Fabric (textile)

Stoffballen. Times flat…
... a textile tissue

is manufactured times approximately by weaving threads.

A fabric is a right-angled planar formation from threads. One calls the threads in the longitudinal direction chain or chaining threads. The transverse threads are called shot or Schussfäden.

Everafter, which chaining threads when weaving raised and/or. , develop different Gewebearten are lowered. The goods picture, times with times above, developing from it, chaining lying down and/or. One calls Schussfäden connection. One calls the number of the chaining and Schussfäden, after the connection repeats itself, Rapport.

These connections do not only affect the characteristics of a fabric (like e.g. the appearance, the sliding firmness or the draping barness), it are also possible to manufacture by the use of different yarns (thickness, colors etc.), for fabrics with (colored) samples. If colored yarns are used, then one speaks of multicolored fabric, to them for example needle strip, Pepita belong -, fish burr - (English. Herringbone), cock footstep - (English. Shepherd's check) and Scot sample fabric (English. Tartan (sample)).

Fabrics have an upper and a lower surface, which are called right and left goods side. If upper and lower surface the sameLook have, then one speaks of “gleichbindigem” fabric, e.g. during the canvas connection.

With many fabrics the Schussfaden is substantially thinner than the chaining threads; , in contrast to networks or Gewirken the fabric under tensile load is not taken up more narrowly, there whole Kraft by the chaining threadsbecomes, and the Schussfaden only the situation of the chaining threads in the transverse direction fixes.

Depending upon distance and characteristics (wound up, puffed etc.) of the threads completely loose fabrics can develop such as dressing materials, or close fabrics, like Brokate. In the longitudinal direction fabrics become flexible through asChaining threads assigned rubber threads (more used with volumes), rippling/crinkling or textured yarns; they are strained processed and to pull itself in a state of rest together. Textured yarns consist of texturierten - thus rippled/crinkled - synthetic fibers. The ripples changes the characteristics of the synthetic fibers. The yarns gesponnen from it are muchflexibly, voluminös and have a good lagging.

Gewebearten from cotton:

fabric can completely narrow volumes be, like belts or rubber bands. They are manufactured on volume weaving looms, which differ completely substantially from broad weaving looms.

Broad fabrics are enough from narrow materials, inthe clothing industry to be used up to broad sail materials, which are woven also over the entire width up to 20 meters at a piece.

But each fabric is not equivalent recognizable as such. Often fabrics are used as insert, document or reinforcement. E.g. become. also Glass fibers to mats woven and in plastics as read-transferring layer inserted, so-called GRP materials (glass-fiber reinforced plastic), or it serve as carpet back, which carries the Flor. In the GRP components technology increases clutches of eggs used; the basic fibers are not woven, but fixes to each other with an auxiliary thread(sews).

Important characteristics of a textilen fabric are:

  • Used synthetic material (indication for example as: 50% cotton 50% polyester)
  • weight per unit area in <math> g/m^2< /math>
  • Thread density (number of chaining and Schussfäden per unit of length)
  • kind of connection

in the English language one does not differentiate between fabrics and network, one speaks of a woven.

Gewebearten: To Pikee, Denim

table of contents


as a Charmeuse a Futterstoff one designates, which can be used thanks of its elasticity for feeding cord goods.


Flor or pole fabrics are the three-dimensionalSpecial form. A third thread system, the Polfaden is merged firmly into the basic fabric made of chain and shot and runs perpendicularly to chain and shot. These loops can be cut open afterwards, in order to produce a Velours or a velvet.

Typical Florgewebe is:

  • genuine velvets
  • woven carpets
  • woven furniture materialswith Flor (e.g. Velours, Epinglé)

the kind of bringing in the Polfadens gives the name to the types. The cut off Polfaden looks regarded by the side either like the letter V or W. One speaks of the v and/or. W-burl. The double W burl is a modification thatW-burl.


by Tufting (English. Discussion) can be likewise produced a three-dimensional fabric. However in two processing steps. Here into existing basic fabric a third thread system with a needle is shot in. This procedure is used frequently for the production of carpets, since it is more favorableas manufacturing a woven carpet.

see also


  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)