Fromental Halévy

Fromental Halévy

Jacques Francois Elie Fromental Halévy (* 27. May 1799 in Paris; † 17. March 1862 in Nice) was a French composer and music paedagogue.

biography

Halévy originated from a Jewish family (Lévy). It received its trainingstarting from 1809 to Paris conservatoires by Berton and Cherubini and 1819 with the Kantate Herminie achieved “ the Prix de Rome. returned from Rome , where he had predominantly dedicated himself to the study of the old Italian church music , he tried 1822 in vain, its operas: „La Bohémienne “ to bring and „Pygmalion “on one that Paris opera stages to the performance.

Only 1827 were specified its third opera „L'artisanin theatre the Feydeau, obtained however no success. This did not change also with „Le roi et le more bâteller “ (1828). Only became one year laterHalévys opera „Clari “ at the Italian opera due taken up, to which certainly also the circumstance contributed that the Malibran sang the main role therein.

Its amusing opera following on it „Le dilettante d'Avignon “, found large applause and consequently also on foreign stages entrance. Halévy was soon a composerdaily and received numerous orders, to which under others ballet „the Manon Lescaut owes(1830) and „La tentation(1832) their emergence.

Between these two ballet fall the three small amusing operas „Yelva “, „La langue musicals “ and „Les souvenirs de Lafleur “.

After Halévy had completed 1834 Herolds incompletely left opera „Ludovic “, he stepped out with his most important work La juive (the Jewess). It was uraufgeführt 1835 in the large opera to and announced Halévy European-wide.

Indeed proves Halévy with „thoseJewess “its dramatic gift, its rich melodische invention strength and its fate in the treatment of the Singstimmen like the orchestra in such a way that the work is to be counted to the classical Zierden of the French large opera.

As its secondarybest work is the amusing opera „L'éclair “ (at the end of of 1835) to designate, in the Halévy the direction taken by Auber follows.

To these the operas specified with more moderate applause close „Guido et Ginévra “, „Les treize “, „Le drape “, „Le guitarréro “, „La pure de Chypre “over the lifethe Katharina Cornaro, „Les of mousquetaires de la pure ", „Le val d'Andorre “, „La tempête “ and „lady de pique “ (latter both with text of Eugène Scribe), „La magicienne “ and. A. on.

work

as teachers has Halévy from 1816 on tobriefly before its death to 17. March 1862 in Nice with rare success worked; among its pupils rank under other Charles François Gounod, Victor Massé and François Bazin.

It proved the same artistic capability as an orchestra conductor of the Italian opera (1827 - 1829) and as a director of singing of the large opera (1829 - 1845).

Finally gave it its 1854 effected appointment as the constant secretary that Paris academy of the beautiful arts opportunity to often show up as turned writers and speakers. Its memory speeches published collected as „souvenirs etportraits “ (1861) and „Derniers souvenir et portraits “ (1863).

Beside its stage works Halévy at compositions left only some pieces of church, one four-handles Sonate and smaller pieces for piano. Its brother León Halévy (2 wrote its biography. Aufl., Paris 1863) and Pougin (Paris 1865).

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