Generative transformational grammar
the generative transformational grammar, also production grammar, is a Generative grammar with transformation rules.
It represents the overcoming of the taxonomischen Strukturalismus according to the theory of Noam Chomsky . Chomsky asked, how a speaker of any language with a finite number of rules can produce an infinite number of sentences, and how a listener understands sentences, which he before never heard.
A Generative transformational grammar is thus the model of the description of the dynamic process of language production and - rezeption, the ability of the “ideal speaker/listener” to produce and understand grammatical expressions (authority).
The language use against it calls Chomsky Performanz. The standard design with Chomsky consists of a production part (basis), which depth structures produces, those in the transformation part after special language (z. B. English, German) different transformations into the surface textures to be transferred and a semantic and a phonological interpretation experience. The basis of this grammar is syntactic. Such a grammar supplies thus for each sentence, which it generates (brings out), a deep and a surface texture as well as the meaning and the lautliche implementing.