Coordinates: 35° 22 ' N 138° 44 ' O 35° 22 ' N 138° 44 ' O
|age of the rock:||100,000 years|
|Erstbesteigung:||663 of an unknown monk|
|Lightest route:||Mountain tour|
The Fujisan or mountain Fuji (jap. 富士山) a volcano is and with 3.776 m over Normalnull the highest mountain of Japan. It lies on the Japanese Hauptinsel Honshū. The modern Japanese way of writing of its name consists of kanji 富 fu (richly), 士 ji (Krieger) and 山 san (mountain).
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„Fujisan “or „Fudschijama “?
The designation Fujiyama (in the German-speaking countries according to Duden also Fudschijama), frequently used in the west, is based on up to the end the 19. Century prevailing discussionof Japanese characters: The Kunyomi - discussion of „山 “(mountain) reads - yama, used since the Meiji restoration however particularly in geographical names strengthens the Onyomi - discussion - san. Today the name is expressed in Japanese Fuji san.
The most suitable conversion of theNamed in German Fuji might be. Some Japanologen represented however the view, one can use Fujisan also as name, and appoints themselves thereby z. B. on Mont blank and Mount Everest, there with those the strange word for „mountain “remains likewise untranslated.
of the Fuji is in the contact zone of the eurasischen plate, the North American plate and the Philippines plate and belongs to the layer volcanos of the Pacific Feuerrings. It becomes as active with small outbreak riskclassified.
The last well-known outbreak occurred in the year 1707 during the Edo time. At that time a second Krater and a second summit formed, after the name of the era at that time Hoei zan designated on half height.
Scientists assume that thatFuji in four different sections of volcanic activity was formed: The first section (Sen komitake) consists lying andesit core of one deeply in the mountain. Afterwards Komitake Fuji came - a basalt layer, by which it is accepted that her before severalhundredthousand was formed years. Before approximately 100,000 years „the old Fuji formed “over the surface of Komitake Fuji. It is accepted by the modern, „new “Fuji that he developed before approximately 10,000 years over the old Fuji.
Nowadays the Fuji belongs to the most popular tourist goals in Japan. The mountain is by its form relatively easy compared with other three-rope transmitters to climb. In the summer, if the ascent on three different routes for the public is approved,appear themselves per day approximately 3,000 tourists on the summit.
The highest station which can be reached with regular motor traffic, Gogome, is on approximately 2,300 M. The road there is opened for time to the Obon - only for penalty.
A particularly beautiful prospectfrom the summit is offered, if the sun over the Pacific comes up. Many mountain climbers put a break to break in addition in one of the huts which were on 3.000-3.400 m in and against 2 o'clock at night.
the Fuji inthe Fuji is considered
the lake Kawaguchi from ways of its very symmetrical volcanic cone as one of the most beautiful mountains of the world and is a frequent topic in the Japanese art. The most famous work might probably Katsushika Hokusais picture cycle „36 opinions mountain of the Fuji “its. The mountain occurs also frequently in the Japanese literature and is a popular topic of many poems.
Web on the left of
|Commons: Fuji - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
|Wiktionary: Fudschijama -Word origin, synonyms and translations|