Gabriele lively

Gabriele lively (* 19. February 1877 in Berlin, † 19. May 1962 in Murnau at the relay lake) was a painter of the expressionism and life companion of Wassily Kandinsky in the years 1903 - 1916.


your wealthy and new one opposite unlocked parents, who supported their training as the painter, die early. After a first private indication instruction, 1897 and a two-year journey by the USA lively pulls to the attendance of a lady art school in Duesseldorf 1901 to Munich. At this time women were not accepted however yet at the there academy of arts. Lively therefore their study continues at the mark school of the artist association and visits courses at Wassily Kandinskys art school Phalanx. It is long one year itTeacher, then closes the school, but it remains, although until 1911 still marries, their loving, with which it lives together openly - for a young woman 20 beginning. Century courageous step. To 1917 they are a pair, undertake numerouscommon journeys after Tunesien and to the Netherlands, to Italy and to France.

Münters house in Murnau

during their first common stay in Paris 1906 /07 sees pictures of Henri Matisse and the other Fauves , which livelytheir mark style lastingly changes. It creates numerous wood and Linolschnitte, it develops over a quarter of its graphic work. From its return 1908 to Munich it paints spätimpressionistische free light studies of rather small format. 1909 buy it a house in Murnau at the relay lake. Here she spends the summers with Kandinsky and receives numerous artists of the residents of Munich avant-garde: Marianne of Werefkin, Alexej of Jawlensky and Adolf Erbslöh, later also Franz Mark, August Macke and the composer Arnold beautiful mountain liveoccasionally in the Russian mansion in Murnau. Artistically it begins its own, abstract mark way in bright, absolute next to each other set colors and strong forms, which are limited with dark outlining lines. She becomes co-foundress of the new artist combination Munich together, from that herwith Kandinsky, Marks and Alfreds Kubin already 1911 again withdraws; they form then the core of the recent group for blue rider. With a common exhibition lively experiences its first large artistic success.

During the First World War Kandinsky Germany leavesas hostile foreigners and returns to Russia . 1915-1920 live lively in Scandinavia, it give a last meeting in Stockholm. But since 1917 Kandinsky refuses any contact. Only later it experiences years that it in this year againhad married.

Starting from 1920 lively lives alternating in Cologne, Munich and Murnau. Depressions hold it temporarily from painting. After its removal 1925 to Berlin reduced female Portraits in pencil develops on outlines. 1929 /30 give a renewed longer Paris staytheir work new impulses. It pulls 1931 with its second life companion, to the art historian Johannes Eichner, after Murnau; there it essentially paints flower still lives, in addition, numerous abstract studies. An exhibition prohibition by the national socialists forces it 1937 into the private retreat.

After the Second World War lively is represented 1949 with nine work in a retrospective blue riders in the resident of Munich house of the art. Starting from 1950 a total exhibition of their work is shown in numerous German museums. She gives Munich to the city tootheir 80. Birthday their unique collection, numerous own works, over 80 pictures Kandinskys as well as work of other members blue riders, whereby the urban gallery in the Lenbachhaus becomes at one blow world-famous. The Russian mansion in Murnau is today a memorial place,the very personal work shows, among other things from Kandinsky and lively painted furniture and walls as well as collections of popular objects.


1909, “listening “(portrait Jawlensky), Munich, Lenbachhaus
1910, “landscape with white wall “, Hagen, East house museum
1911, “chaff cart-loads “, Munich, Lenbachhaus
1911, “hoar frost landscape “, Wuppertal, of that Heydt museum

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