Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo (center) with Diego Rivera (right), 1932

Frida Kahlo (* 6. July 1907 in Coyoacán, Mexico city; † 13. July 1954 in Mexico city) was a Mexican painter.

Table of contents

life

Frida Kahlo was born under the name Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón, its father was called Carl William Kahlo and was a German buyer of lutheranischen faith from good-civil house in Pforzheim ([1]). Their grandmother died with the birth of thesecond child, the grandfather married again. Carl William, who did not understand himself with its new stepmother, emigrated 1890 as 18-Jähriger to Mexico and established themselves in Mexico city as a photographer. He married the Mexican María Cárdena, could after only four years be in-patriated andfrom now on Guillermo Kahlo called itself.1897 die María however and it marry Matilde Calderón y Gonzalez from Oaxaca.

Frida Kahlo is born in this marriage 1907 as a altogether third child (at that time still as “Frieda”), shifted later however its date of birth on the year 1910, thatYear of the Mexican revolution. She found it importantly to emphasize that their life in their eyes would have begun with new Mexico.

As six-year one it gets sick with child paralysis and becomes later with a tragic bus accident at the age of 18 years, with that steel seaweedsby its basin it bores, so heavily hurt that it their everyday life again and again lying and in a complete body gypsum, and/or. Stahlkorsett zubringen must. Immediately after it it begins to paint as occupation in bed. With 19 it paints its first Selbstbildnis.

Against all medical expectations learnsFrida again to run, it suffers however its whole life under the heavy damages of the accident. Painting becomes it the expression of its mental and physical agonies. You also the possibility are taken by the accident of bringing children on the world. Several abortions processesit in pictures like my birth; over the pain can they did not hinwegtrösten however.

In this Doppelhaus in San Ángel (Mexico city lived Rivera and Kahlo 1934 to 1940
Frida Kahlo marries 1929 the famous Mexican painter Diego Rivera, at that time 43 years oldand already world-famous by its enormous political-revolutionary murals (Murales). It deplores the frequent unfaithfulness of its husband, who likewise processes it in its feeling-stressed pictures. 1939 separate it again from it and flee themselves in alcohol, affairs and its painting. But despite thatDifficulties Rivera always remains an important component in its life.

In the 30's it supports the Russian revolutionary and once most important man beside Lenin, Leo Trotzki, to which it gives 1937 a house in Coyoacán together with Diego Rivera. It had in the futurestill different other dear affairs, not only with Trotzki, but also with the photographer Nickolas Muray and the Mexican singer Chavela Vargas. This does not hold it however to admire toward end of its life defiance gravel opponent Josef Stalin. In the Museo Frida Kahlo are two of haven advice, which made it from Stalin.

Only 1953 is shown their works for the first time alone in an exhibition in its homeland, an acknowledgment, which had for a long time wished itself them. At this time already to the bed bound, it can be carried in bed for opening.

The emanzipierte painter and charismatische Rebellin die to 13. July 1954 at a pulmonary embolism. Some friends of Frida Kahlo do not exclude also a suicide, since the painter this allegedly already tried or opposite acquaintance is to have mentioned. There are not clear proofs however,since Diego Rivera rejected the autopsy of its corpse.

Casa Azul in Coyoacan, today “Museo Frida Kahlo”

your color-glad house, which is called because of its external walls Casa Azul held in blue tones, lies in the Calle Londres 247 in Coyoacán and is today as museum toovisit. Recently with change work in a Wandschrank 180 articles of clothing from the region Oaxaca in the style of their Selbstportraits were found, likewise Ohrringe, which are to come from Picasso, as well as scarves, shoes and indigener decoration. The curators of the museum plan an exhibition of the pieces of find in the year 2006.

work and meaning

Frida Kahlo are a painter of Mexico, if not even Latin America most well-known with distance. Their pictures were explained by the Mexican government officially as the “national cultural property”. Whether the artistic quality of its work is to be set thereby really so highly, is disputed.

Tootheir myth surely their moved life contributed: its illness, its suffering, their marriage with Diego Rivera, its unfaithfulness and their affairs. In addition their revolutionary eagerness and a passionate nationalism come. It dressed preferentially traditional, its hair-style according to kind of the native women high-putand home-made decoration of the natives carried. Thus it stressed its indigenen roots consciously publicly, which in the Mexican society into the present is rather unusual. A indigene descent is mostly felt as embarrassing.

Their meaning as an artist wins Frida Kahlo besides in thatProcessing of their suffering in their pictures - in particular natural their chronic illness, in addition, their marriage problems. Are from their 143 pictures 55 Selbstbildnisse. After innumerable operations at eddies and the Amputation of its right foot joy of life in their art hardly remained for something of Fridas. Fridaworks in all its pictures seriously, whereby the seriousness is however usually konstrastiert by bright colors. Their Damenschnurrbart and the grown together brows will witness in their self haven advice to their “brand name” and from their courage to the ugliness; often they are much more strongly emphasized by it thanthey in reality were. Gladly by it small symbols of its mental and physical wounds in its pictures are hidden. Frida Kahlos of pictures have surrealistische influences, however them rejected this labeling.

Diego Rivera wants to have never affected Frida artistically, but is their characteristic andSelbstständigkeit always fully accepted. It wrote a critic: „I do not recommend it to you, because I am their married man, but because I am a fanatischer Bewunderer of their work. “After its death well-known it, it the most important in its life was. Frida Kahlo noted intheir diaries, without Diegos love the painful existence could not have borne it.

It is, judged Rivera, „the first woman in the history of the art, which treats the general and special topics, which concern excluding women “with absolute and relentless sincerity. In this sense meanits pictures a sequential chronicle of their life. Frida Kahlo often refers in its works to the early art of Mexico, those of the Aztecs and Maya, and she reflects the European history of art. Their work is concerned besides with social and political problems. Frida Kahlo was convincedMarxistin and brought this in works as for instance to “El marxismo dará salud A loosely enfermos” (1954) (= splinter: The marxism will express healing to the patients).

film

Frida Kahlos life was represented several times in the cinema.

  • For the first time 1965 in The would run and Death OF Frida Kahlo, told by Karen and David Crommie. When the film was shown 1966 at the international Filmfestival of San Francisco, Frida Kahlo the cinema public was still to a large extent unknown.
  • Frida, naturaleza viva the Mexican director Paul Leduc developed in the year 1984, Ofelia Medina interpret lives and suffering Frida Kahlo in authentic way. The narration happens in chronologically not linear style, memories, fragments is gereiht, many of the scenes together is acoustically under with music and radio programs of this time, the events plays itself often wordlessoff. Kahlos world of pain, isolation, isolation and wrong becomes seable.
  • In the year 2000 developed the experimental Kurzfilm Frida Kahlo's Corse of Liz Crow.
  • The up to now last filming originates from the year 2002. Miramax published Frida with Salma Hayek as a Hauptdarstellerin. The filmbeen based on the biography Frida Kahlos published by Hayden Herrera. This Hollywood production announced Frida Kahlo of a broad public. In it also Chavela Vargas steps briefly on (“La Llorona”).

literature

  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over Frida Kahlo inCatalog of the DDB

}}

  • I will you never forgotten… : Frida Kahlo and Nickolas Muray - unpublished photographs and letters/Salomon Grimberg. [The text of Salomon Grimberg over. Christian Quatmann from the Amerikan.]. - Munich: Schirmer Mosel, 2004. (ISBN 3-8296-0120-4)
  • FridaKahlo: a passionate life/Hayden Herrera. From that English ones. by Dieter Mulch. With a Vorw. of Erika Billeter. - Berne; Munich; Vienna: Joke, 1995. (ISBN 3-502-18311-2)
  • Mexican celebrations: the Fiestas of the Frida Kahlo/text of GuadalupeRivera. Prescriptions of Marie Pierre Colle. Photo of Ignacio Urquiza. [From that English ones. over. of Susanne bird and Rudolf Hermstein]. - Munich: Christian, 1998. (ISBN 3-88472-398-7)
  • Frida Kahlo. Argument with the pain. The tragedy of a large Mexican painter. In: Dieter Wunderlich:EigenSinnige women. Ten of haven advice. - Munich: Piper, 2006 (5. Edition) (ISBN 3-492-24058-5) - the chapter over Frida Kahlo gives it with two thousand-unity also as hearing book.

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Frida Kahlo - quotations
Commons: Frida Kahlo - pictures, videos and/or audio files


person data
Kahlo, Frida
Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderon
painter
6. July 1907
Coyoacán, Mexico city, Mexico
13. July 1954
Mexico city, Mexico
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)