Frederik Willem de Klerk

Frederik Willem de Klerk

Frederik Willem de Klerk (Africa to: /ˈfriə̯dərəkˈvələm dəˈklɛrk/; * 18. March 1936 in Johannesburg, South Africa) was from 1989 to 1994 a president of the Republic of South Africa.

Table of contents

lives and work

early years and training

De Klerk buildup in a very political family. Both its father and its grandfatherwere represented as Ministers in different cabinets of South Africa. It went on the Hoërskool Monument High School and studied thereafter to the Potchefstroom University. Here it graduated to the Bachelor OF kind and worked ten years long as an attorney. Already during its study it was inthat national party (NP) actively and after its conclusion he represented these as an attorney until 1972. During this time he became a chairman of the Law Society in Transvaal and member of the Vaal Tringle Technikon Council.

political career

in the year 1972 it becamefor the first time into the South African parliament selected and 1978 occurred the cabinet Pieter Willem Botha . It became 1980 chairman of the governing national party in the province Transvaal and late chairmen of the national party. 1982 it was used of Botha as a Minister of the Interior and 1984 as Ministerfor national education. In July 1985 de Klerk became besides a chairman of the Minister committee in the Lower House. As such it won 1989 the South African presidency elections and replaced Pieter Botha as a president of South Africa, who did not participate for health reasons any longer.

Although it up to its choice asAdvocate of the apartheid applied, had Frederik de Klerk for substantial portion of the dismantling the same in South Africa. to 1990 it left the forbidden parties African national Congress (ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) as well as about 30 further organizations again than political forces too. Nelson Mandela and other leadersthe ANC as well as about 120 further political prisoners became from the prison to dismiss. In addition restrictions of the Pressefreiheit and restrictions were waived in the context of the state of emergency.

In May 1990 first discussions of Frederik de Klerk with representatives of the African found national Congress under the guidance ofNelson Mandela instead of. The state of emergency, which applied in some provinces, was terminated and waived in the same year the racial segregation regulated by the September rate Amenities act of 1953. Starting from October 1990 it in addition national the party opened also for not-white members.

de Klerk (left) 1990with François Mitterrand

the activity de Klerks led to rebellions and demonstrations both whiter and black opponent of his politics, and also with the ANC there was still another whole set of discrepancies. Nevertheless a conference of multi-party took place in December 1991, which necessary reforms prepareand to introduce should. In the same year it came to an abolition of the restaurant sanctions of the states of the European union, which 1986 had been decided. Also the diplomatic relations with further countries was again taken up. In the year 1993 de Klerk took for the first time black and indischstämmige politiciansinto its Minister staff up. In the same year Frederik Willem de Klerk kept the Nobel peace prize common with Nelson Mandela.

1994 was accomplished the first really free elections in South Africa, with which all groups of peoples could notice the right to vote, also the majority of the natives suppressed up to thencolored citizen. The African national Congress carried thereby an overwhelming choice victory off and Willem de Klerk from Nelson Mandela in the office was replaced. After the choice de Klerk worked for two further years for Nelson Mandela and spent in August 1997 its retreatadmits of the policy.

life after the resignation

after its retreat became it to a large extent calmly around de Klerk. In October 1998 it shocked the conservative forces of the country by its divorce of its wife Marike and immediately the wedding with Elita, taking place thereafterGeorgiades and in December 2001 came it to a renewed shock by the death by force of its ex woman with an assault.

In the year 2004 he explained his withdrawal from that to new national party (NNP), after it admits became that itself these with the African national Congress tooa party to connect wants.

De Klerk is member in the club OF Rome.


  • Bernhard Kupfer: Encyclopedia of the Nobelpreisträger, Patmos publishing house Duesseldorf 2001

Web on the left of

  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over Frederik Willem de Klerk inKatalog derDDB



  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)