Franz Xaver drove

Franz Xaver drove (* 23. September 1898 in Neckarau with Mannheim; † 16. December 1973 in Regensburg) was a German painter.

It began as an autodidact and oriented themselves first at the art of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and the artists of the bridge. Very soon he found however its from Kubismus and new Sachlichkeit to inspririerten own style. First successes knew drove 1920 to register, when the director/conductor of the Mannheimer arts center, Gustav Friedrich hard leaves purchased, some its works and provided for him apart from financial support a living and a possibility for employment in the Mannheimer lock. Exhibition followed among other things in Berlin, Danzig, Königsberg, Düsseldorf and Luebeck. Finally Xaver drove taken up to the German artist federation. it received the price of the Prussian academy of the arts to 1930.

Form emphasis of its work for the topic tables urban motives, industrial plants, landscapes and figure representations. Its, structures pictures a network-like, strict-graphic linearity, which coin/shape frequent personal style together with strong colors and hard black-and-white contrasts Fuhrs. Regardless of his gegenständlichen picture language did not strive drove nevertheless to as faithful a reflection of the reality as possible; rather its an individual world view, which makes frequently aspects visible beyond objectively the representing, penetrates works.

As many artists had drove under the cultural policy of the national socialism to suffer: Starting from 1934 its works from the German museums are banished and presented partly into the residents of Munich exhibition „degenerate art “. Drove with professional disqualification was occupied.

Its most famous work, the “Mannheimer vision” of 1932, seems to announce later the mischief breaking over Germany and in particular also the hometown of the artist few years: The painting shows a coffin-like thing in dark black and grey tones together with gespenstisch maskenhaften Fratzen, over the Neckarmündung floating.

After the destruction of its Mannheimer dwelling by an air raid 1943 pulled drove first after Nabburg (Upper Palatinate) and finally 1950 to Regensburg. 1946 he became a professor at the academy of the forming arts in Munich, where he taught twenty years long. Its artist spent last Lebensjahre withdrawn into Regensburg.

acquaintance of works

a large part of the works Fuhrs is today in private property or is considered as verschollen. In public museums hang among other things

  • The blue tower, 55x65 cm, city museum Ingolstadt
  • iron bridge, 97x77 cm, Folkwang museum meal
  • gothical cathedral, 97x77 cm, museum Ludwig Cologne
  • Gummibaum (still life), 66x51 cm, urban arts center Mannheim
  • port picture with yellow house, 77x108 cm, Bavarian state painting State of Munich
  • port in Stockholm, 77x110 cm, hessian federal state museum Darmstadt
  • the body guard, 160x47 cm, urban arts center Mannheim
  • Mannheimer vision, around 1932, 107x140 cm, city museum Regensburg Web left
  • palace ruin, 93x50 cm, urban museum Regensburg
  • sailing boat “Jutta Hys”, 77x97 cm, museum for art and culture history Luebeck
  • step Hans pro assignment, 100x261 cm, Cologne museum Ludwig
  • Rhine bridge, 67x87 cm, urban arts center Mannheim
  • the urn, 111x78 cm, urban museum Regensburg
  • early spring, 77x97 cm, urban museum of the Heydt Wuppertal
  • suburban dwellings, 61x93 cm, city museum Regensburg
  • bonded port Mannheim, 110x150 cm, urban arts center Mannheim


  • Zienicke, Axel: Xaver drove 1898-1973 paintings and water colors, ISBN 3764703644

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