the term Gabelle or Gabella (of the medieval of latin gabulum) was used in France originally for taxes on any kind by goods, was limited however gradually to the salt duty. As gabella emigrationis it was a departure money, which was to be paid in former times the fortune carried forward by an emigrant for. Gabella hereditatis was the tax, which was to be paid for an inheritance or a donation going abroad.
In the course of the time the salt duty became one of the usually-hated and most unequally distributed taxes in the country, but although all reform trailers disapproved it, it only 1790 was abolished. First during the rule Philipps IV. in the year 1286 as makeshift raised, it became of Karl V. made a durable tax. The government obligated each individual over eight years to weekly buy a minimum quantity of salt at a determined price; the tax worked thus as state monopoly. When the giveal was introduced for the first time, she was uniformly imposed upon to all provinces of France, but for the longer part of their history she varied in different provinces, which one can classify in five groups:

  1. The Pays de grandes giveal with the highest tax
  2. the Pays de petites giveal, in those the tax half of the previous amounted to
  3. the Pays de salines, in those the tax on the salt from the Salzmarschen was raised
  4. the Pays redimés, which acquired 1549 a release from the tax
  5. the Pays exempts, which required an exception of the tax, when they were united with the Kingdom of France.

The producers had to supply their salt to the Greniers à sel (salt chambers since 1342), which were furnished in each province; during neglect Konfiszierung threatened. The salt chamber determined the price, it for the salt paid and sold it then to a higher course to the retailers.

See also: Salt duty


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