Falcone is considered as symbol figure of the fight against the organized criminality in the south of Italy. Beginning of the 1980er years developed it in Palermo a special commission for the fight of the Cosa Nostra . The fact that the mafia pervasive on Sicilies did not want to permit such disturbances of their power and business made it clear again and again by numerous notices on the investigators. Steadfastly and with very much courage the Falcone standing under constant police protection led starting from 1987 as an examining magistrate Massenprozesse against approximately 400 members of the mafia, by whom numerous were condemned to detentions. it changed 1991 in the Italian Ministry of Justice.
Falcone was killed together with its wife Francesca Morvillo and three bodyguards by a bomb, when he was on the way to his weekend house with Palermo. The assassins had deposited under the motorway with Capaci in close proximity to Palermo 500kg explosive and had remote controlled ignited. For this assassination attempt the butcher of the Cosa Nostra, had to answer for itself Giovanni Brusca, before court and is arrested since 1996. It is assumed that the murder was given by Salvatore (Totò) Riina in order.
The assassination attempt on Falcone fell Italy into a heavy crisis. Short time fell later also Paolo Borsellino, a colleague and close trusted friends Falcones, in Palermo an attempted assassination to the victim. Soon the references consolidated themselves that the mafia had infiltrated long also government and law circles. Soon a political earthquake in Italy actually occurred. After corruption reproaches the socialist party and the Christian democrats lost the Regierungsgewalt, the Italian ex Prime Minister Bettino Craxi forestalled an arrest however by punctual escape after Tunesien.
Falcone particularly enjoyed because of its fight against the organized crime of large popularity in Sicilies. After its death it was honoured by renaming the airport by Palermo in aero postage Falcone Borsellino, after it and its friend Paolo Borsellino.
- Vincenzo depression Donne: Falcone: The biography - lives and death in the fight against the mafia: , Ullstein, Frankfurt/Main, Berlin, 1993, ISBN: 3-550-07193-0
- Raoul Muhm, Gian Carlo Caselli: The role of the state lawyer - experiences in Europe ; IL ruolo del Pubblico Ministero - Esperienze in Europe, Vecchiarelli Editore Manziana (Roma) 2005, ISBN: 88-8247-156 - X
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Giovanni Falcone in the catalog of the DDB
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||lawyer, judge, Mafia hunter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||18. May 1939|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Palermo|
|DYING DATE||23. May 1992|
|DYING PLACE||Capaci with Palermo|