Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (* 22. December 1858 in Lucca; † 29. November 1924 in Brussels) was an Italian composer.

Puccini originates from a musician family. Its father, Michele Puccini, was director/conductor of the city chapel ofLucca, organist at the cathedral and composer of operas and fairs.

In the year 1876 Giacomo Puccini a symphonisches Präludium writes. It visits in Pisa a performance of the opera Aida of Giuseppe Verdi, which impresses it strongly. In the autumn 1880 it goes to Milan, whereit itself owing to a scholarship at the there conservatoire writing can. Its teacher was Amilcare Ponchielli.

To 31. May 1884 it debütiert in the Teatro Dal Verme in Milan with its Erstlingsoper Le Villi, for which it harvests large success at the public and with the criticism.After a long developing history his opera Edgar becomes to 21. April 1889 at the citizens of Milan Scala uraufgeführt, but without special success. Six years later, at the 1. February 1895 takes place the premiere of the opera Manon Lescaut in the Teatro Regio in Turin with large success. Likewisein this theatre becomes at the 1. February 1896 the Bohème uraufgeführt, conductor is Arturo Toscanini. To 14. January 1900 premiere of the Tosca at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome.

Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini

in the year 1904 marries Puccini Elvira Bonturi, from which he had a son.To 17. February experiences the opera madame Butterfly an extraordinary failure. After a revision it is specified three months later at the Teatro Grande of Brescia again and taken up enthusiastically.

Gloss-full debut at the metropolitan Opera in New York to 10. November 1910 with LaFanciulla del West; Conductor is Arturo Toscanini, singers Enrico Caruso. To 14. December 1918 premiere at the metropolitan opera to a Triptychon (IL trittico) summarized one-act play, IL Tabarro, Suor Angelica and Gianni of the Schicchi.

In the year 1921 Puccini pulls tight Viareggio over, where it concerns itself with the composition of the opera Turandot. It leaves however its last opera unfinished, because it to 29. November 1924, few days after a neck operation, in a Brussels hospital dies. Turandot becomes to 25. April 1926 to the citizens of MilanScala under the line Arturo Toscanini specified in the unfinished version. In the following conceptions it is specified with the conclusion parts completed from Franco Alfano after drafts of the composer.

The artistic work Giacomo Puccinis extends from 1884 to 1924. In these forty years developgradually its twelve operas. Straight this limited number is an indication of its strict artistic yardsticks. The enormous success of Puccinis operas at the public during lifetimes of the composer, who never diminished, continues and continues to grow.

stage works (with premiere date/place)

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)