Soccer federal league

of these articles describes the soccer federal league of the gentlemen in Germany. For leagues of the same name see: Soccer federal league of the women and soccer federal league in Austria.
The master bowl - Trophäe for the master of the German soccer federal league

the soccer federal league is the highest play class in German Football.

After the resolution of the DFB to 28. July 1962 in the gold hall that Westphalia resounding in Dortmund for the establishment of the soccer federal league is determined since the play time 1963/64 the German football master in the league system. Each association of the league steps into andReplays against every other association of the 1. League on. The crew with most points from all plays becomes German master. From the first federal league the last three crews descend into the second soccer federal league. Below the federal league formsit since 1974 the second highest play class, until 1981 and separately according to the German reunification in the season 1991/92 into 2. League north and south.

The soccer federal league was delivered until 2001 under the roof of the German football federation (DFB), until the again-created German football league (DFL) the responsibility took over.

Table of contents

history

prehistory

of federal league associations 2005/06
1. Federal league (red),
2. Federal league (blue)
already 1932 demanded the DFB president at that time Felix Linnemann the introduction of a “realm league”, a professional league, in which the best associations should out-play the German master. The project was rejected however by the regional federations. Into the sixties the German master among the masters of the particulars became Upper leagues in group plays and final play determines, while the GDR master was already determined for the play time 1949/ 50 in a country-wide GDR upper league.

1962 - few weeks, after the German national team had separated with the WM in Chile in the quarter final -the later DFB president Hermann Neuberger suggested the creation of a uniform highest play class then again. To 28. July 1962 finally decided the DFB Bundestag to Dortmund the introduction of the federal league to the season 1963/64.

Originally the league with 16 crews played,whereby five from the upper league south and the upper league each west, three from the upper league north, two from the upper league southwest and an association should come from the city league Berlin. Sporty and economic criteria should be determining with the selection,whereby only one association per city infrage came. Altogether 46 associations applied for the admission into the federal league. For the participation in the federal league the achievements of the crews of the last twelve years were crucial.

the initial membersthe federal league

the 60's Years

in the season Hertha BSC Berlin was extracted from 1964/65 because of to high payments to the players the license, and the association had to obligation-descend into (at that time second-class) the regional league. Originally also the Karlsruher sports club and the fiber plastic Schalke 04 should when sporty Absteiger leaves the class, both associations raised however objection. Thereupon was specified to increase the number of the associations on 18 and to suspend the descent for one season. For political reasons (Manifestation of the requirement of the Federal Governments since 1949 thatat least the three west sectors of the entire Berlin to the Federal Republic, still standing under four-power responsibility, belong) decided the DFB to take up additionally Tasmania 1900 to the league. Despite a victory to the season prelude the crew rose however after only one play time as the worstTeam of all federal league times with seven federal league minus records (smallest number at obtained gates [15] and highest number to Gegentoren [108], few pluses [8], few victories [2], most defeats [28], smallest spectator number of a play [827] and longest victoryless series [31 plays in consequence])again off. In the same year (1965) Moenchengladbach and Bavaria Munich of two associations ascended with Borussia, which dominated the federal league after short time.

the 70's

at the beginning of the 70's the federal league lost due to of the Federal league scandal around manipulated plays substantially at reputation, what could not wear however much to the enthusiasm for football in Germany, particularly by the profits of the EM 1972 and the WM 1974 in the own country against the Netherlands. Borussia Moenchengladbach created as the first associationthe successful title defense of the German championship (1970/71). Thereupon Bavaria Munich reached the first title having trick ('72 - '74), to today only the Mönchengladbacher ('75 - '77) and Bavaria ('85 - '87, '99- '01) to repeat could. Borussia Moenchengladbach achieved the highest victory of federal league history in the year 1978 by a 12:0 against Borussia Dortmund.

the 80's

in the 80's was a general spectator decrease in the federal league stagesto register. This was among other things because of the fact that several Germans of star changed to foreign associations, in addition, at the budding problem of the hooliganism. By successes of Boris Becker and Steffi Graf shifted the interest of spectator besides relatively strongly inDirection tennis.

1986 were decided the 8-wöchige winter break, since in the winter months some places were unbespielbar and thus plays failed. Also one wanted to work against being missing the spectators because of the bad weather conditions.

the 90's

1991 the German soccer federation of the GDR ( DFV) joined the DFB . With the adjustment of the East German of league system to the West German play enterprise the fiber plastic Hansa Rostock and direct current generator Dresden from the GDR upper league were taken up to the federal league. The league played therefore 1991/92temporarily with 20 associations.

Since beginning of the 90's the federal league enjoys again of increasing popularity with the Germans. This was on the one hand due to the sporty success of the national team (third WM-title 1990 and third EM-title 1996). On the other hand the federal league becamein the media in the last years purposefully markets, which entailed partly a certain star cult of the players.Otto deer hail called it once “the dance around the golden calf”.

the 2000er

sold off signal Iduna park with a federal league play

to 24. August 2003 celebrated the federal league with a play between „federal league dinosaurs “ Hamburg sports association and federal league record master Bavaria Munich their 40. Birthday. 2004 introduced the league of master stars for Meistertitel, which were obtained in the context of the federal league.

The next two play times becameovershadowed released by the football scandal 2005, by the arbitrator Robert Hoyzer, in whose course it came to further determinations against manipulated plays. Hoyzer confessed, plays of the 2. Soccer federal league the DFB cup and the regional league to have manipulated. The suspicion,the fact that also plays of the federal league could have been shifted was so far not confirmed.

To the 2000ern also a creeping purge of the international class of the federal league pointed itself. In the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung lost the league place around place and is today internationalonly as strongly as the Portuguese or the Netherlands league.

Alliance arena

nevertheless the spectator numbers rose to always new Bestmarken. The 306 plays of the season 2004/2005 visited over 11.56 million spectator (on average 37,781), which clearly over the spectator numbersin Spain, Italy or England lies. The European-wide highest spectator cut achieved with 77.235 Borussia Dortmund. The rising spectator numbers can be explained with the many again built or modernized stages and a generally increasing interest in the football.

Work on []

Play mode

the federal league serves primarily the determination of the German football master. All associations play on the basis the season ago a specified play plan twice against each other, ever once in the own stadium and once in the stadium of the opponent. Since thatSeason 1995/96 is assigned for a victory 3 points, for an undecided 1 point and for a defeat 0 points. Before it for each play plus and points of minus were assigned - victory: 2:0 points, undecided: 1:1 points, defeat: 0:2Points.

The crew, which reserves the first seat after conclusion of this double point round, is German master. It is just as entitled as table second to the participation in the champions League (see overview). The three last associations rise into the 2. Federal leagueoff, from which again the best three associations ascend (see overview).

With point equality first the better gate relationship (gate difference) decides the number of obtained gates on the order of the placement, with same difference thereafter. This comparison should still no decisionbring, the following criteria to rate are pulled: the total result from the portions against each other, the number of gates obtained in these portions against each other, the number of gates in the direct comparison, obtained outward. Afterwards the obtained Auswärtstore in all plays decides.If these comparisons do not bring in for anything, at neutral place a deciding match is delivered. This was so far in the federal league however never the case.

changes in the play mode

  • number of crews: 18; 1963-65 was it 16, 1991/92: 20 (overTo create place for participants of the dissolved GDR upper league).
  • Number of Absteiger: 3; Relegationsspiele denied 1963-74 2, 1981-91 2 firm Absteiger, the Sechzehnte of the federal league against third of the 2. Federal league. 1991/92: 4.

overview: sporty qualification

  • 1. Place: German master and participation in the UEFA champions League
  • 1. and 2. Place: Participation in the UEFA champions League
  • 3. Place: Qualification round for the champions League. With non--qualification participation in the UEFA Cup.
  • 4. - 5. Place: Participation in the UEFA Cup
  • 6.Place: Participation in the UI-Cup
  • 16. - 18. Place: Descent into the 2. Soccer federal league

the number of German crews, which may participate in the international competitions, depends on the UEFA five Jahreswertung .

In addition the winner of the DFB cup is automatic for the UEFA Cupqualified. If it should be qualified however already by the result in the championship for an international competition (not UI-Cup), a further crew may advance. Usually this is the been subject cup finalist. This association should however also for champions Leagueor UEFA Cup qualified its, advances federal league sixth.

at the European Cup entitled to take part associations

the individual play times

German masters (federal league, 1963/64 - 2005)

in the history of the federal league achieved altogether eleven associations the Meistertitel, of it only four in the last ten years. On the other hand there were 7 different masters in the first 7 years,before it Borussia Moenchengladbach as first association 1971 succeeded to win the title for the second time.

Twice in consequence of German masters of the soccer federal league so far only Bavaria Munich, Borussia Dortmund, Borussia Moenchengladbach and that became Hamburg sports association. One „title having trick “created onlyBorussia monk close lab oh (1x; 1975-1977) and Bavaria Munich (3x; 1972-1974, 1985-1987 and 1999-2001). So far it succeeded however still to no association to four times win in consequence the German championship.

Association number of Meistertitel years of the championships
fiber plastic Bavaria Munich 18 1969, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005
Borussia Moenchengladbach 5 1970, 1971, 1975, 1976, 1977
Werder Bremen 4 1965, 1988, 1993, 2004
Borussia Dortmund 3 1995, 1996, 2002
Hamburg sports association 3 1979, 1982, 1983
VfB Stuttgart 2 1984, 1992
1. Fiber plastic Kaiserslautern 2 1991, 1998
1. Fiber plastic Cologne 2 1964, 1978
1. Fiber plastic Nuremberg 1 1968
unity Braunschweig 1 1967
TSV 1860 Munich 1 1966

financing

Fußballbegeisterung bei Bundesliga-Spiel
enthusiasm for football with federal league play

the DFL erwirtschaft by the television transmissions of the federal leaguemeanwhile amounts within the three-figure million-range. 300 million euro could be taken by the transmission of the plays in the Pay TV and the summaries in the Free TV annually up to the season 2005/06. This amount will in the future rise again clearly, starting from the comingSeason the transmitters around arena 420 million euro per year to the DFL will transfer. These funds are distributed success-dependently to the associations of the two federal leagues, the new concept momentarily still are in the discussion phase.

Generate beside the television fundsthe professional soccer associations further incomes by tickets and Sponsoring. The yields different depending upon attractiveness and success let one develop thereby ever more largely becoming financial (and thus in the long run also sporty) gap between the individual associations.

By the substantial increasesthe incomes of the associations likewise the height of the transfer fees for players and coaches as well as the salaries of the involved ones are angeschnellt on up to two digit amounts of millions per year in the course of the time. Particularly at the beginning of the nineties it camea quantum transition with the prices for the television practicing rising up: While the public TV organizations had to pay still 18 million DM (converted nine million euro) for the transmission of the soccer federal league in the play time 1987/88, the Erstübertragung of the plays cost the television station SAT.1 tenYears later already 180 million DM.

records

Top Five of of the best goal scorers

  1. Gerd Mueller (1965 - 1979) 365 gates (Ø of 0.85 gates per play)
  2. Klaus Fischer (1968 - 1988) 268Gates (to 0,50)
  3. Jupp Heynckes (1965 - 1978) 220 gates (0,60)
  4. Manfred castle Mueller (1969 - 1990) of 213 gates (0,48)
  5. Ulf Kirsten (1990 - 2003) of 182 gates (0,52)

see also: Top 50 of the best goal scorers

Top Ten of the players with most employments

  1. Karl-Heinz Körbel (1972 - 1991) 602 plays
  2. Manfred Kaltz (1971 - 1991) of 581 plays
  3. Klaus Fichtel (1965 - 1988) of 552 plays
  4. Mirko Votava (1976 - 1996) of 546 plays
  5. Klaus Fischer (1968 - 1988) of 535 plays
  6. Eike Immel (1978 - 1995) 534 plays
  7. Willi Neuberger (1966 - 1983) of 520 plays
  8. Michael Lameck (1972 - 1988)518 plays
  9. Uli stone (1978 - 1997) 512 plays
  10. Stefan Reuter (1985 - 2004) of 502 plays

other records and worth knowing facts

of associations

player and coach

see also

Web on the left of

Wikinews: Portal: German soccer federal league - current message
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)