Georges Bidault

Georges Bidault, French statesman

Georges Augustin Bidault (* 5. October 1899 in Moulins, Auvergne; † 27. January 1983 in Cambo les Bains) was a French politician and an active member of the Résistance and the organization de l'armée secrète (OAS).


Bidault participated in the First World War and studied as a son of a director of insurance to the Sorbonne. He became a history teacher. 1925 to 1926 it was active in Valenciennes , 1926 to 1931 in Reims, starting from 1931 at the Lycée edge of Louis putting in Paris as history teachers. it helped 1932 with the establishment of the French catholic youth organization and starting from 1934 was it publisher of the Christian-democratically anti-fascist newspaper l' Aube. It had therein a column and protested in it among other things against Munich agreements of 1938. Bidault was leader Christian-democratic portion démocrate populaire (PDP).

After the outbreak of the Second World War it joined the French army and at the time of the defeat of France by the German armed forces in war shank was taken. After its release in July 1941 he could not work in Paris as a journalist because of its political views any longer and changed in October 1941 into „the vacant “south zone. There it joined the Résistancegruppe Liberté (liberty), later with the group the Combat (fight) of Henri Frenay united. Jean Moulin recruited it, in order to organize an underground press and to create with Albert Camus the underground sheet Combat.

Bidault participated in the establishment „of the resistance parliament “ Conseil national de la Résistance (CNR) as a representative of the PDP in Paris, why he returned from Lyon to Paris in complete unlawfulness and lived there. After the Gestapo Moulin had taken prisoner, he became a chairman of the CNR. 1944 it published one charters the Résistance, which recommended an extensive postwar reform program. After the release from Paris it participated for the Résistance in the victory parade. Charles de Gaulle appointed it to 25. August to the minister of foreign affairs of the provisional government. He became founder of the Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP).

From 1945 to 1956 and again starting from 1958 Bidault as a delegate of the constituency Loire of the national assembly, belonged, on. After the war he worked in the cabinet Félix Gouin of the provisional government as a minister of foreign affairs 1946, to him to 19. June 1946 the constituent national assembly to the president of the provisional government (in fact prime minister) selected. Its cabinet consisted of socialists, communists and Bidaults of own MRP and it took over again the State Department. To 29. November elections were set for national assembly, after which Bidault withdrew. Léon Bluem became its successor.

Bidault worked in different French postwar cabinets, first as a minister of foreign affairs in the cabinets of Paul Ramadier and Robert Schuman. 1949 he became an Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers (in fact prime minister), but its cabinet got over only 8 months. In the cabinet of Henri Queuille from 1950 to 1951 it received the position of the vice-Prime Minister and to the cabinets from René Pleven and Edgar Faure belonged it as a Secretary of Defense. 1952 he became honorary president of the MRP. At the 1. June 1953 gave president to Vincent Auriol an order for cabinet formation, but the national assembly refused to it to 10. June the mandate. 1953 were Bidault presidency candidate, withdrew themselves however in the second ballot.

In April 1958 Bidault again prime ministers, could however no cabinet educate and was involved in the establishment of the conservative Mouvement Chrétien Démocratique (MCD). After beginning of the Algeria war it supported the presidency of de Gaulle. 1961 Bidault president of the executive committee for the march for a French Algeria and opposed sharply against de Gaulles politics for an Algerian independence. It created its national resistance advice within the OAS. In June 1962 it was accused of to collude as a boss of the OAS against the state and lost its parliamentary immunity. It fled 1963 to Brazil in the exile. 1967 it pulled to Belgium and returned 1968 to amnesty to France.

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