Kind (biology)

the kind is a hierarchical stage of biological systematics.

A kind contains one or more kinds. An example of a kind is the Abies (fir). All kinds within a kind have always a two-piece (binominalen)Name, which contains Epipheton apart from the Gattungsbezeichnung still another kind. Abies alba ( the white fir) is a kind in the kind Abies (fir). This continuous binominale designation decreases/goes back on Carl von Linné , that it 1735 in its work Systema Naturae introduced.

If a kind contains only a kind, one calls the kind monotypically. Kinds are summarized in families.

structuring of a kind

if a kind many kinds contains, which are arranged according to different criteriacan, following hierarchical ranks are available:

  • Untergattung
  • section
  • Untersektion
  • series
  • of Unterserie

thereby is it in the discretion of the biologist, who appears appropriate ranks. Important differences are usually expressed by Untergattungen; during inconspicuous variations becomes ratherthe section uses. There is thus no regulation that certain ranks are to be used preferentially. However the Untersektion becomes (and/or. Unterserie) uses only if also the section (and/or. Series is used).


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