Friedrich Hebbel

Christian Friedrich Hebbel (* 18. March 1813 in Wesselburen, Dithmar; † 13. December 1863 in Vienna) was a German dramatist. Hebbel was his life long Danish citizen. (Its birth region Norderdithmar was since 1559 under Danish rule and becameafter its death conquered by Prussian troops.) it did not tend only briefly to call its first first name, so that it admits as Friedrich Hebbel became.

It was born 1813 in Wesselburen and buildup there in poor conditions; its father was Tagelöhner. As the familybecause of a not redeemed endorsement of the father their house abandoned, worsened their social situation had. For the father this fate was a disgrace, over which it never away-came.

After the death of its father Hebbel occurred the services of the Kirchspielvogts Mohr, with thatit from the Laufburschen to the writer became. There it lived still in simple conditions; its night camp under the stairs it had to divide with the Kutscher. Already as a child Hebbel had gladly read; during the seven years of its work with the Vogt it could on itsBooks fall back. In the writer tube also its first poems developed.

When Hebbel was 22, the authoress Amalie Schoppe got him to Hamburg and made for him possible so the way of the small Wesselburen into the large world. After it he became acquainted with its briefly in Hamburg Elise Lensing,Gönnerin, later friend and the nut/mother of two of its children.

Hebbel tried in different courses of studies. First it began to study at the Hamburg Johanneum, however fast and left the city broke off, in order to study in Heidelberg law. Also it broke this study however briefly afterBeginning off. Over Strasbourg and Stuttgart he traveled to Munich, where he finally aimed at the doctor exam in philosophy. Hunger, illness and money concerns contributed to the fact that it failed again. In the year 1839 Hebbel returned with rains, snow and bitter cold weather to Hamburg. ThoseIt put distance back in a 20-tägigen foot march, accompanied from its dog. In Hamburg its first two works, the dramas Genoveva and Judith finally developed.

The Danish king Christian VIII. Hebbel awarded a scholarship for a two-year education journey. This led it to Paris, Rome, Neapel and finally to Vienna, where it stayed up to its death. In the meantime it had two sons with Elise Lensing. Despite the children he remained in Vienna and married 1846 there a castle actress Christine close house (actually tightness living). The marriagebrought it material prosperity, so that he could write unimpaired its works. It wrote some dramas, among other things to Agnes Bernauer, Gyges and its ring as well as the Nibelungen. Its largest success is to today 1843 the drama Maria Magdalena developed. In Vienna receivedHebbel ever more public acknowledgment for its work and was distinguished finally than first with the again created Schillerpreis.

During its entire life Hebbel showed social and political commitment. He welcomed the March revolution, took however in principle a loyale attitude for the system of government of the monarchy . he (unsuccessfully) stood as a candidate to 1849 for the Frankfurt national assembly. In its works it describes often tragic, fateful concatenations of events and makes the social problems its time the topic. With sharp words it turned against the seal of its contemporary Adalbert founder, who itas empty idyl felt. To controversies went as if up-brew-send valid Hebbel rarely from the way.

Friedrich Hebbel died to 13. December 1863. In the last years of its life he suffered a consequence of the miss-rich years increasingly in rheumatism, probably before the Viennese time.


Friedrich Hebbel „the Nibelungen “(school edition around 1900, Vienna/Brünn)

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