Franz Werfel

Franz Werfel (* 10. September 1890 in Prague; † 26. August 1945 in Beverly Hills, California) was a Austrian writer. He was a Wortführer of the expressionism. In the 1920er and 1930er years were its books best-sellers. Its popularity is based particularly on its telling works, over which however Werfel set its lyric poetry.

Table of contents

lives

Franz Werfel became 1890 in Prague as a son of the wealthy glove manufacturerRudolf Werfel and its Mrs. Albine geb. Kussi born. The family belonged to the deutschböhmischen Judentum .

Its life is still to 2. To see April 2006 in the emigrant house in Bremerhaven. Also with the exhibition also Thomas's man, Bertolt break among other things

The Frömmigkeit of its child woman, the attendance of the private elementary school of the Piaristen and the baroque Katholizität of its hometown coin/shape the young Werfel. With its likewise literary active contemporaries Willy Haas, Ernst Deutsch, Max Brod and Franz Kafka was hea life long gets used to. Its maturity examination put Werfel down 1909 at the German High School Stefan lane into Prague. Already during its school time it published first poems.

1910 Werfel

a Volontariat completed unsalaried employee and lector at a Hamburg forwarding business company. Betweenhe carried military service on the Prager Hradschin for 1911 and 1912 out. From 1912 to 1915 he was a lector with the short Wolff publishing house in Leipzig. Under its joint responsibility the expressionistische series of publications appeared the recent day. Werfel met Rainer Maria Rilke andfriendship with walter Hasenclever and Karl Kraus closed. It published among other things also in the German-language newspaper of Hungary Pester Lloyd.

first world war and Alma of meals

between 1915 and 1917 he served as a Austrian soldier in The First World War at the ostgalizischen front. 1917 it was shifted in Viennese the war press accomodation and closed friendship with Alma meal Gropius. Under Almas conservative influence he withdrew himself to a large extent from the public life, went however often on journeys, so e.g.to Vienna, width stone at the Semmering, Santa Margherita Ligure and Venice. During a Middle East journey end of the twenties it meets genocide at the Armenians in an orphanage in Syria survivor during the First World War. This meeting inspiresit to its key novel “the forty days of the Musa Dagh “.

1918 were born its son Martin Carl Johannes, which however already died 1919. 1929 he marries Alma of meals, the widow Gustav Mahlers, gesch. Walter Gropius.1935 died its at child paralysis gotten sick stepdaughter, Manon Gropius.

emigration and America

1938 he fled before the German troops to France, after Sanary sur Mer. Starting from 1940 he found refuge in Lourdes: Werfel praised, if itwere saved to write a book concerning the holy Bernadette. To foot it together with Heinrich and Golo man crossed the Pyreneeses to Spain, arrived from there out to Portugal and emigrierte into the USA, after Beverly Hills and Santa Barbara. It received the American nationality to 1941. 1943 were filmed with large success its novel the song by Bernadette with Jennifer Jones in the title part.

Who rock honour grave

1943 worsened who rock angina Pectoris and it suffered two Heart accumulations. 1945 died Werfel at the age of 54 years at a cardiac infarct. He was buried first in Beverly Hills on the Rosedale Cemetery and has since 1975 an honour grave on the Viennese central cemetery.

The Franz Werfel Menschenrechtspreis is afterit designated.

honors and honours

of works

of novels

  • 1924 Verdi. Novel of the opera
  • 1928 the high school graduate day.The history of a youth debt
  • 1929 Barbara or the Frömmigkeit
  • 1931 brothers and sisters of Neapel
  • 1933/47 the forty days of the Musa Dagh (hist. Novel, 2 Bde.)
  • 1937 hear the voice (= 1956 Jeremias; hist. Novel)
  • 1939 the defrauded sky (urspr.: Thatstolen skies)
  • 1941 the song of Bernadette

narrations and novellas

  • 1920 the murderer, the murdered one 1927
  • the death of the small citizen is not guilty
  • 1927 secret of humans (novellas)
  • of 1931 small conditions
  • 1939 white stone, that world-better
  • 1941 onepale-blue woman Mrs.
  • 1943 Géza de Varsany

dramas

  • 1911 the attendance from the Elysium (one-act play)
  • 1912 the temptation
  • 1914 the Troerinnen of the Euripides
  • 1919 midday goddess (charm play)
  • 1920 mirror human being („magic Verstrilogie “), on invitation of max of Reinhardt April 1920 inBerlin for the first time the public presented
  • 1921 support singing (tragedy)
  • 1922 Schweiger (tragedy)
  • 1925 Juarez and Maximilian („dramatic history “)
  • 1926 Paulus among the Jews („dramatic legend “)
  • 1930 the realm of God in Böhmen („tragedy of a leader “)
  • 1936 the way of the promise (Bible play; 1937Vertonung:Briefly Weill: The Eternal Road)
  • 1937 at one night
  • 1944 Jacobowsky and the Colonel („comedy of a tragedy “)

lyric poetry

  • 1911 the world friend (of poems)
  • 1913 we are (poems)
  • 1915 each other - deserts, songs, shapes
  • of 1917 singing outthe three realms (ausgew. Ged.)
  • 1919 the court day (poems)
  • 1923 swearing to (poems)
  • 1928 new poems

Posthume publications

  • of 1946 poems from the years 1908 to 1945
  • 1946 star of the unborn ones (novel)
  • 1952 (1938/39 developed) Cella or Überwinder (Novel fragment)
  • 1975 between above and down. Prosa - diaries - Aphorismen - literary one enters afterwards

total expenditure

  • of 1948-67 collected works in single volumes, hrsg. v. Adolf D. Clear man, Frankfurt/M.
  • 1989-93 collected works in single volumes, hrgg. v. Knut Beck,Frankfurt/M.

literature

  • Norbert Abels: Franz Werfel. With self certifications and picture documents. 2. Aufl. Reinbek with Hamburg: Rowohlt 1993. (= Rowohlts Monographien; 472) ISBN 3-499-50472-3
  • franc Joachim Eggers: “I am a catholic with Jewish brain”. Modernity criticism and religionJoseph Roth and Franz Werfel. Investigations to the erzählerischen works. Frankfurt/Main and others: Long 1996. (= contributions for the literature and literature science 20. Century; 13) ISBN 3-631-48649-9
  • truck B. Foltin: Franz Werfel.Stuttgart: Metzler 1972. (= collection Metzler; 115;Abbott D) ISBN of 3-476-10115-0
  • peoples Hartmann: Religiosität as Intertextualität. Studies for the problem of the literary typology in the work Franz who rock. Tübingen: Fool 1998. (= Mannheimer of contributions to the speaking and literature science; 40) ISBN 3-8233-5640-2
  • youth in Böhmen. Franz Werfel and the CzechCulture - a literary tracing. Contributions of the international Symposions in Budweis (Ceské Budejovice) of 12. to 15. March 1998, hrsg. v. Michael Schwidtal and. Václav Bok. Vienna: OD. Present 2001. ISBN 3-7069-0102-1
  • Peter Stefan Jungk: Franz Werfel. A life history.Frankfurtat the Main: Fischer 2001.ISBN 3-596-14975-4
  • Wolfgang Klaghofer: Humans and God in the shade. Franz Kafka and Franz Werfel - outlines of the exodus. Berne and others: Long 2000. (= Bohemia; 2) ISBN 3-906764-40-0
  • Hendrikje Mautner: From Kitsch art becomes. To the meaning FranzWho rock for the German the Renaissance. Schliengen: OD. Argus 2000. (= Sonus; 6) ISBN 3-931264-09-2
  • Wolfgang Paulsen: Franz Werfel. Its way into the novel. Tübingen and others: Francke 1995. ISBN 3-7720-2147-6
  • Klaus shoe man: Walter Hasenclever, briefly Pinthus and Franz Werfel in the LeipzigerShort Wolff publishing house (1913-1919). Publishing house and literature-historical excursion in the expressionistische decade. Leipzig: Leipziger Univ. - Verl. 2000. (= Leipzig - history and culture; 1) ISBN 3-934565-83-2
  • Erich Sporis: Franz who rock political world conception. Frankfurt/Main and others: Long 2000. (= aspects of educational innovation; 25) ISBN 3-631-37089-X
  • Alfons weber: Problem Konstanz and identity. Socialpsychological studies to Franz who rock biography and work - with special consideration of the exile narrations. Frankfurt/Main and others: Long 1990. (= studies for the German literature 19. and 20. Century; 8) ISBN 3-631-40648-7
  • Franz Werfel in the exile (international Franz Werfel Conference, Los Angeles, Oct. 1990), hrsg. v. Wolfgang Nehring. Bonn and others: Bouvier 1992. (= studies for the literature of the modern trend; 22) To ISBN 3-416-02329-3

see also

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Franz Werfel - quotations
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