Gabriel de Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau

Honoré Gabriel Victor you Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau (* 19. March 1749 in Bignon with Nemours, Département Loiret; † 2. April 1791 in Paris) was a French politician, Physiokrat and a journalist.

Mirabeau was a delegate and Wortführer of the Third conditions in the general conditions and one of the prominent persons during the start time of the French revolution. Mirabeau was 1790 president of the Jakobinerclubs and held for 1791 the präsidialen presidency of the national assembly.

Gabriel de Riqueti count von Mirabeau

Mirabeau is among other things by his thunder wedge admitsbecome, with which it to 23. June 1789 the royal ceremony master a removal gave, when this wanted to dissolve the meeting of the general conditions.

Since Mirabeau did not receive financial support by its father, he went to the military. He lived since 1771 in Paris, where he 1772 MarieEmilie de Marignane married. He became on announcement its father of Ludwig XV. banished by his possessions and arrests 1775.

In the detention time, while which he was allowed to leave the prison, he became acquainted with Marie Thérèse de Monniers. Both fallen in love in each other and fled themselves inSwitzerland. He was condemned because of adultery in absence to death and arrested 1777. It succeeded to it to let its death sentence cancel. It had to go however soon again into the exile, after it switched itself on into a process between its parents. It went to Prussiaand member of the Illuminati with the name became 'Adramelech/Leonidas '. He lived also in Holland, where he became in Amsterdam Freimaurer. Later it pulled to London.

The constitutional monarchy existing in England pleased Mirabeau so much that it for itsoon the ideal society model represented.

With the elections to the general conditions in May 1789 he became a delegate of the third conditions. By its stay in England Mirabeau saw the aristocracy and the church as main obstacles of the liberty. It was relevant at the abolishment of the privilegesthe aristocracy and the collection of the church goods takes part. It regarded the king however further as necessary.

Its popularity suffered a further setback, than to the king admits its close relations became. Thus Mirabeau could its living costs of the French king yard be paid. Mirabeau became nevertheless to 30. January 1791 president of the national assembly. It died to 2. April 1791 suddenly, so that one assumes a poison murder. Mirabeau was buried in a state funeral in the Panthéon. After further proofs of its connections to the king yard were found, its body became in November 1793 from thatPanthéon removes.

Kleist describes Mirabeuas thunder wedge in its essay over gradual producing of the thoughts when talking very descriptive:

(...) That “thunder wedge” of the Mirabeau occurs to me, with which it dispatched the ceremony master, that after abolition of the last monarchischen meeting of the king at the 23ten June,in which these anbefohlen to apart-happen to the conditions had, to the meeting room, in which the conditions still stayed, it returned, and it asked it whether they would have heard the instruction of the king? “”, Mirabeau, “we answered the king instruction heard” - I am certain that he,this human beginning, not yet of the bayonets thought, with which it closed: “, my gentleman”, he, “we repeated him heard” - one sees that he knows still not at all quite, what he wants. “Nevertheless which entitled it” - it continued, and nowsuddenly pours tremendous conceptions does up “us go to it instructions to suggest here? We are the representatives of the nation. “- That was it, which he needed! “The nation gives instructions and receives none” - around itself equal on the summit of the measuringness to swing. “Andso that I explain myself completely clearly them " - and only jetzo he finds, what expresses the whole resistance, to which its soul stands there prepared: “In such a way you say their kings that we will differently not leave our places, than on the force of the bayonets.” - On whatit itself to content on a chair put down. (...)

Famous is Mirabeau also for its Bonmots, e.g.: „Prussia is not a state with an army, rather an army, which possesses a state “. In addition admits is the saying that Prussia in a cannon ball was born.


  • Essai sur le despotisme
  • Histoire sécrète de la cour de Berlin (1786/87)
  • ladder of the Wollust (1798)
  • the discussions of the Aloisia
  • the ventilated curtain or Lauras education

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