George P. Shultz

George Pratt Shultz (* 13. December 1920 in New York town center, the USA) was in the government of president Ronald Reagan US minister of foreign affairs from 1982 to 1989, in the government of president Richard Nixon Minister of Finance of 1972 to 1974 and employment minister from 1969 to 1970.

Shultz is member of the Hoover institution, the American Enterprise of institutes new Atlantic initiative, the committee for the release Iraq and the committee against the present danger. Furthermore it was active in the executive committee of the Bechtel corporation, with Gilead Sciences and the Charles Schwab corporation.

Shultz received its Bachelor to 1942 - conclusion in political economy at the University of Princeton and served starting from 1942 to 1945 in the United States navy Corps, where he brought it up to the Captain (captain). it attained a doctorate to 1949 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (WITH) in the subject industrial company teachings.

He taught from 1948 to 1957 to ALSO, with temporary interruption 1955 to 1956, as he the advice of economic councellors of president Dwight D. Eisenhower as a senior staff economist belonged. 1955 he became a professor to ALSO.

1957 changed Shultz to the University OF Chicago Graduate School OF Business as a professor for industrial relations. From 1959 to 1960 he was an advisor in the US-State section. 1962 it became Dekan at the University OF Chicago. From 1961 to 1972 it belonged to the committee for operational personnel policy.

From 1969 to 1970 he worked as an employment minister in the government of president Nixon, according to which he became a director of the office for management and budget. From May 1972 until May 1974 it became then active as treasure Ministers.

1974 it left the government and became a director of the Bechtel Group. For January Shultz was a president of the Bechtel Group. President Ronald Reagan appointed it as the chairman in the committee of government-independent experts of economic politics. To 16. July 1982 it became by Reagan as a successor of the withdrawn predecessor in office Alexander M. Haig to 60. US Secretaries of State appoint. As a pigeon in the foreign policy it collided more frequently with the falcons of the Reagan government. Was special it admits for its expressed opposition against „the weapons for hostages “- scandal, which admits later than Iran versus affair became.

In the Near East it called Israel and its Arab neighbour states for the acceptance of the Reagan plan in October 1982 . In May 1983 it submitted after the suicide notice on the American French Italian peacekeeping force (MNF) with 230 dead US-marine and to 58 dead French paratroopers a Lebanon agreement that planned the departure of the Israeli troops from Lebanon. In June 1985 it achieves a non-military solution of the hostage affair in Lebanon.

Shultz was a prominent proponent of US invasion of Nicaragua. he said 1983 before congress of USwe must the Nicaraguan cancer out cut. “It again and again stressed the intention of the USA of preventing Nicaragua from „the export of the revolution in its neighbour states “. It contradicted also each kind of negotiation with the Nicaraguan government Daniel local gas. „Negotiations are a Euphemismus, if the shade of power does not fall on the negotiating table. “

Efforts for arms limitation and the admission of new disarmament talks between the USA and the Soviet Union in March 1985 are operated by Shultz as well as his Soviet partner Edward Shevardnadze and to lead 1987 to the dismantling of atomic medium-range missiles.

Shultz left with the end of the term of office of Reagans to 20. January 1989 the State section, in order to become professor at the Stanford university in California, remained however a far strategist of the republican party. He was an advisor of George W. Bush in the election campaign 2000.

honours

to 19. January 1989 received the liberty medal to Shultz. it received the Seoul of peace price to 1992. 2001 were lent to it the Eisenhower medal for Führerschaft.

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)