Gabon

République Gabonaise
Gabonese Republic of
Flagge Gabuns
Wappen Gabuns
(detail) (detail)
Wahlspruch: Union, Travail, Justice

(frz. for „agreement, work, justice “)

office language French
capital Libreville
system of government Präsidiale Republic of
head of state president El Hadj Omar (Albert Berne pool of broadcasting corporations) Bongo (since 1967)
prime minister Jean Eyeghe Ndong (since 2006)
surface 267,667 km ²
number of inhabitants 1.355.246 (conditions July 2004)
population density of 5 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 4,675 US-$ (2004)
independence 17. August 1960
currency CFA franc
time belt UTC +1h and/or. MEZ
national anthem La Concorde
national holiday 17.08.
Kfz characteristic G
internet TLD .ga
preselection +241
Karte Afrikas, Gabun hervorgehoben
Karte Gabuns

Gabon (frz.: Le Gabon) lies in Central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and the Republic of the Congo, as well as on the gulf of Guinea. Gabon lies with 1° 00 ' south and11° 45 ' east. The equator runs by the country. National holiday is the 17. August.

Table of contents

geography

Gabon lies closethe western Atlantic coast of Central Africa, of where it extends in eastern direction to short before the Congo basin. Its coastal length amounts to 885 km. The western coastal low country rises after approximately 200 kilometers in the form of steps up to the Niederguineaschwelle in the east.

Largest riverthe country is the Ogooué, which cut itself with its numerous tributaries deeply into the area outline of the high country. Highest mountain of the country and the Niederguineaschwelle are simultaneous with its 1,575 m of the Mont Iboundji in the Massif you Chaillu.

In Gabon there was the only well-known natural nuclear reactor, the nature reactor Oklo.

The largest cities are (conditions 1. January 2005): Libreville of 578,156 inhabitants, haven Gentil of 109,163 inhabitants, Masuku of 42,967 inhabitants, Oyem of 30,870 inhabitants and Moanda of 30,151 inhabitants.

See also: List of the cities in Gabon

population

ethnical groups

the majority of the population are member of Bantu - peoples (35.5% Mpongwe, 15% Mbete, 14% Punu and 11.5% catch). The moreover one live too1.5% Pygmäen as well as approximately 60,000 Frenchmen, mostly in the cities, in Gabon.

religion

about 65% the inhabitant are Christians (approx. 60% catholic, 5% different Protestant churches). The remaining population hangs people religions, above allthe Bwiti, on. A small minority with 5% admits itself to the Islam, since 1998 tendency rising.

history

to 17. August 1960 attains Gabon the independence from France. The establishment of the portion of Démocratique Gabonais (PDG)taken place to 12. March 1968. Since independence by autocratic presidents governs 1960, Gabon introduced a multiple party system to the 1990er years and adopted a new condition, which made a reform of the government organizations and more transparent elections possible.

Those relativesmall population, the enormous raw material occurrences and the considerable assistance of the foreign country made Gabon one of the few flourishing states of Africa. Lambaréné in Gabon accommodates by Albert Schweitzer justified and up to its death the 1965 of this led jungle hospital.

economics

Gabon is one of the raw material-richest states of Africa, with substantial Erdölreserven before the coast. Accordingly crude oil and oil products count , on those approx. to its main export goods. 80% of its export incomes are void. In the interior become manganese, uranium and gold promoted.

Further Gabon belongs to the largest tropical wood - export countries of Africa - approx. 80% of the national surface are covered of tropical rain forest. Furthermore for the export coffee, cocoa, rubber, Palmöl and sugars are cultivated. The cultivation of basic foodserves above all the internal requirement, can cover these however not completely. The most important trade partners are the USA and France.

The gross national product amounts to 3,760 euro for each inhabitants. Gabon is thus one of the richest countries of black Africa. One prevails neverthelesshigh national indebtedness, negotiations with the International Monetary Fund let which appear necessary over a structural adjustment program.

administration

the provinces of Gabon

the state is divided into nine provinces:

No. Name capital
1 Estuaire Libreville
2 skin Ogooué Franceville
3 Moyen Ogooué Lambaréné
4 Ngounié Mouila
5 Nyanga Tchibanga
6 Ogooué Ivindo Makokou
7 Ogooué Lolo Koulamoutou
8 Ogooué maritime haven Gentil
9 Woleu Ntem Oyem

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coordinates: 4°S -2°N, 9°-14°O

 

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