Giuseppe Valadier

Giuseppe Valadier
Giuseppe Valadier
Piazza del Popolo vom Pincio (Blick Richtung Westen)
Piazza del Popolo of the Pincio (view direction the west)

Giuseppe Valadier (* 14. April 1762 in Rome; † 1. February 1839 in Rome) was an Italian architect, Städtebauer, an archaeologist and a Goldschmied.

life

Valadier began its career 1781 as an architect of the papal palaces under Pope Pius VI.. Also during the occupation of Rome by the Frenchmen during the napoleonischen era in the years 1809 to 1814 and under Pope Pius VII. it kept this position.

1790 had Pope Pius VI. the Palazzo Santobono to the Piazza Navona for its nephew “Luigi Onesti Braschi” acquired and among other things also Valadier plans for the change of the palace assigns. The Pope rejected these plans however and left the palace by Cosimo Morelli in a style changes, which oriented itself on the Renaissance. This quite fit the cultural and also political intentions of the Pius VI., supplies at the same time in addition, an explanation for the fact that the Neoklassizismus should unfold in Rome later, than in the rest of Europe. Only as Valadier Rome of the development in the other European centers had reached, followed the high point of its work.

As an architect Valadier builds among other things the Teatro Valle (1819) and the front of San Rocco (1831). As an archaeologist busy it itself from 1819 to 1822 with the repair of the Kolosseums and the Titusbogens as well as from 1829 to 1835 with restoration of the temple of the Fortuna Virilis.

It left most traces however as a Städtebauer. it specified the process of the new to 1805 via Flaminia . 1811 followed the master planner for the via dei Fori Imperiali, which was then only brought however from the fascists to execution. It continued to lead the change of the Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano. The masterpiece Valadiers was however certainly the reorganization of the Piazza del Popolo. A first draft it had already submitted 1793, from which however nothing flowed into the final version of the place converted between 1811 and 1822.

literature

  • Marrco Bussagli (Hrsg.), Rome - art & architecture, Cologne 1999


 

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