Freiburg in the Üechtland

coat of arms
Wappen von Freiburg
base data
canton: Freiburg
district: Saane/Sarine
BFS NR.: 2196
postal code: 1700
coordinates: 46° 48 ' n. Break.
7° 10 ' o. L.
Height: 610 m and. M.
Surface: 9,32 km ²
inhabitants: 36 ' 544 (1.January 2004)
Website: www.fr.ch/ville-fribourg/de
Map
Karte von Freiburg

Freiburg is the capital Swiss of canton Freiburg and the District de la Sarine (German Saanebezirk). As official designation the French name Fribourg is considered in Switzerland, because the majority of the populationis französischsprachig. Due to the substantial German-language minority the city is officially bilingual, which is underlined ever more frequently also with the naming Fribourg/ Freiburg.

In the international German linguistic usage the additive Freiburg in the Üechtland is usually used, around mistakes with Freiburg in mash gauto prevent. Because the Üechtland however landscape designation represents an outdated, one speaks name additive in German German in most cases only of Freiburg without (expressed as [fribʊrg]). The Italian name of the city reads Friburgo, the rätoromanische Friburg andon Latin Freiburg Friburgum Nuithonum is called.

Freiburg, both sides the Saane convenient in Swiss central country, is an important economic, administrative and an education center with bilingual university at the culture border between German and welscher Switzerland. It possesses one at the best receivedhistorical old parts of town of Switzerland on a narrow rock spur over the valley of the Saane.

Table of contents

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] coats of arms the Stadtwappen of Freiburg in silver in blue a tin tower also on the right of cultivate more zinnenbekrönter, in two stages of sloping wall with a half ring out-breaking down. Although already since that 13. Century used, was explained the coat of arms after different transformations only to 1803 as the official coat of arms of the city.

geography

Blick auf die Stadt
view of the city

Freiburg is on 581 m and. M. (Old part of town), 28 km southwest from Berne (air line). ThoseCity extends on the plateau both sides the Saane (French: Sarine), which is deeply into the mol ASS and stone ASS cut here, in Swiss central country. The old part of town is on one only well 100 meters broad mA other spur on the left of the Saane, approximately 40m over the valley soil of the river. Most city accomodation is appropriate for on the average 620 m on the high plateau, and. M. and on the adjacent hills, while the valley soil of the Saane only straight ones is old part of town mA differently settled in the range.

The surface alsoa section of the mol ASS ASS in the free citizen central country covers 9,3 km ² for a city of relatively limited Gemeindegebiets. By the south northward the area of the strongly wound run of the Saane is crossed, itself by erosion up to 100 the meters deeply inthe plateau cut. The valley soil is generally 200 up to maximally 500 meters broadly. South the city is the 1872 accumulated Pérolles lake with the oldest gravity dam of Europe. A kilometer north the old part of town begins approximately already the head of the Ship lake. With the artificial lakes the Saane takes nearly in each case the whole width of the valley soil the available.

Saanetal bei Freiburg
Saanetal with Freiburg

on both sides is partly flanked the flat valley soil by to a large extent wooded and steep rock slopes durchzogene with sandstone rock. To itthe high plateau closes from Freiburg in the west (610 to 630 m and. M.), that again of the mol ASS ASS of Chamblioux (681 m and. M.) and Le Guintzet (690 m and. M. is limited). East the Saane is enough the municipality soilon the heights of beautiful mountain (French: Schœnberg), with 702 the m and. M. , and Bourguillon represents the highest point of the city (German: Bürglen; to 700 m and. M.). Between them is the ditch likewise eingetiefte into the plateauthe Galtera (French: Gotteron), which flows in the range old part of town mA differently into the Saane. From the municipality surface 1997 61% were allotted to settlements, 18% to forest and wood, 14% to agriculture and somewhat less than 7% were unproductive country.

To Freiburg the former Weiler Bourguillon belong (German: Bürglen), 655 m and. M. on the plateau south the Galterngrabens, as well as a part of the accomodation beautiful mountain (to 700 m and. M.) at the eastern city boundary north the Galterngrabens,the larger part is already on the Gemeindegebiet of Tafers. Neighbour municipalities of Freiburg are in the east you things and Tafers, in the southeast Pierrafortscha, in the south Marly, in the west Villars sur Glâne and Givisiez as well as in the north Granges Paccot.

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Population

Population trend
year inhabitant portion of German
1450 6000
1798 5117
1850 9065
1870 10581
1888 12195 37,1%
1900 15794 35,4%
1910 20293 33,0%
1930 21557 33,3%
1950 29005 33,2%
1960 32583
1970 39695 28,0%
1980 37400
1990 36355 22,8%
2000 35547 21,2%

with 36 ' 544 inhabitants (2004) are Freiburg the largest city of the canton Freiburg. Approximately 29% of it are foreigners. Particularly at the beginning 20. Century as well as from 1930 to 1970 rose the total population of Freiburg saliently. The highest level was reached 1974 with approximately 42 ' 000 inhabitants. Since that time a decrease in population was registered of approximately 14%, which could be stopped however in the last years.

The closer region/marketing area Freiburg countstoday approximately 70 ' 000 inhabitants (entire dye Freiburg about 95 ' 000 inhabitants). To this belong beside the city Freiburg the municipalities Avry, Belfaux, Corminboeuf, Givisiez, Granges Paccot, Marly, Matran and Villars sur Glâne.

The settlement area of Freiburg is today complete with those from Villars sur Glâne, Givisiezand Granges Paccot grown together. Directly at the eastern outskirts of a town are the local part small beautiful mountain belonging to Tafers and the Weiler Uebewil belonging to you things (French: Villars les Joncs). This entire settlement area counts well 50 ' 000 inhabitants.

languages

of the inhabitants are 63.6% französischsprachig, 21,2% German-language and 3,8% speak Italian (conditions 2000). The remaining 11,4% distribute themselves on numerous further languages, under it Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Spanish and Portuguese. Freiburg is thereby officially a bilingual city, whereby the French differently thanfor example in Murten and Biel clearly outweighs.

Freiburg was always because of the language border, but was the German language at present to the town foundation in 12. Century still prevailing. Although German to before 1800 was the office language in the city, that wonFrench one gradually at influence. With the industrialization a further point of attraction for französischsprachige workers was created. Since the political circulations end 18. Century and at the beginning 19. Century the German-speaking inhabitants were pushed into the minority and during someTime discriminates against.

Exact numbers over language conditions are only present since 1888. At that time indicated approximately 37% to the urban population German as native language. Particularly since 1950 the portion of the German-speaking is by the influx of people from the französischsprachigen ruralArea west and south of Freiburg strongly decreased/gone back. The city expanded thereby above all westward. Nevertheless however 20 becomes since center. Century efforts undertaken to receive the bilingualness.

world views

the population of Freiburgis predominantly catholic. In the year 2000 69% were the inhabitant catholic, 9% Protestanten, 14% belonged to other faith directions and 8% were denominationless. Since that time the city remained in the reformation time with the catholic faith, forms a center of theCatholicism and exhibits an above average high density at churches and monasteries. Since 1613 Freiburg is besides seat of the diocese Lausanne, Geneva and Freiburg.

politics

legislation

Blick von der Kathedrale aus auf die Stadt
view from the cathedral on thoseCity

legislative authority is the general council selected by the voters of the municipality Freiburg every four years (Conseil général). The 80 delegates are selected in the Proporzwahlverfahren. The tasks of the general council cover the budget and audit, the definition of the municipality regulations and thoseControl of the executive.

In the case of the elections in the year 2001 the following allocation of seats resulted:

executive

implementing authority is the local council (Conseil communal). Itconsists of five members and by the people in the Proporzwahlverfahren one selects. The number of the members was made smaller 2001 of nine on five. The term of office amounts to five years. The local council is for the enforcement of the resolutions of the general council, for the executionthe legislation of federation and canton as well as for the representation and guidance of the municipality responsibly. The Stadtammann (Syndic) had extended authority.

The five acting local councils are (since 5. March 2006):

  • Pierre Alain Clément (FR): Stadtammann (Syndic)
  • Jean Bourgknecht (CVP): Vice- Stadtammann(Vice- Syndic)
  • Marie Thérèse Maradan Ledergerber (FR)
  • WAD line Genoud PAGE (CSP)
  • Charles de Reyff (CVP)

Judikative

for the criminal court barness is responsible the district court.

economics

development of trade and economics

Neustadt
new city

in Freiburg developedalready in 13. and 14. Century different branches of industry. At this time the made urban extensions on the eastern bank of the Saane refers to a strong economic upswing. Particularly in the Galterntal water power for the enterprise of mills, saws, became hammer hammerschmieden,Milling and Stampfwerke use. Also along the Saane developed with the local parts outer ones, new city and mats of trade accomodation.

To their own economical bloom 14 led in. and 15. Century the tannery and the Tuchmacherei, supported by at that time in the regionfar sheep breed spread. They help Freiburg owing to the trade to the admittingness in completely Central Europe. The gradual fall of the cloth production began 15 in the second half. Century, when the sheep breed was displaced ever more by the cattle breeding. Further reasons forthe collapse of the cloth industry in 16. It is appropriate for century in the fact that the guilds refused the transition to new materials and mode currents and that the social structures in the city with the arising of the Patriziats changed themselves.

In the future was Freiburg throughthe small trade coined/shaped. The industrialization seized only after the binding to the Swiss Eisenbahnnetz starting from the 1870er years foot. After the Pérolles lake had been accumulated 1872, energy could be supplied with to the city on the Pérolles plateau south and west the Saane.Thus an industrial area developed on this plateau, in which first a Sägerei and a Waggonfabrik dominated. Furthermore at this time two breweries were created, which fused 1970 to the Sibra getting thing AG. 1901 became on the soil of Villars sur Glâne a chocolate factorybased. This came by a cession of territory 1906 on free citizen soil to lie.

In the course 20. Century developed the Pérolles plateau, which had also a railway connection, to the actual industrial area of the city. With the development of new industrial zones outside of the Gemeindegebietes becamestarting from the 1970er years different industries to the outskirts of a town on the soil of Givisiez, Granges Paccot and Villars sur Glâne shifts. The industry could stress a larger place here and received a better road binding (proximity to the motorway), while free the surfaces becomeinto next to the town centre ones to living and purchase zones to be umgenutzt could.

situation today

Blick auf die Saane, die Gottéron-Brücke im Hintergrund
view of the Saane, the Gottéron bridge in the background

today offers approximately 25000 jobs to Freiburg. With 0.6% of the employed persons, who employ still in the primary sectorare, the agriculture has only a minimum value in the acquisition structure of the population. It concentrates today on dairy farming, cattle breeding and something agriculture. About 17% of the employed persons are in the industriellen sector actively, during the service sector round82% of the workers on itself combine (conditions 2001).

Freiburg proves thereby a strong Zupendlerüberschuss and is considered as regional point of attraction to inhabitants in to a large extent agriculturally dominated surrounding countryside. Today food has itself in Freiburg the residents industry on the industriesand luxury, beverages (the brewery belongs meanwhile to the Danish company Carl mountain), building of metals and mechanical engineering as well as on electro-technology, electronics and computer technology specialize.

The largest number of the employees is active in the service range. A large part of it is busy in the administration.Further important sectors are the training system with the University of Freiburg, the bank and insurance, the tourism and catering trade industry as well as the health service. Freiburg is seat of different administrative addresses of internationally active companies. The cantonal hospital is straight because of the municipality border, however tolargest part on the municipality soil of Villars sur Glâne.

New populated areas developed for the 1950er years particularly in the west of the city as well as in the quarters Bellevue and beautiful mountain east the Saanegrabens. Expanded block of flats accomodation partly became, partly also single family house and mansion accomodation (hillsproduction by Chamblioux and Le Guintzet as well as upper beautiful mountain).

culture and tourism

Ratzéhof
Ratzéhof

the city Freiburg form one point of attraction for daily tourists, who want to visit the objects of interest of the city. As tourist attractions are considered the historical old part of town on their salientSpur situation over the Saanetal with the gothical cathedral sank Nikolaus and the museums. The nature-historical museum was created 1873 and is today in the building of the scientific faculty of the University of Freiburg in Pérolles. In the museum for art and history, thatsince 1920 are accommodated in the Ratzéhof, one can admire important collections from the Ur and early history, archaeology, plastics and painting, traditional tin figures, arts and crafts as well as Münz and graphic collections. In the cathedral a vault is opened since 1992. Since 1998in the former Tramdepot furnished Espace Jean Tinguely Niki de Saint Phalle shows works of the artist married couple. To the further museums belong Swiss the figure theatre museum (Musée Suisse de la Marionnette), the Swiss sewing machine museum (Musée de la Couture) and the beer museum Cardinal.

At cultural meetingsthe festival of religious music, the international folklore meeting, is the jazz parade, to call international film festivals and Cinéplus (since 1978). Besides also the present presence with the arts center Fri kind as well as the skirt and Punkmusik in the Fri Son finds its place.

In the year 1999 open measurement and congress center forum Fribourg are on the Gemeindegebiet of Granges Paccot at the northern edge of the city.

education

Freiburg has itself since the establishment of the Jesuitenkollegiums sank Michael in 16. Century and the establishment of the bilingual University of Freiburg in the year 1889 the call of an important education city acquired. All school stages can be visited in Freiburg on German or French. In Freiburg - singularly in Switzerland and in Europe - also the possibility of a bilingual is offeredUniversity conclusion. Also specialized university conclusions are possible in both languages. The emphasis of the education work shifted in the second half 20. Century from the catholicism to the bilingualness.

Among the resuming schools, which have their seat in Freiburg, rank beside the universitythe Ecole de Multimédia et d'Art de Fribourg (EMAF), the training workshop Freiburg (Ecole of the Métiers de Fribourg, EMF), which on the sections technology, computer science, electronics, mechanism and Polymechanik concentrates, engineer and school of architecture, the university for economics and administration,the university for health as well as the educational university.

traffic

Freiburg is the most important traffic junction of the canton Freiburg. The city is because of the old main street, which led from Berne to Vevey. Further main street connections exist with Payerne, Murten and Thun. The connection to the Swiss motorway net took place in the year 1971 with the opening of the motorway A12 from Berne to Matran. Since 1981 the motorway is continuous passable from Berne to Vevey. Freiburg lay thereafter during 20 yearsup to the opening of the A1 at the centerline of the traffic of Berne into the Western part of Switzerland. The motorway umfährt the city in the north and the west and concerns the Gemeindegebiet only in a short section in the Tälchen west the height of Chamblioux.The connection points Fribourg south and Fribourg north are approximately in each case 3 km far away from the town centre.

The binding to the Eisenbahnnetz carried out itself in several steps starting from 1860. First the line from Berne became to Freiburg to 2. July 1860 in enterprisetaken. However the provisional railway terminal at that time was with the Weiler Balliswil approximately 4 km northnortheast the city. The Grandfey viaduct over the Saanegraben was at that time not yet finished. Well two years later, to 4. September 1862 became the entire distance ofBalliswil via Freiburg after Lausanne opens. Also the free citizen station was at the beginning of only one interim solution, until the actual building 1873 was established. Further line openings took place to 25. August 1876 (Freiburg Payerne) and to 23. August 1898 (Freiburg Murten). The connection of the quarterNeuveville to the upper city is manufactured 1899 by an endless rope haulage system. From 1897 to 1965 was in Freiburg approximately 6 km a long streetcar net in enterprise. The streetcars had to yield however starting from 1949 ever more the trolley buses.

For the fine dispersion in the publicTraffic ensures in the city a close network of trolley bus and motorbus lines, which are operated of the TPF (transport publics Fribourgeois). In the further operate Buslinien, among them after bull from the city star shaped into all directions of the canton, Avenches, Schmitten, black castle and into the tourism region black lake.

history

prehistory

the region of Freiburg was settled since the Jungsteinzeit, however only meager finds originate, for example some Silexfunde from the today's citywith Bourguillon as well as stone hatchet blade and bronze devices. During the Roman time a transition was over the Saane with Freiburg. The centerline by the central country ran at that time however further north by the Broyetal and over Aventicum (Avenches). Therefore are also from thatRoman epoch only small settlement traces receive. On the plateau of Pérolles some remnants were discovered by Roman wall foundations.

the Middle Ages

Bürglentor
Bürglentor

Freiburg became 1157 by duke Berthold IV. situation on a rock projection/lead, protected strategically well by tough rings atover the Saane based and with generous liberties equipped. The Zähringer could strengthen and develop thereby their powerful position in Swiss central country in the area between Aare and Saane. The first delivered names of the city are Fribor and Friburch in the meaningplace fastened of. As French name Fribourg EN Nuithonie is delivered.

Since its beginnings Freiburg formed a city state, thus a city rule, to which hardly area from the regional surrounding countryside belonged. When the sex of the Zähringer expired 1218, Freiburg arrivedby a hereditary course to the Kyburger. These granted of the city their past liberties and wrote the Gemeindeverfassung down in the strong one in such a way specified in the year 1249, in which the legal, institutional and economical organization was held. Into this timealso the conclusion of several alliances with the neighbour cities fell, i.e. with Avenches (1239), Berne (1243) and Murten (1245).

By purchase the city came 1277 to the house having castle. Already since center 13. Century flowered to trade in Freiburgand trades up. In the early period Freiburg consisted of four different accomodation: Castle, new city, outer one and hospital. The city developed rapidly and experienced the first extensions: The castle accomodation expanded starting from 1224 to the west, 1254 became further alreadythe bridgehead on the eastern side of the Berne bridge based, starting from 1280 extensions within the range of the Place Python were made. These extensions reflect the economic upswing of Freiburg. Also 14. Century was located completely in the indication of the trade, the cloth production and finishing of leather,which help the city starting from 1370 to the admittingness in completely Central Europe.

The castle right contract with Berne was renewed in the year 1403. The city gentlemen pursued now new territorial politics, by acquiring gradually areas in the closer surrounding countryside and thus the foundation-stone forthe free citizens old person landscape put. Thus the city had already created itself 1442 both sides the Saane a surrounding countryside of approximately 20 km diameters. It was subordinate in the consequence directly to the city gentlemen and not over the intermediate stage of a Vogtes was administered.

The time around the center 15. Century is coined/shaped by different military conflicts. First larger losses in the war had to be deplored against Savoyen. The Savoyard element reached in Freiburg ever more influence, and so the city turned out 1452 ofHaving castle under the sovereignty Savoyen, in which it remained until 1477 after the Burgunderkriegen. As ally of Berne Freiburg participated in the wars against Karl the bold one and could secure so further areas for itself.

After the dismissal outFreiburg 1478 received the status of a free realm city, which with the old person landscape had a substantial hinterland to the sphere of influence Savoyens. Since 1481 Freiburg is member of the Swiss Confederation and was for a long time for the Swiss and European catholicism coining/shaping(see in addition also history of the canton Freiburg). Freiburg knew further area increases in 16. Century first 1536 with Berne with the conquest of the Waadtlandes and 1554 during the allocation of the county Greyerz book.

Out of the cloth and leather trade went sincethe end 14. Century different rich families out, among them Gottrau, Lanthen, Affry, these brook (original from Berne), from which feast, Fegeli and wake. Together with the restaurant aristocracy (families liking gene mountain, Düdingen/Velga, Montenach, close reading mountain and Praroman) 15 formed starting from that. Centurythe Patriziat, which divided power under itself in the consequence. Exactly this was however an important reason for the fall of the cloth production, because once the families come up by trade and trade worried now increased about the city ruleand the administration of the acquired Landbesitzes.

An important milestone in the urban policy is the year 1627, in that itself the Patriziat at that time with a new condition for alone regimentable explained and thus the active and passive right to vote for itselftook up. Thus those was oily archie with restrictive organisational structures, itself already in the course the 15. Century drew, sealed.

the monasteries of Freiburg always formed the meaning of

Kloster Magerau
church and

monasteries in the city monastery Mageraua center of the religious culture, had responsibility themselves for architecture, sculpture and painting and contributed substantially to the bloom of the city. The monastery of the Franziskaner was donated to 1256 by Jakob von Riggisberg. It stood in its start time in close connectionwith the town councillor, by making city archives available kept and the monastic church for citizen assemblies until 1433.

Likewise around the center 13. Century the Augustinerkloster in that was created outer ones, that over long time the support of the aristocracy familyVelga enjoyed. Also the woman Mrs. Magerau (Maigrauge) exists since 1255 and belongs since 1262 to the Cistercian medal .

An important institution was that in the middle 13. Century from the baptism lifted citizen hospital, which worried about the care arms. Underthe Johannitern starting from 1260 a Komturei with attached hospital was built.

While Freiburg remained for the reformation time with the old faith, although its area was nearly completely surrounded by Berne reformed now. Thus it came in the border areas and into thattogether with Berne administered rule again and again to disputes over the faith direction. The city became thereby a center of the Gegenreformation. In the time of outgoing 16. Century into the first half 17. Century became differentnew monasteries based, i.e. the Kapuzinerkloster (1608), the Kapuzinerinnenkloster on the Bisemberg (1621), the Ursulinenkloster (1634) and the Visitandinnenkloster (1635).

The most important monastery was however that one the Jesuiten, which contributed crucially to the advancement and Prosperität of the city. They established1582 the Kollegium sank Michael, which represents the origin of the University of Freiburg with its theological faculty. Also the development of obrigkeitlichen printering decreases/goes back to the initiative of the Jesuiten.

From 1613 on Freiburg residence of the bishop von Lausanne became, thatafter the reformation of Lausanne first in Evian and in the burgundischen exile was afterwards. Today Freiburg is seat of the diocese Lausanne, Geneva and Freiburg.

modern times

Murtentor
Murtentor

the strict patrizische regime (consisting of maximally 60 families)dressed during nearly 200 years all influential posts in the city and played the prominent role in political, economic, cultural and social regard. The suppressed citizens several times united and rehearsed the rising of the people, so also 1781 under the guidanceof Pierre Nicolas Chenaux. With the support requested of Berne the rebellion could be struck down.

With the invasion of the French troops into Switzerland 1798 the end of the Ancien régime were introduced. Freiburg capitulated to 2. March and had itsRule over the landscape lay down. Thus the way was free for the choice of a municipality authority, which as first Stadtammann Jean de Montenach managed. With the introduction of the Mediationsakte under Napoleon 1803 the separation from canton and municipality Freiburg became finalcarried out. The city was now principal place of the district and the canton Freiburg as well as between 1803 and 1809 alternating one of the capitals of Switzerland.

1814 came the old patrizische rule again to power and governed during the restoration time until 1830the city. Afterwards the regime was replaced by a more liberal condition. Freiburg, which took part as city and canton in the special federation, was one of the scenes of the special federation war and had to 14. November 1847 capitulate. Starting from 1848, with the new Federal Constitutionand the change of the canton condition, each citizen established in Switzerland had the right to participate in elections in Freiburg.

In the course 19. Century were there drastic changes in the townscape. Thus starting from 1848 the Stadtmauern were partly torn off and newBridges spanned the Saane and the Galterntal. The connection to the Swiss Eisenbahnnetz starting from 1862 led to the emergence of a station accomodation. With the improved traffic route also the industrialization became generally accepted. The emphasis of the city shifted thereby from the historicalOld part of town into the station accomodation. Extensive areas in the accomodation Pérolles, Beauregard and Vignettaz were covered around 1900 with industrial plants and houses. An important corner point was also the opening of the university 1889. Freiburg received further impulses in the economic upswing 1971 alsothe opening of the first section of the motorway A12 from Berne to Vevey.

townscape and objects of interest

Place des Forgerons
Place of the Forgerons

Freiburg could receive its old historical town centre. It ranks today among the largest closed medieval centers of Europe and lieson a spectacular rock projection/lead, which is flowed around on three sides of the Saane. The built volumes originate to a large extent from the gothical time up to 16. Century; the houses consist mostly of the regional mol ASS and ASS. The core of the old part of townthe castle accomodation still forms, but in 12. Century came the Auquartier (likewise in the Saaneschlaufe, but only approximately 10 m over the valley soil) and at the beginning 13. Century the bridgehead east the river in addition. This easily bent outline of the town pointsa length of approximately a kilometer, but width of only about 100 to 200 m up.

The city was protected by an at least two kilometer long ring wall system, which inserted itself well into the difficult topography. Important witnesses of thesemedieval military architecture of Switzerland also 14 towers and a large bulwark from that are 15 beside the received wall remainders. Century. The former attachment work is in particular in the east and the south kept good. To it that belongs Bernese to gate tower, the cat tower, the red one Tower (from that 13. Century) and the Dürrenbühlturm. The Murtentor (1410) is somewhat younger, the four-Pound tower (route of the Rasoirs, 1411), the route of the Curtils novels and the semicircular Thierryturm (route Henri, 1490) in the northern and western part of the city.

Die Kathedrale von Freiburg
ThoseCathedral of Freiburg

outstanding building in the old part of town of Freiburg is the cathedral sank Nikolaus. It was built starting from 1283 in several stages until 1490 at the place of a Roman place of worship.

In the castle accomodation are numerous further important buildings.The city hall (Hôtel de Ville) became from 1501 to 1522 in the place of the former, in 15. Century destroyed zähringischen castle delighted. Its clock tower became in 16. and 17. Century changes several times. Directly is located next door in a style mixture ofBaroque and classicism city hall held of 1731. Also the state chancellery (1734-37) shows the same style forms and a skulptiertes heraldisches motive over the Hauptportal. The town hall square with the George well (well figure of 1525) becomes also from the Gendarmerie, a building in of Louis the XVI stylefrom 1783 gesäumt. Post-office building of 1756-58 shows the Louis XV style. In the main street (Grand Rue) in former times the market was held. The road becomes of an impressing Häusergruppe from that 16. to 18. Century gesäumt, among them the management building of the urban authority alsoStyle forms from gothic and Renaissance, the house Castella (1780) and the lategothical building Les Tornalettes (1611-13) with stair tower and hitting a corner oriel. At the tough ring first race the house Techtermann, that stand for 14 in the core from that. Century comes and thus the oldestHouse of the city is, as well as the Hôtel tough rings from that 18. Century.

Rathaus
One

finds city hall a number of important church buildings in the upper city, the former hospital accomodation. The dreischiffige dear woman Mrs. (Notre-Dame) goes in the core on 12. Century back, becamebut from 1785 to 1787 comprehensively transforms. From this time the baroque klassizistische front originates, during the bell tower still its original built volumes shows and in the underbody a romanisch--gothical chapel from that 13. Century saves. Also the Franziskanerkirche (original of 1281) alsotheir dreischiffigen gothical choir is worth seeing; the ship and the external facade were renewed 1735-46. To the rich interior equipment the wooden Chorgestühl of 1280, which rank among oldest Switzerland, as well as a high altar from that belong to 15. Century. In the cloisterFresken are received from the time around 1440. Somewhat newer date are monastery and church of the Visitandinnen, which were established 1653-56. Remarkable is here the Zentralbau of the convention church, which is crowned by a oktogonalen Tambourkuppel. The church sank Michael, which, 1604-13 in the lategothical style belonged to the Jesuiten were built, while internal center 18. Century one transformed and one provided with Rococo decoration. The Kollegiumsbauten originates from the epoch of the Renaissance and became mostly end 16. Century establishes. The Ursulinerinnenkirchefinally 1677-79 one provided.

To the important everyday buildings in the upper city belong the Ratzéhof (in the Renaissance style built, today the museum for art and history accommodates 1581-85), the lock La Poya (a mansion, which establishes 1699-1701 for the family Lanthen Heidbecame), the house Gottrau from that 18. Century, the bischöfliche palace (1842-45) and of outgoing 17. Century coming former citizen hospital.

Augustinerkirche
Augustinerkirche

the Auquartier (French accomodation de l'Auge) forms the southeast and continuation of the castle accomodation which is on a deeper level.Here are the monastery and the church of the Augustiner. The dreischiffige church sank Mauritius with polygonal choir goes in the core on the establishment time of the monastery into 13. Century back, became however in 16. and 18. Century changes several times; it possessesrich interior equipment, among them a high altar with carved Retabel (1602) and stone priest seats (1594). The convention buildings originate to a large extent from that 17. and 18. And serve century as seat of the kantonalen service for care of monuments. Until 2005 was here thatPublic records accommodated, which are today in the Pérollesquartier. Also the Auquartier is characterised by different gothical and lategothical houses as well as by places decorated with well (Samariterbrunnen, Anna well).

In the valley soil of the Saane south the castle accomodation is the new city (Neuveville)with the church Maria-help (1749-62, baroque interior equipment) and numerous lategothical houses.

Beyond the Saane, in the mat accomodation (accomodation de la Planche), forms the Komturei and church sank Johannes the center. The 1264 geweihte church were strongly changed 1885 and 1951, duringthe buildings of the former Komturei from that 16. and 17. Century come. Close with the barracks, a delighted memory, which took over and in addition was converted 1821 the function of barracks, stand for 1708-09. Something separated and on three sides of the Saaneflowed around the Cistercian interior abbey Magerau (Maigrauge) lies, which was mentioned for the first time 1255. The church has its original form from that 13. Century to a large extent retained, those were again built for convention buildings after a fire 1660-66. Find lying projection/lead on that east the Saaneitself the monastery Montorge (1626 based) with a simple einschiffigen convention church of 1635, which Loretokapelle (1648 built following Santa Casa di Loreto) and the Bürglentor (havens de Bourguillon), its built volumes from that 14. to 15. Century comes.

Outsidethe old city are the buildings of the university to mention the mansion quarter with buildings of art nouveau in the Gambachquartier and the building of concrete of the Christian king church (1951-53) in Pérolles. Likewise in Pérolles are the lock built for the family these brook from 1508 to 1522and sank Bartholomäuskapelle in the gothical Flamboyantstil, which saves a collection of glass painting from the Renaissance. In Bourguillon (Bürglen) stands the einschiffige church Notre-Dame, which was established 1464-66.

Zähringerbrücke
Tough-ring-hereditarymove

Freiburg is besides for his numerous bridges well-known, those the runthe Saane span. The Berne bridge, which the Auquartier with the bridgehead east the Saane connects, is a covered timber bridge, which received its shape 1653. To the mat accomodation lead from the Auquartier the middle bridge, a stone four-elbow bridge of 1720, and of thatNew city sank Johannbrücke (1746, likewise with tuff and tufa right parallelepipeds). Beside these bridges in the valley Freiburg possesses three high-level bridges. The tough ring bridge connects the castle accomodation directly with the quarter beautiful mountain; it was built 1924 at the place of the large suspension bridge of 1834. Thosenew Galternbrücke replaced a first suspension bridge of 1840 to 1960, spans the Galterngraben and connects the quarters beautiful mountain and Bürglen (Bourguillon). The 1920 provided Pérollesbrücke finally ensure a direct connection from the quarter Pérolles after Marly.

sport

thatmost well-known Sportverein of the city is the ice hockey - club Fribourg Gottéron, which plays in the national league A and so far Swiss vice-master four times became. The plays become in the Patinoire sp-Léonard (capacity: 7433 spectators) delivered. The football - club fiber plastic Fribourg plays inthe 1. League, the highest amateur class.

Since 1933 takes place on first Sunday in the October of the Murtenlauf (Course Morat Fribourg). This counts to the most well-known and most steeped in tradition people runs of Switzerland, with in each case thousands of participants. The distance is approximately 17Kilometer long, leads from Murten to Fribourg and to the memory of the battle with Murten is run.

personalities

see also

literature

  • gas clay/tone Castella: Histoire you CAN clay/tone de Fribourg depuis les origines jusqu' EN 1857. Freiburg 1922.
  • Anton Bertschy, Michel Charrière: Freiburg, a canton and itsHistory/Fribourg, un CAN clay/tone, une histoire. Freiburg 1991.
  • Encyclopédie you CAN clay/tone de Fribourg. Hrsg. under the direction of R. Ruffieux, 2 volumes. Freiburg 1977.
  • History of the canton Freiburg/Histoire you CAN clay/tone de Fribourg. Hrsg. underthe line of R. Ruffieux, 2 volumes. Freiburg 1981.
  • Hermann creator: Art leader city Freiburg. Berne 1979.
  • Marcel Strub: Les monuments D' kind et D' histoire you CAN clay/tone de Fribourg: la ville de Fribourg. 3 volumes. Basel 1956-1964.
  • Silvia Zehnder Jörg: ThoseLarge free citizens chronicle of the Franz Rudella (edition of the chronicle, which is enough into the year 1568, pdf)

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coordinates: 46° 48 ' N, 7° 10 ' O

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