Gabriel Voisin

Gabriel Voisin (* 5. February 1880 in Belleville sur Saone; † 25. December 1973) was French airplanes - and automobile a technical designer as well as was it a Vizedirektor of the Àero club de France.

Table of contents

the beginnings

the son of a giesserei-Besitzers already built in recent years with its two years younger brother Charles a steam boat. End of the 1890 - it years began the brothers Voisin in the Fliegerei to interest and designed themselves a gliding flight witness - during a short period in co-operation with the airplane pioneer Louis Blériot - in addition, their first car.

As Gabriel Voisin in of Paris architecture and mechanical engineering studied. After it interest in the Fliegerei showed it enlisted by Ernest Archdeacon around gliding flight things to after-fly. In the spring 1904 it could complete some gliding flights of up to 25 seconds of duration.

The establishment

already 1905 created Gabriel Voisin as well as Louis Bleriot an enterprise for the production of airplanes. The successful 14bis von Alberto Santos Dumont was manufactured here. The two zerstritten itself however over the further procedure. Bleriot was disbursed. This led in the year 1906 to the establishment of its own aircraft factory with Gabriel Voisin as technical designer and Charles Voisin as a pilot, who Societe of the airplane Voisin, which itself first with the production of a gliding flight witness busy, who was however soon motorized. 1907 was built for two machines, one for Henry Kapferer as well as one for Léon Delegrange, which was also also actually flown by Gabriel Voisin. In January 1908 the company in Europe became admits, when it succeeded to Henri Farman, with the same model as also Delegrange received, with 50.000 the francs endowed second German price for a flight over the closed kilometer to win.

This company was in the 1. World war one of the most successful airplane manufacturers, and so was Gabriel Voisin - its brother died with a traffic accident in the year 1912 - with end of war quite wealthy. However it turned away at this time from the aircraft construction and did with the friendly automobile technical designer André Citroën together, in order to build in the company Voisin a luxury car developed by Citroën engineers.

Other branches of production

in addition with Voisin at this time still another open small car as well as a bicycle with auxiliary engine were produced. A further support leg Voisins was for some time the construction industry, here benefitted it its architecture study. It produced steal-strengthened prefabricated timber buildings in its enterprise, surely a consequence of the acquaintance with the well-known architect Le Corbusier.

Restriction on the automobile

1919 however all other productions up to the M1 luxury car specified were stopped, since he showed himself as extremely successful and lucratively for Voisin.

The M1 was a 6-sitziges vehicle with a wheel base of approx. 3.50 meters, propelled of in relation to the usual engines due to its construction principle competitionless quiet and also maintenance-poor 4-Liter slidegate valve engine with an output of 75 HP. Production costs for this vehicle were however quite due to the slidegate valve engine high and the number of potenziellen buyers relatively low, and so soon smaller vehicles were presented, so to the c1 with 100 HP (up to 130 HP with employment in running vehicles) and in the year 1922 the C3, an improved c1 with the new fact brake assembly of the affecting all 4 wheels.

In addition a smaller version of the M1 with a 1,3-Liter-Schiebermotor, C4 was called, produced. Some people said possibly rightfully a certain size illusion to Voisin after. An indication for it may have been the C2, an automobile with a wheel base of approximately 4 meters, propelled by a 7,2-Liter-V-12-Motor. However only 2 copies were built by this car.

Racing car

Voisin built also cars for automobile racing. For the Grand Prix of France in the year 1923 it even arranged a complete team with 4 vehicles; since the cars had performance-related far been subject to those the competition, the bodies with the experiences from the aircraft construction were designed extremely easily and aerodynamically.

With again and again modified „Laboratoires “Voisin in the most diverse running classes participated, and with particularly a vehicle - called C5 -, built for it, 50 different long-distance records could be set up.

Series vehicles

in addition, within the range of the series vehicles Voisin remained dormant and did not develop in its „Compagnie of the airplane Voisin “always new innovations, like e.g. Bodies from aluminum or improvement of the air resistance factor by itself upward tapering bodies. 1938, after approximately. 17.000 - 27,000 (different sources) built vehicles automobile production was stopped, the work of gnomes et Rhone, a French aircraft engine manufacturer, taken over. However Voisin as a director and technical designer remained in the company.

After the war

in and then particularly after that 2. World war developed Voisin a small car, propelled from a motorcycle engine; the draft became of a company in Barcelona, Spain, „the Autonacional S.A. “, bought. The vehicles developed from the draft were called Voisin Bi-Scooter and 20.000 were about 20,000 times sold.

The incomes from this vehicle secured Voisins old age, which it lived with one about 60 years younger Spaniard and developed on which it still different projects from the ranges automobile, airplane and shipbuilding, which were all together never carried out however. In addition it wrote different books.

Gabriel Voisin was considered as not always simple humans, who did not go to an argument out of the way. It wrote on the contrary often bitter-bad reader letters daily papers and was admits for evenly so badly scolds on its competition. Among other things it denied time life the fact that the brothers WRIGHTs had accomplished the first motor driven flight of history, but was written and/or. one of it designed airplane this success too.

Web on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)