as horticulture one designates the intensive, at high technical expenditure and under particularly high manpower utilization operated form of the agriculture. The horticulture developed gradually from the private supply (the history of the garden is in detail in the article garden described).
A large number of plant typesby acquisition-moderate horticulture enterprises and private gardners one cultivates. Breeding new plants and culture places is partly operated by particulars, in the world-wide group working horticulture companies. In the flower and ornamental plant breeding German young plant enterprises are world market leaders.
The horticulture obtains in Germany on approximately 1% of the agricultural effective area10% of the total economic activity of the entire agriculture. The house and allotment surface exceeds the cultivated area of the acquisition horticulture in Germany around a Vielfaches.In the Netherlands makes the horticulture - there agri business mentioned - and the pending industries and services approx. 18% of the gross national product out. Different universitiesoffer the course of studies horticulture .
Urbaner horticulture with its specific problems wins due to the increasing urbanisation as well as the problems associated with it world-wide increasingly in meaning.
one differentiates the following sections with respect to the German acquisition horticulture today:
- Production horticulture:
- handels and service horticulture:
in former times independent section “building of seeds and Plant breeding “was integrated in the meantime into the individual production horticulture sections. The Floristik is ranked among the handicraft.
classification of the horticulture into the agriculture
to what extent the horticulture with its sections generally among the agriculture be ranked can or is,is discussable. With security the fields vegetable growing of the agriculture is still earliest intimate. Also nursery gardens rank due to the production procedures and the technique employment among the sections, which the agriculture close.
Within the range of the Unterglasgemüseanbaus and above all the section flower meaning according to the free market in Germanyand building of ornamental plants become effective already different, non-agricultural aspects, so e.g. the use of greenhouses or differently constituted technique employment such as fertilization computers, climatic computers or sterilization plants in closed culture systems. “Urban Horticulture “or the Innenraumbegrünung as well as marketing and global trade (trend to the “experience garden center, already mentioned“) rather accents set toward environmental or service horticulture. The garden and landscape gardening are likewise part of the building of service gardens and co-operate closely with the planerischen sections of the vocational field landscape architecture (free space and green area planning).
Web on the left of
- the horticulture net (g-net) - portal of the central association horticulture andits federations
- T·A·G - Top training horticulture - extensive information about training possibilities in the horticulture
- Bundesgartenschau.de - homepage of the German Bundesgartenschau company
- education place horticulture green mountain
- office for federal sort - permission and protection of planting places
- gabot.de - portal and search machine side for the horticulture
- Gartentechnik.de - extensive link collection about horticulture
- Federal Association of Labor for garden culture and landscape conservation - controlling body of the horticulture associations in Germany]