Gallus (holy one)

the holy Gallus (lat. the Celt) (* around 550 in Ireland; † 16. October 640, after other sources: 620 or 646 - 650, in Arbon, Switzerland) was an Irish monk and Missionar in the Bodensee area.

Table of contents

occurred Gallus churches 4

Web on the left of

lives

[work on] the monastery. It went around 590 asone of twelve companions of the mission acre Columban of Luxeuil in the European mainland. They came on their mission journey of Metz the Rhine upward into the area Bregenz.

In Bregenz they found a Christian municipality, which had dropped back however by sections deeply into the Heidentum. Also in Arbor Felix (the today's Arbon) was such a Christian settlement. After few years Columban of Luxeuil, together with its companions, to Italy (Bobbio) applied.

The Galluslegende reported, Gallus had to remain because of a serious illness in Arbor Felix.

After a longerStay in Arbor Felix decided Gallus 612 to follow the river flowing into Arbor Felix at the Lacus Brigantinus (Bodensee ) stone oh together with its companion Hiltibod. It ran far to the insurmountable Wasserfall of the Mühleggschlucht.

the legend of Gallus andthe bear

of the Gallusbär in the Stadtwappen of pc. Gallen

a well-known legend over the holy Gallus is to have itself to course-carry to the Mühleggschlucht: While Hiltibod slept, Gallus was still awake, when suddenly bar emerged. Gallus could not be intimidated, also then not, as thatBar straightened up. Gallus instructed to the bear in the name of the gentleman to throw a piece wood in the fire. And the wood carried obeyed for the bar to the fire. Gallus is to have given bar to that afterwards bread, on the condition that he never more look himselfto leave is. Hiltibod, which had monitored, said to Gallus: „I know now that the gentleman with you is, if even the animals of the forest obey your word. “Never dipped the bar.

In the interpretation of this legend the meeting was Gallus' with the bearan indication at the moving Missionar to establish itself here. Thus became the bar later also the coat of arms animal of the city pc. Gallen.

life in the Klause and death

Gallus built itself a Klause, which it Maria, the Burgunderheiligen Desiderius and Mauritius weihte. It lived as Eremit. Nevertheless Gallus collected many pupils around itself and fought hard against heidnische customs.

In the year 612 the Alamannenherzog Gunzo called up a Synode of all master princes and important cleric, around the vakanten chair of the bishop von Konstanzto occupy again again. It wanted to make Gallus the bishop, perhaps also, because this had healed its daughter of a serious illness. Gallus wanted this not, and came already with another monk, Johannes, to this conference, in order to suggest it than bishop. The duke wenton this unjustified demand, and after three-year tiger training by Gallus is to have become Johannes bishop von Konstanz. Gallus however lived further withdrawn a asketisches life.

To 16. October 640 (after other sources: 620 or 646 - 650) the holy Gallus died. This day, that Gallustag, is today still celebrated. Its grave became the place of pilgrimage and it became particularly in the Southern Germany, which Elsass and German-language Switzerland admire.

Nachleben

around approximately 720, thus one hundred years after Gallus' death, based the alemannische priest Othmarin its honours at the place of pilgrimage an abbey and gave her the name pc. Gallen.

Pc. Gallen became a place of refuge for Irish scholars and artists, who were pursued in their homeland by the Wikingern as well as the Danes.

Also further places and churches became afterGallus designated.

pc. Gallus churches

Galluskirche St. Gallenkirch, Vorarlberg
Galluskirche pc. Gallenkirch, Vorarlberg
Gallikapelle Kirchborchen, North-Rhine/Westphalia

altogether are counted 250 Gallus Patrozinien, among them in:

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)