Gabriel González Videla

Gabriel González Videla (* 22. November 1898 in La Serena; † 22. August 1980 in Santiago de Chile) was a Chilean politician. He officiated from 1946 to 1952 as a president of his country.

Gabriel González Videla was born as the oldest of 18 children. After its school time it studied jurisprudence until 1922 to the Universidad de Chile in Santiago. Afterwards it returned to its hometown La Serena, where it engaged itself in the local policy for the radicals a party and worked as a lawyer. it occurred 1926 against the military rule of Carlo Ibáñez del Campo . Starting from 1932 he was a chairman of its party. It represented its homeland constituency from 1937 to 1941 in the Chilean parliament. When his party along-created the Frente popular, González was selected to the chairman of this alliance.

The Chilean president Pedro Aguirre Cerda sent it 1939 as an envoy to Europe, in order to represent Chile in France , Belgium and Luxembourg. He came into Europe at the 1. September 1939 on, which day, on which the Second World War broke out. Apart from its diplomatic activity in Paris González used the opportunity for a study of the economic science to the Sorbonne.

After its return to Chile he stood as a candidate against Juan Antonio Ríos around the presidency candidacy, was subject however and of Ríos, which won the presidency elections of 1942 then clearly, as an Ambassador to Brazil was sent. he asked 1944 for dismissal of this post, in order to work again in Chile politically. In the following year he was selected for the region Tarapacá and Antofagasta into the senate and represented (with others) its country in San Francisco with the establishment of the United Nations.

After the death of president Ríos in June 1946 appointed it its radicals party as a presidency candidate; also the party alliance Alianza Democrática from radicals, communists and democrats, for whose continuation González had occurred internal party-line vehement, supported its application. With the elections of 4. To September 1946 it triumphed with 40,1% of the voices, since it could achieve however no absolute majority, had it in accordance with the Chilean condition as a president still by the congress to be confirmed.

At the 3. November 1946 it began its office. Also representatives of the communist party belonged to its first cabinet beside radicals, liberals and independent Ministers. The relationship of the president to the communists worsened however fast, particularly over the appropriate role of the state in the economic policy went the opinions far apart. When in July 1947 the employees of the public suburban traffic in Santiago with support of the communists struck against the government politics, it came to the final break: González dismissed all communists from public offices. Thereupon the strikes expanded on the copper and phosphate mines; the government answered with hard measures, issued special laws and closed communists and union representatives in internment camps.

At the 3. September 1948 adopted the government under Gabriel González (alsointernal party-line) disputed “law for the defense of the democracy” (Ley de Defensa de la Democracia), with which the communist party was forbidden and their militant representatives also from the voter registers gestrichten became. The diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and the countries of the Eastern Bloc broke off in the consequence soon.

The hard line opposite that linking was accompanied by some concessions in the social politics. Thus laws were decided for continuation of wage payment and to the protection against dismissal and the rents were limited. In May 1949 the woman right to vote in Chile came into force.

With regard to foreign policy González supported the Chilean requirement for territorial on a part of the Antarctic, by letting 1948 a military basis establish there.

1952 ended its term of office; with the elections of 4. September 1952 was selected Carlo Ibáñez del Campo to the successor by Gabriel González Videla. González remained actively nevertheless in the political life: 1962 he took over the presidency of the Frente Democrático, with which he fought against the propagation of communism in Chile and Latin America. Consequently he withdrew after over forty years from radicals the party, when this considered in August 1971 occurring the government of the Unidad popular under the communist Salvador all end. 1973 after the Putsch that of military under Augusto Pinochet became González vice-president of the Council of State (Consejo de Estado) and worked also at the preparation of the condition of 1980, which should legitimize the military regime constitutionally.

After a cardiac infarct Gabriel González Videla died to 22. August 1980.

see also: History of Chile



 

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