmen Ottner (Hrsg.): Franz Schmidt and the Austrian organ music of its time: Symposion 1991 . Doblinger, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-900695-24-5
  • Norbert Tschulik: Franz Schmidt. Austrian federal publishing house, Vienna 1972

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