Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann

Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (* 13. May 1785 in Wismar; † 5. December 1860 in Bonn) was a outstanding German historian and statesman; admits as one the “Göttinger filters “and co-author of the Paulskirchen condition of 1848.


father city to table of contents 1


2 occupation and politics of 3 works 4 Web on the left of [work on] training born as Wismar as a Swedish subject; 1802 it referred the University of Copenhagen, where a mütterlicher Oheim took care of its. Predominant inclination supplied it to the study of the philology; but it found the teachers, whom it met in Copenhagen, suitable to few, to promote it and decided therefore 1804, to resounded to go, where Friedrich August wolf exercised a so large attraction. Its studies were interrupted by own illness and the death of its father, who left only poor means, and it came again to Copenhagen to float but only around private studies and was then several years into Wismar. 1809 it traveled to Dresden, where it closed intimate friendship with Heinrich of Kleist, and of where it visited the battleground of Aspern with this during the French-Austrian war.

occupation and politics

in joke mountain he acquired 1810 with a paper over Ottokar of Böhmen the philosophical doctor degree; 1811 it habilitierte in Copenhagen as a private lecturer of the philology, kept however to 1812 the order to hold at the University of Kiel historical lectures and 1813 as extraordinary Prosessor was daselbst employed. In the commemorative speech (Kiel 1815), which it with the celebration organized of the university the battle with Waterloo held, reminded it with serious words to the work on the political Wiedergeburt of Germany.

As a secretary the schleswig holsteinischen knight shank occurred it with eagerness and deciveness for their rights and turned out thereby into an oppositional position for Danish government. It ward not to the tidy professor carries and accepted therefore readily 1829 a call to Goettingen as a professor of German history and the political sciences. Here he dedicated with large success that training activity, however again into the policy entangled himself, by he, after suctions. Göttinger revolution (January 1831) was pulled as Deputierter of the university to the governor general duke of Cambridge mailed, whose confidence won, with statement of the condition to rate and selected from the university to its representative in the second chamber.

Caricature of Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann

both its speeches and its articles in the “Hannöver newspaper” excited by their inconsiderate free courage and their in all directions independent judgement often impact, and it felt isolated with its political opinions. A fruit of its practical and theoretical studies at that time in the policy was the manual of the policy: The policy attributed to the reason and the measure of the given conditions, of which only the 1. Volume (Goettingen 1835; 3. Aufl., Berlin appeared 1847).

The sphere of activity, which Dahlmann in Goettingen had created itself, a sudden end made by the violation of the constitution king Ernst August 1837. Dahlmann wrote the draft of a Protestation, which explained the procedure of the king for a coup d'etat, which could not relieve anybody of the oath sworn to the constitution; six of Dahlmanns colleagues signed this explanation. Their joggle and classification was as well known the consequence of it (see also “Göttinger filters “). Dahlmann, which wrote the classical lampoon over the condition question still for the communication, went first to Leipzig, where one seemed to want to create him a place of calm working, a plan, which failed however to the fearfulness of the Ministry. Now it went to Jena, where it wrote its splendid history of Denmark ( Hamburg 1840 -43, 3 Bde.), which reaches unfortunately only up to the reformation.

After the accession Friedrich of William IV. became Dahlmann 1. November 1842 as a professor to the University of Bonn appoint. Here it won soon an expanded effectiveness. Its lectures became the most visited in Bonn, it were considered far away as political authority, and also the government caught up its advice in important affairs of university. Under the lectures, which it held in Bonn, particularly protruded over the English and French revolution by their political meaning; they were soon also printed (history of the English revolution, Leipzig 1844; 6. Aufl. 1864; History of the French revolution, that. 1845; 3. Aufl. 1864), found rapid paragraph and determined the political judgement of the formed middle classes in Germany.

At the meeting of the Germanistenversammlungen, which, in the years 1846 and 1847 held, had the meaning of a German Vorparlaments, Dahlmann took the liveliest portion. He played a very important, influential role in the national motion of the year 1848. Directly in the beginning the same it was requested by the Minister new-called count Schwerin the participation at the consultation over the Prussian condition, sent soon afterwards as a Prussian man of confidence the Bundestag to Frankfurt/Main, appointed whereupon even the actual Bundestag envoy, which it rejected however, since it was convinced to be able to work in freer position more. The draft constitution of the 17 men of confidence, in which the unit thought too so decided expression came, is mainly Dahlmanns work. Also he was an adviser of the constitution committee of the national assembly.

In the question of the hegemony it was for the agreement under of Prussia guidance with exclusion of Austria, found however thereby neither with the king of Prussia nor with the majority of the parliament applause. At all for a practical policy the rapid realization of the possible one and practical one and the bold resolution were missing to it, like its behavior 1. Septembers 1848 in the question of the Malmöer of armistice and its inability to form a Ministry showed. But it stepped 1849 still decided for the Prussian Kaisertum.

To the participation in the Gothaer Nachparlament and to the support of the Prussian union efforts decided Dahlmann only with large self overcoming: it was convinced that that way will not lead to the goal. But it let select into the Erfurter parliament and occurred themselves also in the summer 1850 the Prussian first chamber, where it advanced toward the rushing into restoration efforts courageously, but without success. Later he withdrew completely from the political life and dedicated themselves with eagerness to its teaching profession. More and more office for association, he left and drew themselves to the feeling of bitter resignation only since the idiom of the things in Prussia 1858 new courage. It died 1860, as one of the most important politicians and the noblest Patrioten Germany recognition.


works of its writings are beside

  • the expenditure of Neocorus' history Dithmar to mention in Saxonian language (Kiel


  • Research from the area of history (Bd. 1, Altona 1821; Bd. 2: “Herodot”, 1824);
  • Source customer of German history, for own lectures of German history arranged (Goettingen 1830; 5. Aufl., hrsg. of Waitz, 1883).

Its 1826 lectures on history Dithmarschens, held in Kiel, gave Kolster (Leipzig 1873) supplemental out. See. A. Springer, Friedr. Christian. Dahlmann (Leipzig 1870-72, 2 Bde.).

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