History of the canton Tessin
table of contents
Swiss federal conquests
in the Middle Ages was controlled the area of the today's canton Tessin of the dukes of Milan (→ history of Milan). The oath comrades achieved their supremacy in the southern alpine valleys in 15. Century during three different conquests.
Between 1403 and 1422 some parts of the canton were already subordinated to the rule by Uri, had to be retired however later again. The Leventina brought Uri 1440 under its control. In a second conquest won Uri, Schwyz and Nidwalden in the year 1500 the city Bellinzona and the Riviera. The third raid to the south took place via the troops of all three Urkantone.
Locarno, like the Maggiatal, Lugano and Mendrisio were integrated 1512. In the exclusive rule of Uri was thereafter the Leventina of sank God hard until Biasca. The remaining area of the ennetbergischen Vogteien (the spheres of influence over the mountains) was controlled together by the three cantons.
liberal condition revision
the representative condition of 1803 was modified 1814 in aristokratischem sense. In the Tessin still began before the July revolution in France with under the guidance of the after times Upper House of Parliament Stefano Franscini in the work set a condition revision of 30. June 1830 the liberal movement in Switzerland. The internal history of the canton remained however always a passionately moved due to the contrast between the Klerikalen, which in the Sopraceneri, and the liberals, which possessed the decided majority in the Sottoceneri. To 6. Decembers 1839 fell the liberals by force one it with pursuits threatening ultramontane government, while a similar attempt of the Ultramontanen ended 1841 with the execution of its leader Nessi.
the capital question
after the liberals their predominance generally speaking advice and in the Council of State 1858 had used to waive the monasteries or in the Novizenaufnahme to limit nevertheless to exclude and loosen the church connecting with the dioceses Como and Milan on the part of the state the clergymen from the school, 1870 over the question, whether Bellinzona or Lugano should be exclusive capital of the canton, were inflamed on a new passionate party fight between the Sopra and Sottocenerinern. The contrast was intensified, when 1875 received the Ultramontanen the majority generally speaking to advice. This came now into conflict with the liberal Council of State over a new electoral law. The excitement rose over the fact in such a way that it 22. October 1876 in Stabio to a bloody collision between Klerikalen and liberals came. But under mediating a Swiss federal commissioner a comparison was closed and new elections for the large advice on 21. January 1877 fixes, with which the Klerikalen achieved definitely the victory. By a constitutional law of 10. March 1878 was waived the past change of the seat of the government between Locarno, Lugano and Bellinzona and explained the latter as the exclusive capital.
new material for the inflammation of the party passions gave now exclusively the government ordered from Klerikalen by the inconsiderate distance to all liberal teacher and an official, re-population of the monasteries etc.; by the attempt however, because of the procedures in Stabio for the destruction of the highest Mola, a leader to use although its innocence lay clearly to day, it brought the process to the liberal whole Switzerland in excitement, which put only again, as the jury the process klerikale in their majority to 14. May 1880 by a general acquittal ended.
1883 were introduced by a condition revision the referendum, and modified 1886 the church law in ultramontanem sense, against what the Pope consented by contracts with the confederation ( 1884 and 1888) to the formal connection of the Tessin to the diocese Basel, on the condition that of the Kurie in agreement with the bishop from the tessinischen religiousness appointing Apostoli administrator in Lugano exercises the bischöfliche force in the canton. From cause of the new elections for the large advice at the 3. March 1889 came it to a so violent controversy between the conservative one and the liberal, which erstern illegal cancellations of liberals in the lists of candidates accused of that the federal authority had to intervene. 75 conservative ones and 37 liberals were selected.