as execution by the poison syringe one designates a form of the death penalty, with which the Delinquenten a deadly poison or however medicines in lethal dose is injected. It is used increasingly for the 1980er years and is to step as human form of the execution to the place of the electrical chair, the Galgens, shooting, the Gaskammer and other methods. It was inserted first in the United States and is used mainly there.
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the condemned one is fixed on a couch and receives in everyone of its arms a Venenverweilkanüle. Only one is needed by these for the execution of the Exekution; the other one serves than replacement if the first Kanüle have become useless should.
The given medicines unfold successively the following effect. First a fast unconsciousness is taught and afterwards death caused by the paralysis of the respiratory muscles followed by the depolarization of the heart muscle. The bar bit urate Thiopental is used for the anaesthetizing effect, Pancuroniumbromid, Suxamethoniumchlorid or Tubocurarinchlorid as Muskelrelaxantium and Kaliumchlorid as herzlähmendes means. Death normally occurs within five minutes, but can last the procedure altogether up to one three-quarter hour. The individual active substances are not already mixed thereby outside of the body, there for precipitating the heavy and/or. non-soluble substances to lead could become, but successively injected.
The deadly injection runs off thus in three steps:
- The Delinquent is beta-practiced, whereby the dose of the beta exercise means is so high that it would be already alone deadly.
- All muscles with exception of the heart, the asphyxiation begins.
- The heart hears to strike on, humans dies.
The inlets of the Kanülen lead by the wall to a secondary room, from which a approbierter physician or a Krankenpfleger introduces the injections. Some physicians refuse participating in executions since this is not compatible with the oath of the Hippokrates sworn by them. In any case one is however a physician present, who determines the death of the Delinquenten after the execution.
the poison syringe in the third realm
the execution by the poison syringe is in its modern, above described form only for the 1980er years in the USA in use. The philosophy of the deadly injection is however already older. In Germany she was suggested by Hitler's body physician Karl Brandt for the employment in the euthanasia program of the Nazis, where also she (apart from other methods) was used. In addition condemned prisoners killed SS-member in the concentration camp Auschwitz ill and to death by injection of phenol and other poisons. Also in the concentration camp beech forest in the so-called “shelter”, the detention range of the camp, prisoners in larger number with similar injections were killed. A prominent victim was the former leader of the parliamentary group of the SPD in Reichstag, Ernst Heilmann, to 3. April 1940 was killed by SS-Hauptsturmführer Martin summer with a poison injection.
the poison syringe in the USA
in the USA reached into February 1977 the Anästhesist Dr. Stanley German of the University of Oklahoma the thought of the execution by medicine gift up and suggested the described medicine combination. The first execution according to the new method found to 7. December 1982 in Texas instead of; Oklahoma still followed in the same year. Some time found the procedure later also outside of the USA resemblance. China introduced it 1997 , Guatemala 1998 and the Philippines 1999. Other states plan the execution by the poison syringe in the meantime legally, them however in practice did not take over.
the poison syringe in the People's Republic of China
in China is since 1997 with so far a combination secretly held of different active substances executedbecome. The deadly substances with only one syringe given instead of as usual usual as infusion. Allegedly painless death is to occur between 30-60 seconds after the injection. With the development of this execution procedure the people's court of Kunming (Kunming Intermediate People's Court) was responsible. Details over this execution method were since then not gotten to know, since such information in China is subject to the national secrecy. This new allegedly painless death syringe is criticized on the one hand on the part of parts the law as „a too simple death “for criminals, on the other hand one fears exist that now in connection with the again used mobile execution penalties of the Chinese magistrate's courts the number of the executions will still rise. (Source: Amnesty international)
it is placed again and again the question, how painless the killing with the poison syringe is actual. The beta exercise means Thiopental works very fast, in addition, only for relatively short time (5-15 minutes), so that the danger exists that the condemned one comes again to consciousness and dies by the effect of the following overdosed medicines painful. Veterinary surgeons use long-working bar bit urates for such reasons when putting to sleep animals . Partially the Bolus from Thiopental can lead to it that the person appears outwardly unconscious, with full consciousness however nevertheless is. So already extremely painful operations saw a number of Narkosepatienten. In this case the person would experience the paralysis of her respiratory muscles with full consciousness both as well as the heart-impactlowering effect of the Kaliumchlorids, whose injection is very painful into the Blutkreislauf alone.
Occasionally it comes to technical complications. The introduction of the needles difficulties, partially suitable Venen was made accessible so prepared sometimes only after a full hour. In some cases the body reacted surprisingly violently to the medicines, so for example in case of the Robyn Lee park, which choked during its execution 1992 in Oklahoma ten minutes long and snatched at air. At the beginning between the gifts of the individual medicine solution without rinsing out of injection hose and needle with physiological saline solution one did. By precipitation, which arose with one another by meeting one another the individual medicines, so the hose impermeable and the execution had to be interrupted. However the poison syringe is regarded as one compared with other Exekutionsarten “human” method.
Fred A. Leuchter (Leuchter Associates Inc.) invented a device, which the process of the medicine administration automated and thus is to prevent complications. This device covers 5 syringes, which are drawn up with the medicine loosened in salt solution in each case, and a different number of syringes, which are drawn up with salt solution only. Contents of the syringes are injected to syringe with pure salt solution (saltworks flush) time-steered in each case in the change syringe with medicine - into the intravenous inlet. This injection machine is in the meantime in several American Federal States in enterprise.
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