George Stephenson (* 9. June 1781 in Wylam with Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland; † 12. August 1848 in TAP clay/tone House with Chesterfield) was an English engineer and main founder of the railway nature. In addition he was autodidact and acquired himself extensivetechnical knowledge.
Stephenson was born as a son of poor parents. Its first activity existed in the operation of a steam engine in a coal pit. Here he drew by the appropriate[إينريشتثنغ] [إينس] [بومبنوركس] [أوس]. It became custodian and led later the coal works of lord Ravensworth with Darlington.
he built a steam engine, which was regarded over long time as the first useful locomotive for 1814 for the railway put on there. Here it was misjudged that firstSteam engine, built of smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Trevithick 1804 not to the Lokomotivtechnologie, but at the cast-iron rails of the original horse course failed, for which the locomotive was simply too heavy. 1813 already built William Hedley its “Puffing Billy” for the Wylam bill, which proved so well that severalLocomotives of this type were built. George Stephenson was thus not the inventor of the steam engine, probably however the most successful railway pioneer 19 beginning. Century.
Under the line Stephensons became to 27. September 1825 between stick clay/tone and Darlington the first public railway of the world inaugurated. Its “Locomotion” became strained before 38 cars, which were loaded with coals and wheat partly. Most cars were however with seats for approx. 600 fixed participants provide. The regular enterprise began tags on it with the passenger vehicle “experiment”,however still over years by a horse one pulled. On this distance three locomotives designed by Stephenson drove.
The building of the Liverpool Manchester railway 1829 always justified its call. Beim berühmten Rennen von Rainhillfür die beste und schnellste Lokomotive dieser Bahn, welche ihrthree-way weight with 10 English. Miles speed in the hour to pull should, without producing smoke, achieved The Rocket of George Stephenson and his son Robert the price, by drawing its fivefold weight and to 14 - 20 English. Miles in the hour put back, thusthe conditions posed far exceeded. This success was main the introduction a better burn of the producing Blasrohrs as well as after an idea the Booths, the Secretary-General of the society to attribute to a larger steam evolvedness of suitable tube boiler.
From then on Stephenson led the building of the most important railways inEngland or built machines for the same and as same purpose to Belgium, Holland, France, Germany, Italy and Spain was appointed. The first German locomotive eagle came out from the mechanical engineering institute established in Darlington. Was from 1847-1848 George Stephenson president of the institution OF Mechanical Engineers.
He was last also owner of several coal pits and the large iron works of Claycross and died to 12. August 1848 in TAP clay/tone House with Chesterfield. Its statue was set up in Newcastle on the Stephensonbrücke.
He is father of Robert Stephenson.
- Samuel Smiles: The would run OF George Stephenson. London 1884 (reproduction University press OF the Pacific, 2001, ISBN 0898755050)
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and overGeorge Stephenson in the catalog of the DDB
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||British engineer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||8. June 1781|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wylam, Northumberland|
|DYING DATE||12. August 1848|
|DYING PLACE||Chesterfield, England|