|of these articles treats the Federal State of the United States of America, further meanings under Georgia (term clarifying)|
|flag||coat of arms/seal|
|pointed name:|| Peach state|
|rank (withinthe USA):||24|
|altogether:||154,077 km ²|
|country:||150,132 km ²|
|water (%):||3,945 km ² (2.6%)|
|rank (within the USA):||9|
|density:||57 E./km ²|
|since:||2. January 1788|
|time belt:||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|degree of latitude:||30°31'N to 35°N|
|degree of longitude:||81°W to 85°53'W|
|highest situation:||1,458 m|
|average situation:||180 m|
|deepest situation:||0 m|
|governor:||Sonny Perdue (George Ervin PerdueIII)|
Table of contents
Georgia borders in the east on the Atlantic, and on the US Federal State South Carolina, in the south on the Federal State Florida, in the west on the Federal State Alabama and in the northto the Federal States threshing floor lake and North Carolina. The north of the state lies in the mountains Blue Ridge Mountains. The highest point of the state is the Brasstown soon (1458 m). The coastal length at the Atlantic amounts to 161 km.
|Augusta Richmond||smelling moon||195,182||191,326|
before the Europeans to Georgia, prevailed the Creek and Cherokee came -Indian over the country. The first European was the Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, 1526 close of the island pc. Catherine's Iceland the first colony based. Hernando de Soto came 1540 to the coast of Georgia and investigated thoseRegion.1566 created the Spaniards Santa Catalina. The conflict between Spain and England broke approximately 1670 off , when the Englishmen of the north from Carolina and the Spaniards of the south from Florida met one on the other. The British called the country tooHonours of her king George II. Georgia. 1680 could occupy it the Spanish Santa Catalina.
To 17. November 1732 drove the English general James Oglethorpe with 120 Kolonisten to Georgia, in order to create the first British settlement into Georgia. Itand 114 Kolonisten reached to 12. February 1733 Yamacraw bluff and created the city Savannah and thus Georgia. 1776 could separate Georgia from the British and became autonomous.
Georgia belonged to the 13 colonies, those against the British rulein North America revolted (war of independence). It stepped the USA to 2. January 1788 as the fourth Federal State. 1798 do not forbid Georgia as the last US Federal States the slave trade however the use of slaves. During the American civil war (1861-1865) belongedthe country of the Southern State union of the Konföderierten states from America .
inhabitants (conditions live population in Georgia: 2003), of it 62.6% white, 28.7% black and Afro American, 5.3% Hispanics, 2.1% Asian, 0.3% Indian.
Itgives 3.006.369 households.
The Pro-Kopf-Einkommen amounted to 2002: 25,949 US Dollar.
politics and society
the governor are called Sonny Perdue, actually George Ervin Perdue III. and is republican.
The official hymn of the state is Georgia on my Mind of Ray Charles. She was explained as the honour of the musician as the Hyme, because had made itself earned against the racial segregation. 1963 refused arising to Charles before a race-separate public. He got thereupon generally speaking Federal State appearance prohibition. The prohibition1979 were waived by the parliament and the governor apologized with Charles.
1783 was created the company headquarters Coca-Cola company in Georgia. In addition Atlanta is the head office of the airlines delta airLINEs and AirTran, as well as the news station CNN. Straight end of the 1990er years and at the beginning of the new millenium pulls it many companies due to the low control item after Georgia.
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