Gainesville is a city in the Alachua County in the US Federal State Florida, the USA, with 108.856 inhabitants (conditions: 2004) and seat of the County administration. The geographical coordinates are: 29,40° north, 82,20° west. The city has a size of 127,2 km ².
Gainesville is the seat of of Florida largest and oldest University of, a center for education, medicine, cultural events and sport. The University OF Florida and the Shands hospital is the most important employers of the city and offers many different jobs for the city and environment. The city is admits for its innumerable parks, historical buildings, natural environment, museums and lakes. Gainesville is well-known in the USA as the best city, in which one can live, as per. Money of magazines in September 1995.
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long ones before the Spaniards in this area landed, were the area a outstanding place for those here resident Indian. The Spaniards had to control largest problems the far area and were unable the enormous inflow of the American settlers to be stopped. Thus they finally surrendered the area 1824 to the USA . The 2. Seminolenkrieg slowed the development down of Florida, but after the building of the railway the development constantly rose.
1860 had Gainesville of 232 inhabitants. During the American civil war base of a commissioner of the Konföderierten army and scene of two large battles. After the end of the civil war Dainsville became a commercial centre for cotton and agricultural goods. In the next 25 years strengthens Zitrusfrüchte cultivated. After two major fires around 1880 one began to replace the timber buildings by solid brick buildings. A further railway line ensured for the fact that the number of inhabitants rose to 3.000.
At this time Gainesville was the largest city in Florida. The city had already an opera, paved roads, an underground urban water supply, telephone and electrical light. The further development of the railway brought a further upswing in the trade with Zitrusfrüchten and phosphate. Likewise the area became interesting for tourists, investors and speculators. Despite some harvest failures and severe winter in the years around 1890 rose the prosperity of the population and the economy concentrated further on phosphate, cotton and agricultural products and their industrielle marketing.
The first 20 years 20. Century were one hard patience sample for the agriculture, there a new kind of beetle regular the new Getreideernte destroyed and the 1. World war the phosphate industry for succumbing brought. 1906 opened the university of Florida their gates and had in the first year 102 students. 20 years later the number of the students had risen already to 2.000. In the years 1920 to 1938 the University of the most important employer and the largest assistance the dominant depression was to be gotten over. During 2. World war rose the number of the inhabitants to approximately 14,000.
The post-war period brought enormous increase in the population and economic upswing to Gainesville. The inflow of thousands veterans. on the search for training and work, led to a complete reorganization of the city. The university, which had increased now 1947 on over 9.000 students, built a medical school. 1970 had the University of approximately 23,000 students and in the year 2000 over 44.000. Thus it became most important research institution generally speaking the south of the USA.
- worth seeing arm Nature park
- Palm POINT park
- Gum root park and Swamp Conservation AREA
- Gainsville Hawthorne State Rail Trail
- Alfred A. Ring park
- Devil's Millhopper
- Kanapaha Botanical Gardens
- Lake Alice
- O'Leno State park
- Paynes Prairie State Preserve.
- Anchor School Elementary School
- Charles W. Duval Elem School
- C. W. Norton Elementary School
- Glen jump Elementary School
- Hidden Oak Elementary School
- Idylwild Elementary School
- Abraham Lincoln Middle School
- away Clarke Middle School
- Howard W. Bishop Middle School
- Kanapaha Middle School
- Westwood Middle School
- Eastside High School
- F. W. Book wood High School
- Gainesville High School
- W. Travis Loften High School
resuming educational facilities
- Gainesville High School
- Eastside High School
- book wood High School
- Sante Fe Community college
- University OF Florida
- University OF Florida Laborato
- Shands RK AGH
- Shands RK the University OF Florida
- Shands Children's hospital
- North Florida regionally Medical center
of sons and daughters of the city
- Merritt Butrick, US-American actor
- Rodney Mullen, 35-facher Freestyle world champion in the Skateboardfahren
- Tom Petty, US-American musician
- Less Than Jake, American Ska volume
- Hot Water music, American Punk volume
- Sister Hazel, American root Southern skirt volume
- Drew copilot country, establishment member of Sister Hazel and solo musician
in Gainesville gives it at present 96 different churches from 20 different denominations. Under the churches belonging to a denomination the Baptistengemeinde with 33 churches is most strongly represented. There are 7 churches belonging to no denomination (conditions: 2004).