Göteborg

coat of arms map
Schwedenkarte, Position von Göteborg mit rotem Punkt hervorgehoben
base data
province (län): Västra Götalands län
landscape (land cape): Västergötland, Bohuslän
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 57° 42 ' 0 " N, 11° 56 ' 0 " O
57° 42 ' 0 " N, 11° 56 ' 0 " O
height: 15 m and.NN
surface: 198 km ²
inhabitants: 484.551
(01.11.2005)
population density: 2,445 inhabitants for each km ²
city arrangement: 21 urban districts (entire municipality) Website
concerns: www.goteborg.se

Göteborg Tondokument ? / License (German Gotenburg becomes outdated) is a Swedish large city into thatLandscapes Västergötland and Bohuslän and Hauptstadt of the administrative unit Västra Götalands län.

With 484.993 inhabitants (conditions: 2005, urban settlement according to Göteborgs stad) are Göteborg to Stockholm the second largest city of Sweden. In the region Göteborg live at present 879,298 humans (conditions: 2005,according to Statistiska centralbyrån)

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daughters of the city

12

Web on the left of [work on] Geografie in the comparison for instance to Stockholm and has with an ice-free sea port an important restaurant factor (heavy industry and ferry boat travel).

The university town is located at the west coast of the countryat the river Göta älv, which flows there into the Kattegat.

North the Göteborger of port are the islands Hisingen, Tjörn and Orust.

Pre-aged the crowds (skärgård) with small and smallest are appropriate for the city in the Kattegatrocky crowd islands, which are partly inhabited.

history

fortress Älvsborg

Göteborg is an establishment of the more recent time. Karl IX. 1603 put on a city on Hisingen, the fourth largest island of Sweden, in the delta of the Göta älv, thosehowever 1612 were burned down by Denmark, on which the city 1621 of king Gustav II. Adolf in current place was created. Many Protestant immigrants from the Netherlands, Germany and Great Britain settled here .

North was appropriate for the city at that timestill Norway, south directly Denmark. The city was put on accordingly as fastened outguards of Sweden.

The town councillor of 1641 was occupied with four Sweden, three Germans, two Scots and three dutchmen. The Netherlands influence was to that todayto recognize usually filled up Grachten of the old part of town worth seeing.

1660 died to Göteborg the king Karl X. Gustav during the realm meeting.

In 18. and 19. Century arose from Göteborg a flowering commercial metropolis, due also to the geographically favorable situation. ThoseCity became an important movement of goods place with relations into the whole world.

In the years 1802 - 1815 were built the cathedral. 1806 was geschleift the fortress works.

Since 1874 connected a large iron swing bridge over the Göta älv for Göteborgwith the island Hisingen.

At the end of of 1884 had Göteborg of 86,223 inhabitants, among them over 1000 Germans. This German colony builds the Christinenkirche, which admits this very day as German church is in the town centre.

The building of ships - and automobile industry (Volvo)profited in 20. And help century of Göteborgs of favorable geographical situation the city further to economic meaning.

Göteborg developed since the end 20. Century to a place for sporty like political large events. Like that 1995 was the city venuethe athlete IC world championship. In June 2001 it came in connection with an European Union summit to large demonstrations.

objects of interest

Utkiken tower in the port of Göteborg

Göteborg is a cultural center with large city atmosphere, which contrasts clearly to majority the rurally coined/shaped surrounding countryside.In the center are numerous small channels (round travels possible!) and pretty old buildings. Everywhere one sees the typical blue streetcars.

As a tourist one moves to foot or with the bicycle best by the city or enjoys themselves the multicoloredNight life. Primarily Göteborg is however well-known for its coffee house culture.

In the center is Gustav Adolfs Torg with a monument of the city founder and buildings worth seeing.

The Kronhuset is the oldest received building of the city, it became in the middle 17.Century builds. Beside this are a Glasbläserei, a small chocolate factory, Goldschmiede and a beautiful Café.

Göteborg of reading mountain

Nobel is round it around the Kungsportsavenyn. At the end of the Götaplatsen, the cultural center of the city with itsPoseidonstatue (1931), which is the landmark of the city. At the place are art, concert and cultural building.

Absolutely one should make a excursion the Göteborgs Maritima Centrum with its numerous ships, lain central. Like are routes on waters of the citywith flat boats, which drive under the name paddan (toad). There are the guidance into Swedish, start English and German and at the bridge with the Kungsportsplatz. With the route several remarkably flat bridges are passed.

Central also the art museum,an overview of the northEuropean art provides.

The Fiskekyrka (1874) is not church, looks however so similar. It actually concerns thereby a fish market hall.

An object of interest is reading mountain, the largest entertainment park of Scandinavia, in the middle in thatCity is convenient.

Trips into the crowd landscape of the region are worthwhile. Attainable for example of the streetcar terminator point salt cross-beams. Trips to the fortress Älvsborg and to the lock Nääs offer themselves likewise.

population

development of the number of inhabitants (31. December;Numbers refer to the municipality Göteborg):

economics and infrastructure

traffic

of historical cars of the streetcar inGöteborg

of the all year round ice-free port operate ferry boats to Denmark, Norway, Great Britain and after Kiel in Germany. Stena LINE, one of the world largest driving shipping companies, has its seat in Göteborg.

Göteborg is railway junction; here those meetMain courses by Oslo, Stockholm and Malmö and/or. Copenhagen together.

Nile the Ericson terminal is Göteborgs (bus) station. From there both regional penalty and national and international express penalty operate.

The city Göteborg has also two airports. East is appropriate for the city toRiksväg 40 the land cousin flygplats, with many national and international connections. Der Göteborg City Airport liegt nördlich der Stadt in Säve und wird vor allem von Billigfluggesellschaften angeflogen.

One reaches the crowd garden with ferries, those from the final stop of the strassenbahnlinie11 (salt cross-beams) drive off.

Since 2000 the infrastructure of the city becomes in the context of the project “Göken” (Göteborgsöverenskommelsen =Göteborg-Abkommen; literally “Kuckuck” translates) very strongly converted. At the port along the road is put underground, in order to create so a large park. Thisthe largest building project is in the history of the city.

streetcar

Göteborg is beside Norrköping the only city in Sweden, which kept its streetcar in the case of the conversion to right traffic 1967. Today altogether twelve operate in the cityStrassenbahnlinien. The first strassenbahnlinie in Göteborg was a horse course between Brunnsparken and Stigbergsliden and 1879 was inaugurated. In the year after a line followed to the Drottningstorget. In the year 1902 the electrical streetcar replaced the horse course.

In the 60's gaveto replace it plans the streetcar system into a metropolitan railway system with tunnels by the center. It was shown however that it was too expensive to build tunnels by the lehmigen soil Göteborgs.

Göteborg has today one the most efficient and bestdeveloped streetcar systems in Europe. Since the entire city center for the motorized individual traffic (except adjoining owners and suppliers) is closed, the streetcar is also the preferential means of transport of the Göteborger.

education

since 1891 is Göteborg university town, it gives twoUniversities:Göteborgs universitet, and the technical university (1829) Chalmers.

Göteborgs universitet covers all Wissenschaftsgebiete. To the university belong and. A. a Handelshochschule, a college of music and journalist training. The Chalmers university becomes fundamental as the technical University of Göteborgsregarded, even if there are different technically oriented study programs also to the Göteborgs universitet.

resident enterprise

the industry Göteborgs is by navigation, shipyards, autofactories (Volvo), oil refineries as well as by the machine, stealing, ironand textile industry characterized. Göteborg is one of the largest fair cities of Europe. The city is seat of many banks and insurance.

Göteborg is also admits for the topic and entertainment park reading mountain.

partnerships between cities

since 1965 is Rostock twin city Göteborgs.

national orchestras of Sweden” have culture the Göteborger Symphoniker for some years the official title. Under their (1982-2004) principal conductor of many years Neeme Järvi made the Symphoniker numerous internationally recognized photographs above all for Scandinavian music.

On the southern bank of the Göta älv Göteborger present opera house was inaugurated 1994. It has own opera, ballet and musical ensembles.

In Göteborg a Metal coining/shaping world-wide resides - scene, which finds under the definition Göteborger Metal admittingness.

The largest Filmfestival Scandinavia finds annually in Göteborginstead of.

literature

Göteborg is determined the scene of the detective stories by Åke Edwardson (“the shade woman”, “the last evening of the season”, “the sky on ground connection” among other things), in those commissioner Eric winters.

sport

in Göteborg is thatwith 17 national championships, 4 national cup victories and 2 UEFA cup - victories, most successful Swedish man soccer association, the IFK Göteborg, resident. Besides still the UC heels and Örgryte IS play national successfully. Also the soccer association GAIS is popular in the city.

The ice hockey team Frölunda Indians became three times Swedish master (1965, 2003, 2005).

see also

sons and daughters of the city

Web on the left of

 

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