Franz thrust ore

Franz thrust ore

Franz Peter Schubert (* 31. January 1797 in light valley, today Vienna - when suppl. round; † 19. November 1828 in Vienna) was a Austrian composer of the classical-romantic period.

Table of contents

Personal record

origin and childhood

Franz thrust RTS birth house in Vienna

thrust RTS father Franz Theodor, son of a farmer from new village in Mähren, Sudetenland (today Vysoká) with Hannsdorf, was a teacher in a Pfarrschule. His nut/mother Elizabeth Vietzfrom the schlesischen twitching coat before her marriage cook had been in Viennese a family. Franz was born as twelfth of fourteen children, from whom only five became older than one year.

At the age of five years it received from itsHe went to father first regular instruction, with six into light valley to the school. At the same time its musical training began. Its father taught it play violin, its brother Ignaz piano. With seven he got organ instruction of Michael of woods, thatKapellmeister of the light valleys church.

In October 1808 it was accepted because of its beautiful voice as a singer boy to the yard chapel and to the imperial Konvikt. Here thrust ore became acquainted with many of its later friends of many years: Joseph of Spaun, Albert Stadler andAnton wood apple. Apart from composition instruction by Wenzel Ruzicka and late Antonio Salieri he enjoyed various musical suggestion in the Konvikt: It worked not only as soloist in the singing, but became acquainted with also the instrument valley works Joseph Haydns and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, there itfirst Violinist in the Konviktorchester was.

Soon its gift showed up in the composition. A Klavierfantasie G major to four hands is dates 8. April-1. May 1810. In the next year a caper quartet, a further Fantasie in g-moll, songs and others followedPieces. At sunning and holidays in the family regularly quartet evenings were organized, in which its father cello, it and its brothers violin played Viola.

at first

still well, then he worsened youth goods its school achievementsitself in the course of the time particularly in mathematics and latin. It deflected the possibility of extending its donation place and returned in October 1813 into the parental house. At this time it composed its symphony No. 1 D major.After it had visited a teacher educational establishment, it became end of 1814 school assistant of its father, an office, which it provided two years through and end of 1817/Anfang 1818 again for short time. Besides it still received instruction until 1816 with Antonio Salieriand composed productively: its first opera of the devil desire lock and its fair No. 1 F major (the premiere to 25. September 1814 was the first public performance one of its works) comes both from the year 1814, likewise several caper quartets, shorter instrument valley works,the first set of its symphony No. 2 B major and more than twenty songs, under it such masterpieces such as Gretchen at the Spinnrade or interesting experiments like the diver.

A still larger number at works it composed 1815. Despite its work asTeachers terminated it two symphonies (No. 2 B major, No. 3 D major), two fairs (No. 2 G major, No. 3 B major), the operas the four years old post, Fernando and Claudine of Villabella as well as two further unfinished. In addition the caper quartet g-moll, four cameSonaten and some further compositions for piano as well as nearly 150 songs of partial considerable length, from which it sometimes wrote several per day.

Increasingly frustrated by the incompatability of its position for teachers with composing, thrust ore numerous attempts undertook itself, as a composerto establish. But the publishing houses rejected the publication of its works. In the spring 1816 it applied unsuccessfully for the post of a Kapellmeisters in loaf oh (Ljubljana). Over its friend Spaun he came into contact with Franz of Schober, a philosophy studentfrom good house. On its suggestion thrust ore left its position for teachers and pulled for eight months in Schobers dwelling, in order to spend more time with the composition. From the compositions from this year only the two symphonies are No. 4 C-moll(the tragic one) and No. 5 B major as well as the fair No. 4 C major mentions.

During this whole time its friend circle constantly expanded. The poet Johann Mayrhofer, which he had become acquainted with in December 1814, made it with thatfamous Bariton Johann Michael Vogl admits, which sang its songs in the Viennese salon and thereby admits it made. The pianist Josef of Gahy played his Sonaten and Fantasien. The Sonnleithners, a musical citizen family, their oldest son been in the Konviktwas, musical meetings in its honours, which were called starting from 1821 Schubertiaden, organized (and still to take place). Thrust ore did not have actual income, because it had given its position for teachers up, brought in public appearances nothing and the publishers was interested notfor its music. However its friends provided for his getting along.


1818 it became by the family of the count Johann Esterházy as singing and a piano master on its property in Zselíz in Hungary (today the slowakische Želiezovce)engaged. For its there pupils it wrote some four-handles pieces and some songs. In the same year it created the symphony No. 6 C major.

With its return to Vienna in the late autumn 1818 thrust ore found accomodation no longer with Schober and livednow two years with Johann Mayrhofer. Its life went now again the old course: Each morning it began after rising with composing, ate at two o'clock, went walking and turned then again to the composition or visitedFriends. Its decision against the teacher existence became now finally.

It had its first appearing as a song composer to 28. February 1819 with shepherd complaint song. In the summer of the same yearly it went together with Vogl on vacation into upper Austria. In the autumnit sent three of its songs to Goethe, but - so far well-known - without success.

ripe years

in the following years thrust RTS work decreased/went back quantitatively, but the compositions of the yearly 1820 show an advancement of its style. InIt began February with the unfinished Oratorium Lazarus, later wrote it - beside smaller pieces - the 23. Psalm, the singing of the spirit, the quartet set in C-Moll and the Klavierfantasie over the Wanderer.

For the first time became in thisYear two specified by thrust RTS operas at the theatre at the Kärnthnertor: the einaktige Singspiel the twin brothers to 14. June, the charm harp to 19. August. Up to then its larger compositions - with exception of the fairs - were not over the amateur orchestra inGundelhof out-come, which had come out from the domestic quartet meetings. Since both pieces were passable successes, it could turn now to a broader public. But as Vogl the publisher had only sung, could the Erlkönig in a public concert Anton Diabelli to be convinced to publish some its works on commission.

1821/22 he earned 1-7 and 10-12 about 800 flat steel bars at the publication of Opus. Convention coin. As a school assistant it had only 80 flat steel bars from its father beside food and Logis.get annually.Otto Erich German thrust RTS estimated further income from publications, fees and gifts between 1822 and 1828 on approximately 7000 flat steel bars. Convention coin.

Encouraged of successes if thrust ore tried now to be established as a stage composer became however in its hopesdisappointed. Both Alfonso and Estrella - composes between September 1821 and February 1822 - and the Verschworenen (April 1823) were rejected from the theatre, set off Fierrabras (autumn 1823) after first samples. The stage music to pink mouth was well accepted, butthe play after two evenings set off.

Autograph of the Oktetts F major

to the fact came still that it got sick in January 1823 at Syphilis. A hospitalization in the autumn brought improvement, but in the next spring the illness the composer already seems alsoto have psychologically heavily loaded („I feel as most unfortunate, most miserable humans of the world “).

In the spring 1824 it wrote its Oktett F major. In the summer was it a second time in Zselíz. The Divertissement developed in this timeA l'Hongroise exhibits Hungarian influences.

Despite its occupation with the stage and with its official obligations he found the time for many other compositions later during these years. 1822 became the fair No. And the unfinished one terminates 5 A flat major Symphony No. 7 h-Moll begun. The Mueller songs originate from the year 1823, the variations on dry flowers and two caper quartets in A-Moll and D-Moll (death and the girl) from the year 1824.

In the year 1825 thrust ore hadagain a luckier phase, into which a journey fell to upper Austria. There he worked on the large symphony No. And its Klaviersonate A-Moll, which he could publish at a quite high price, wrote 8 C major.

thoselast years

from 1826 to 1828 was thrust ore - apart from a short stay in Graz - in Vienna. The place of the Vizekapellmeisters at the imperial yard chapel, for which it applied 1826, became not it, but Joseph Weigl lent. To 26. To March 1828 it gave the only public concert of its career, it 800 guldens Viennese currency (320 flat steel bars. Convention coin) brought in. Numerous songs and piano works were in the meantime printed.

Thrust RTS grave on the Viennese central cemetery
the finalVersion of the caper quartet D-moll with the variations on death and the girl wrote he during the winter 1825/1826. 1826 followed the caper quartet G major, the Rondeau brilliantly h-moll for piano and violin, the Klaviersonate in G major as well as thrust RTS most well-known religiousWork, the German fair. 1827 it composed the song cycle winter journey, the Fantasie C major for piano and violin and the two Klaviertrios in B major and E flat major, 1828 wrote the fair No. 6 E flat major, the last three Klaviersonaten and that Swan singing.

Furthermore it outlined still 3 sentences for a symphony in D major.

To 19. November 1828 it died in the house of its brother Ferdinand at typhoid fever. It became on the Währinger cemetery (the today's Währinger park) in thatProximity of Ludwig van Beethovens grave bestattet. 1872 one established to it in the Viennese city park a monument (of Carl telling man), 1888 its Gebeine to the Viennese central cemetery was transferred.

aftereffect and Rezeption

in the literature become thrust ore traditionallygladly as a misjudged genius represented, who created its masterpieces unconsidered from the public. It is true to the fact that thrust ore with its large works - about its symphonies - did not obtain large effect and it with SE 1827 from its friends to oneown concert to be persuaded knew, which became then also a large success.

On the other hand thrust ore was quite supraregional well-known. Above all Vogl provided as a singer for the spreading of its songs, and toward end of its life also the publishers for it began themselvesto interest. Approximately 100 of its works was published during its lifetimes in the pressure - based on the number of altogether approx. 600 songs only a small portion, however more, than many of its contemporaries published.

After thrust RTS death published Diabelli inthe following years still numerous songs and other small compositions. It lasted however for a long time, to also the symphonies, fairs and operas of the public became accessible. With a stay in Vienna Robert Schumann Ferdinand thrust ore visited, him some compositions outthe deduction showed. Schumann became enthusiastic immediately for the large symphony in C major and used themselves for it. To 21. March 1839 took place their premiere under Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy in the Leipziger garb house. The unfinished symphony arrived only 1865from the possession of Anselm hut burner into the hands of the conductor Johann harsh-hit a corner, that it to 17. December in Vienna uraufführte.

Under the traditional name Schubertiade take place today several festivals. As the most important thrust blank festival the 1976 are considered into of high Ems basedSchubertiade, which takes place since 2001 each year in the summer in Schwarzenberg in the Bregenzerwald and numerous song evenings enclosure.


of stage works

of clergyman music

of songs

  • approx. 600 songs, under it
    • the cycle the beautiful Müllerin (after poems of William Mueller)
    • the cycle winter journey (after poems of William Mueller; with: The lime tree tree)
    • the cycle swan singing
    • in evening red, Erlkönig, Fischer, the Forelle, the song in the country, Heidenröslein, singing of the Harfners (three-part), the young man at the brook, to the moon (6 versions), the treasure graves, death and the girl, thatWanderer, Wanderer to the moon, course close LOCK flax; various versions of spring, autumn, winter, May, tomorrow, evening, dear, Sehnsuchts, complaining and drinking songs as well as Ständchen

of orchestra works

chamber music

piano music

  • Sonaten, under it some unfinished works
  • Impromptus and moment musicaux
  • further numerous two and four-handles works


the counting of the symphonies has itselfseveral times changed and leads therefore occasionally to confusion. The first 6 symphonies are indisputable. One occasionally as No. 7 counted symphony, which was considered so-called Gmunden Gasteiner, as verschollen. After today's research it is however proven that it identically to the “large one Symphony in C major " is. The so-called unfinished one in h-moll became in former times as 8. , now as 7. designated. The “large symphony in C majororiginally became as 7. , later than 9. Symphony counted; after today's research it countsas its 8. Around less confusion the two works will donate today usually than “unfinished ones” (h-Moll) and “large one” (C major) Symphonie designates. In the last weeks before its death thrust ore sketched still 3 sentences for a symphony in D major.

The first total expenditure of the works thrust RTS appeared starting from 1884 with broad head & Härtel.

See also: German listing of the works of Franz thrust ore

of works over thrust ore

the person Franz thrust RTS was represented often very much romantisierend and in pictureshe is to be seen as a substantial young man. In addition exist many writings over thrust RTS journeys etc., which historical nonsense nearly throughout is to be called.


  • Franz thrust ore on the album Trans Europe express of power station

of books


  • walter Kolm Veltée (direction): Franz thrust ore, a life in two sentences, beta Kapitol, Vienna 1953 (92 min., with Aglaya forge, Heinrich Schweigerer, among other things)
  • FritzLehner (direction):With my hot tears, (3 parts), ORF, Vienna 1986 (total period 285 min., with Gabriel Barylli, Monica remain-faithfully, Udo Samel among other things)
    • 1. - The Wanderer
    • 2. - In the realm of the garden
    • 3. - Winter journey

by thosepoor data to its private life developed further filmings and a Operette.

Web on the left of

Commons: Franz thrust ore - pictures, videos and/or audio files


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