At the beginning of the railway age first almost exclusively fourwheel trucks of simple design came to the employment. Almost exclusively covered trucks (also covered at that time mentioned) became, open cars with side boards as well as Flachwagen (alsoand without Rungen) uses. In the course of the time increasingly specialized car was then developed.
Special cars for a limited use, special goods or with special characteristics were already adjusted around 1850 as so-called Privatgüterwagen. By this among other things nearly all tankers and many refrigerated vehicles fall. So-called one Institutes for car borrowing adjust many this car and letting them to the using enterprises.
It quite early already came to first agreements to the mutual use of trucks between the private and state railways; the association of German railway administrations placed around 1850 regulations to the standardization of dimensions andMechanisms up. The establishment of the Prussian state car federation (1881) and the German state car federation (1909) favoured the emergence of types of car built after uniform Normalien. The convention over the mutual use of the trucks in international traffic (RIV) continued this standardization internationally.
With the German course (railways) there are also copies for high-speed traffic up to 160 km/h. There the braking distance of the fast goods trainsthan the usual Vorsignalabstand is however longer, can fast goods trains only on distances with early flight compartment signaling, drive (LZB, FZB and ETCS).
Table of contents
kinds of trucks
one differs various types,constructionally into the following classes to arrange leave:
- trucks - by this cars with high and low boards, tiltable cars and silo cars for bulk materials, like in the picture of the cars type Fc090
- of covered trucks - by this cars for bulks and silo cars for bulk materials
- refrigerated vehicles - either as conventional refrigerated vehicles, which are cooled strongly isolated by a refrigerant such as water or dry ice, or as machine refrigerated vehicles with a powered refrigerant plant
- impact car
- car with openingable roof
- Dust property goods - suitably for pneumatic or hydraulically promotable solids (powder)
- tanker - for liquids and gases of all kinds
- latrine car
- wine tanker
truck can be divided also according to the employment:
another organization is thoseOrganization according to the kinds of goods which can be carried:
mail van do not rank among the trucks.
with the 12-digit car number
stands for type designations (UIC standard) the 5. Number for the type of car, likewise the large letters with the car address. These designationsare already older, so that, which is respectable as standard cars today, during the introduction still another rare car was.
|1||G||of covered trucks Regelbauart||Gbs|
|2||H||of covered trucks Sonderbauart||Hbbills, Habbins|
|3||K, O, R||Flachwagen Regelbauart||Kbs, Res|
|4||L, S||Flachwagen Sonderbauart||Laeks, Shimmns|
|5||E||of open car Regelbauart||it, Eaos|
|6||F||of open car Sonderbauart||FK, case|
|9||U, X||Sonderwagen, dust property car||Ucs, Uaai|
|0||T||cars with openingable roof||Tbis, Tamns|
italic writtenLetters are designs where this number are attached, but does not correspond to the designation.
- O, Flachwagen with high side boards to attach between E and K.
- X, railway service car
- see also: Design designation name for truck
the existence of goods railroad cars of the railway in Germany
- 1850 -9.147
- 1860 - 66,728
- 1870 - 168,902
- 1880 - 328,858
- 1890 - 436,833
- 1909 - 486,121
- 1911 - 560,000
- 1945 - 127,000
- 1950 - 270,000
- 1960 - 272,700
- 1970 - 282,500
- 1980 - 287,400
- 1990 - 206,900
- 1995 - 178,500
- 1996 - 167,300
- 1997 -150.600
- 1998 - 139,700
- 1999 - 132,400
- 2003 - to 107,031