with Futur (lat. futurum - the future) one designates its own grammatical form, which is used among other things for the marking of future one.
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future term(compared with present and past)
the traditional grammar taught the following: The grammatical future is formed in German with the auxiliary verb :
- Marion will arrive tomorrow against 16.30 o'clock. (Futur I)
- Egon will have arrived tomorrow against 16.30 o'clock. (Futur II)
the research hasmeanwhile shown that the use of this kind of education particularly at the tense use of latin of verb with its time sequence so held out strictly mentioned (English. sequence OF of tenses, lat. consecutio temporum) was oriented. In the German language itself the strict application of these rules could outside of that Writing language of an education layer with latin knowledge never correctly implement; also for stylistic reasons works a continuous use of becomes ponderous. Besides is in statements, which already exhibit a clear future purchase (in above sentences that tomorrow), an additional marking of the future in the verb for languageeconomic reasonsactually unnecessarily.
For these reasons in the majority of the cases the grammatical present is used as future form in place by Futur I:
- Marion arrives tomorrow against 16.30 o'clock.
As 1982 resulted in an investigation accomplished at a representative Korpus of texts, became there “future”only in 4,6% of the cases with the Futur I expressed, while for the present 76.0% were calculated.
Thus the present use with future function is not in German clear-proves as “error” or “colloquially” too qualify.
on the question: “Which you maketomorrow? “the answer presses: “I want to go into the cinema.” likewise a future form out.
possibility form (potential)
the form of Futur II will have already arrived as possibility form
- uses Robert. (Futur II)
- EH will have arrived in one hour.
- Meike becomes intheir homework for one hour made.
the form of Futur I (in the second person) is used as request:
- You will up-eat your lunch.
Or as requesting question:
- Will you up-eat your lunch nevertheless?
- You will up-eat your lunch nevertheless!
|Wiktionary: Futur - word origin, synonyms and translations|
|Wiktionary: futur - word origin, synonyms and translations|