Giovanni Paisiello

Giovanni Paisiello (also “Paesiello”) (* 9. May 1741 in Tarent (Taranto); † 5. June 1816 in Neapel) was an Italian composer.

biography

Paisiello made, the study of the jurisprudence certainly, the preliminary studies in the Jesuitenkollegium, stepped however intoOld of 13 years into the conservatoire Sant' Onofrio to Neapel , where he was formed under the direction from Durante , Cotumacci and Abos to the musician.

After it first a number of fairs, Oratorien, Psalmen etc. had written, tried he in the dramaticComposition.1763 were specified at the conservatoire a “ dramatic Intermezzo “, which revealed its gift for the Opera buffa. Fast now the theatres of its took care of: three operas were specified in Parma, two in Bologna; further in Florenz, Modena and Rome followed. It became howeveronly then to the first composers of Italy counted, as it 1767 with L'idolo Cinese also in Neapel (where up to then Niccolà Piccinni was clay-indicating) success it had. It began to unfold a so fruitful activity as an opera composer that it in few years except Cimarosa no competitorin Europe had.

1776 it followed a call of the Zarin Katharina II. after sank Petersburg, where he was appointed the Kapellmeister and supervisor of the two Italian operas and until 1784 in the service remained. For Petersburg it wrote nine new operas, under it to the become famous“Bar beer of Sevilla “after the comedy of Beaumarchais. During its return journey it wrote on the desire of the king of Poland in Warsaw a Tedeum and the Oratorium “La Passione di Gesù Cristo” after Metastasio as well as to Vienna on behalf Josephs II. twelve Symphonien (Ouvertüren) and the opera “IL Rè Teodoro in Venezia” on a libretto of Giovanni Battista Casti.

Returned to Italy, he established in Neapel and led themselves the yard chapel king Ferdinands IV.. With outbreak of the revolution 1799 he knew himself alsothe republican government well to place and kept his Kapellmeisterposten as a director of the national music. It fell thereby however with the king in disgrace and had to wait two years after its return, until it was accepted again to grace.1802 it followed a request Napoleon, thatit already five years before for a “Trauerkantate for the memory celebration of the general Hoche” had distinguished to move for organizing and line of his chapel to Paris.

Since however its operas met with little approval here, it already turned one year later, after it a quantity of Kirchenmusikenfor the chapel of the first consul had written, again after Neapel. It could occur its old place (as a director of the conservatoire furnished after French sample in place of the earlier schools of music and the royal chapel), which it kept also under Joseph Bonaparte and Joachim Murat.The restoration of the Bourbonenherrschaft 1815 brought it around its position and the lucrative supplementary income; finally he deceased to 5. June 1816 in poor conditions.

work

Paisiello wrote two Requiems, three large orchestra fairs, over 100 operas, a Passionsoratorium, a Weihnachtspastorale, about30 smaller vierstimmige fairs, a doppelchöriges Tedeum etc. In addition a quantity of instrument valley music comes: twelve Orchestersinfonien, six piano concerts, twelve piano quartets, six caper quartets, a Sonate and a concert for harp.

Of its operas, which the melody charm and the dramatic impact force of the neapolitanischen school inreveal to rich measure, at the longest in the favour of the public kept:

  • “La molinara” (dt. “The Müllerin”); Premiere 1788 in Neapel
  • “IL of cash beers di Siviglia” (dt. “That bar beer of Sevilla”) (premiere 1782 in pc. Petersburg), which likes in such a way among other things in Romeit was that it was regarded as a waghalsiges venture, when in the year 1816 Rossini wanted to again compose the same libretto.
  • “Nina o sia La pazza by amore” (dt. “Nina or the mad one from love”); Premiere 1789 in Caserta
  • “IL Rè Teodoro in Venezia” (dt. “King Theodorin Venice "); Premiere 1784 in Vienna

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